The Hindu Vocabulary 5 July 2022

2022-07-05

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 5 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘In the political thicket: On Speaker election of Maharashtra Assembly.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Thicket

Noun

a dense group of bushes or trees.

something resembling a thicket in density or impenetrability

(घना जंगल)

 

Copse, Grove, Brake, Covert, Tangle, Clump

 

Thicket forest does not allow sunlight to penetrate.

Reveal

Verb

Make (previously unknown or secret information) known to others.

(प्रत्यक्ष करना)

Disclose, Display, Expose, Unveil, Exhibit, Manifest, Flash

Conceal, Secrete, Withhold, Bury, Cover

He revealed all our secret information to the rival company.

Partisan

Noun

A supporter of a person, cause or a group

(पक्षपाती)

Backer, Defender, Zealot, Follower

Adversary, Antagonist, Opponent

Some partisan people cannot accept dissent against their judgements.

Adjective

Prejudiced or blind adherence in favour of something.

(पक्षपातपूर्ण)

Biased, Partial, Prejudiced

Disinterested, Equal, Equitable, Objective

Partisan politics is not healthy for the growth of a nation.

Vacant

Adjective

Empty/ Unoccupied

(खाली)

Bare, Idle, Unemployed, Unfilled, Deserted, Unused

Busy, Used, Employed, Full, Populated, Aware

The office of Lokpal remained vacant for many months.

Facilitated

Verb

To assist the progress of

(सुविधा देना)

Aid, Ease, Expedite, Further, Help, Promote, Simplify

Block, Cease, Check, Delay, Hurt, Hinder, Halt

The program facilitated many emerging start-ups.

Cite

Verb

To call upon officially.

To quote with proof.

To refer to.

(उद्धृत करना/ अदालत में तलब करना)

Indicate, Mention, Name, Present, Call, Name, Order, Instance

Conceal, Take, Withhold, Deny, Ignore

We cited many credible sources in our project report.

Pendency

Noun

The state, condition, or period of being pending or awaiting settlement.

(लम्बित)

Unresolved, Undecided, Unsettled, Unconcluded, Uncertain

Resolved, Settled, Decided, Certain, Fixed, Sure

The pendency of court cases shows the need to fill vacancies in the judiciary.

Litigation

Noun

The process of taking legal action

(मुकदमेबाज़ी)

Action, Case, Dispute, Lawsuit, Prosecution

-

He filed litigation against my company.

Dispose

 

Verb

Get rid of it by throwing it away or giving or selling it to someone else.

(निपटाना)

Eject, Throw out, Get rid of, Trash, Discard, Abandon, Scrap, Destroy

Change, Comply, Keep, Save

I disposed of all of my old clothes.

Envisage

Verb

Contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event.

(विचार करना)

Foresee, Predict, Forecast, Foretell, Anticipate, Expect

Avoid, Neglect, Shun, Debar, Negate, Spurn

The government envisages inclusive development and growth for all.

Prerogative

Noun

A right or privilege exclusive to a particular individual or class.

(विशेषाधिकार)

Immunity, Prerequisite, Advantage, Birthright, Choice, Claim

Duty, Obligation

Some rights are prerogative of the members of Parliament.

Incumbent

Adjective

Necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.

(निर्भर)

Binding, obligatory, Compulsory, Necessary, Required

Optional, Voluntary, Discretionary, Elective, Free, Open

It is incumbent for the disaster response force to act quickly during an earthquake.

Noun

Officeholder

(पदधारी)

Occupant, Official

-

The incumbent assembly speaker asked members to vote on the bill.

Amend

Verb

To modify or change through a formal procedure.

(संशोधन)

Ameliorate, Better, Help, Perfect

Worsen, Bad, Lower, Harm

The President asked the Lok Sabha to amend the bill.

Erstwhile

Adjective

In the past.

(भूतपूर्व)

Once, Bygone, Ex, Late, Past, Preceding

Present, Future

My uncle is an erstwhile MP.

Dissident

Noun

A person who opposes the official policy, especially that of an authoritarian state.

(मतभेद करनेवाला)

Dissenter, Protestor, Disputant, Freethinker, Rebel, Agitator

Yes-man

A dissident was hanged in the open by a military regime.

Adjective

In opposition to official policy

(विरोधी)

Dissentient, Disagreeing, Opposed, Rebellious, Objecting, Protesting

Agreeing, Conforming

The dissident group attacked the minister’s vehicle during a rally.

Functionaries

Noun

A person who has to perform official functions or duties

(पदाधिकारी)

Official, Office-bearer, Public servant, Civil servant, Bureaucrat

-

The Prime Minister held an urgent meeting with the electoral functionaries.

 

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