The Hindu Vocabulary 7 July 2022

2022-07-07

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 7 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Changed equations: On the new Test era for England.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Era

Noun

A long and distinct period of history with a particular feature or characteristic.

(युग)

Epoch, Age, Period, Time, Span

-

The technical era is fast and bold.

Reshape

Verb

To shape again into a different form.

To give a new form.

(नयी आकृति प्रदान करना)

Adjust, Amend, Change, Develop, Mutate, Transmute

Remain, Keep, Stagnate, Stay, Continue, Spoil

I will reshape our family’s future.

Offence

Noun

A breach of a law or rule

An illegal act.

The action of attacking someone or something.

(अपराध)

Breach, Violation, Crime, Misdeed, Sin, Transgression, Trespass, Attack, Assault, Aggression

Behaviour, Good deed, Obedience, Aid, Respect

You have committed a nonbailable offence.

Philosophy

Noun

The rational investigation of truths and principles of conduct.

A particular system of beliefs based on the investigation.

A system of philosophical concepts.

The basic beliefs of an individual or group.

(दर्शन/ दर्शनशास्र/ तत्त्वज्ञान/ तत्त्वविज्ञान)

Attitude, Doctrine, Idea, Ideology, Theory, Thinking, Thought, Truth, Logic, Outlook, Manifesto, Tenet

-

He is a doctor of philosophy in Chemistry.

Commence

Verb

To begin

(शुरू होना/ प्रारंभ होना/ आरंभ होना)

Inaugurate, Initiate, Launch, Embark on

Close, End, Finish, Stop, Conclude

We are commencing the online sale of our new product on the 15th of August.

Pulsate

Verb

To expand and contract periodically.

To vibrate.

To exhibit a pulsation.

(धड़कना/ काँपना/ फड़कना/ स्फुरण करना/ उछलना)

Quiver, Throb, Vibrate, Drum, Oscillate, Palpitate, Pound, Pulse, Fluctuate, Hammer

Remain, Stay, Still

The lights pulsated rhythmically with music at the pub.

Climax

Noun

The highest point in the development of something.

A decisive moment that is of maximum intensity.

A situation that is a turning point in a drama or a literary work.

(उत्कर्ष/ शिखर/ पराकाष्ठा/ चरम उत्कर्ष)

Capstone, Height, Acme, Apex, Apogee, Ascendancy, Orgasm, Pitch, Extremity, Head

Base, Foot, Anticlimax, Bottom

He got fame at the climax of his career.

Verb

To bring to a climax.

To come to a climax.

(पराकाष्ठा पर पहुंचना)

Accomplish, Achieve, Finish, Cap, Come, Conclude

Anger, Bear, Begin, Fail, Fall, Introduce, Create, Displease

Vijender Singh climaxed with his opponent in the boxing match.

Gallop

Verb

To progress fast.

To run fast.

To run rapidly by leaps like a horse.

(सरपट/ घोड़े की सरपट चाल)

Amble, Dart, Dash, Hurry, Lope, Trot, Career, Course, Fly, Hasten

Slow, Halt, Stay, Walk, Face

I sat on the horse and the horse started galloping.

Noun

A fast gait of the horse in which all four feet are off the ground at once.

A rapid rate of going.

(सरपट दौड़ना)

 

 

The gallop of our team towards the project completion was amazing.

Stun

Noun

The act of stunning.

The condition of being stunned.

The effect of something that stuns.

(अचेत)

Amaze, Astonish, Astound, Bemuse, Overcome, Overpower, Overwhelm, Bewilder, Confuse, Daze, Dumbfound, Flabbergast

Bore, Calm, Enlighten, Clarify, Expect, Explain, Surrender, Yield

He carried the defense materials like pepper spray and stun guns.

Verb

To make dizzy by a blow.

To shock with noise.

To overcome disbelief.

To shock.

(अचेत करना/ बहिरा करना/ घबड़ा देना/ चोट से अचेत करना)

-

-

Criticism of the movie stunned him.

Scare

Noun

A sudden fright.

A widespread state of alarm.

(अकारण भय/ हलचल)

Alarm, Panic, Shock, Alert, Fright, Start

Confidence, Calmness, Comfort, Ease, Security

The war scare  for three months kept us on the nerves.

Verb

To fill suddenly with fear.

To become frightened.

(डराना/ त्रासना/ डराकर भगाना/ डराकर उड़ाना)

Alarm, Awe, Daunt, Dismay, Intimidate, Paralyze, Startle, Terrorize, Petrify, Shock

Assist, Assure, Calm, Comfort, Encourage, Expect, Help, Incite, Please, Soothe

I got scared by the scorpion.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

Now people are taking pandemic less seriously than ever.

Rein

Noun

A leather strap attached to each end of the bridle, by which the rider controls the horse or other animals by pulling it.

A restraining influence.

Opportunity for unhindered activity.

(लगाम/ नियंत्रण/ बाग-डोर)

Curb, Bit, Deterrent, Brake, Guide, Check

Release

My wife gave full rein to her imagination while painting an African tribal art.

Verb

To curb or control.

To stop as if by pulling reins.

(रोकना/ संयम करना/ अधीन करना)

Curb, Repress, Restrict, Collect, Compose, Cool, halt, Suppress

Encourage, Continue, Free, Disperse, Scatter, Release

My colleague was unable to rein his impatience when his boss scolded him.

Dormancy

Noun

The quality of being dormant.

(निद्रा/ ऊंघ/ झपकी/ निष्क्रयता)

Inaction, Inactivity, Inertia, Latency, Quiescence, Suspension, Pattern, Suspense, Abeyance, Animation

Continuance, Continuation, Recommencement, Continuance, Animateness, Assiduity, Action, Activity

 

Some volcanoes erupt after a long period of dormancy.

Maraud

Verb

To roam in search of plunder.

To raid for plunder.

(विधान मंडल)

Despoil, Forage, Foray, Harass, Harry, Loot, Raid, Ransack

Aid, Assist, Guard, Help, Protect, Support

After the war, the countryside was marauded by the returning soldiers.

Improbable

Adjective

Unlikely to be true.

Not likely to happen.

(असंभव/ अनहीन/ बदमाशी/ धूर्तता)

Fanciful, Flimsy, Implausible, Rare, Unbelievable, Unlikely, Doubtful, Dubious

Believable, Likely, Ordinary, Plausible, Probable, Real, Ostensible, Possible

Your research findings make this theory improbable.

Bludgeoning 

Verb

Beat (someone) repeatedly with a bludgeon or other heavy object 

(पिटाई करना) 

Bully, Coerce, Frighten, Intimidate, Scare, Terrify, Terrorize

Assure, Calm, Comfort, Embolden, Encourage, Hearten, Help, Incite

The police is trying to find the person responsible for bludgeoning the Minister.

Bazball

Noun

(New term in cricket)

The term comes from England's new head coach's name, Brendon McCullum. The term is associated with someone equally stylish and fancy

 

 

 

Prosper

Verb

Succeed in material terms; be financially successful.

(संपत्ति प्राप्त करना)

Bloom, Blossom, Catch on, Flourish, Multiply, Thrive, Progress

Fail, Languish, Decline, Shrink, Shrivel, Wither, Decrease

India plans to prosper from free trade agreement with European Union.

Blighty

Adjective

An informal word for Britain.

A wound suffered by a soldier in the First World War.

(नुक़सान से)

Albion, Britannia

-

The Royal Navy is sailing towards old blighty.

Beckon

Verb

Make a gesture with the hand, arm, or head to encourage someone to come nearer or follow.

(इशारा करना)

Gesture, Signal, Wave, Motion, Call, Gesticulate

Repel, Turn off, Push, Deter, Reply

She beckoned me to back off from the fire.

 

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