The Hindu Vocabulary 4 July 2022

2022-07-04

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 4 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Wake-up call: On Manipur landslides’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Rescue

Verb

Save (someone) from a dangerous or distressing situation.

(बचाना)

Extricate, Liberate, Protect, Save, Free, Keep, Preserve

Give, Injure, Harm, Limit, Imprison, Spend

We rescued the children trapped inside the burning house.

Noun

An act of saving or being saved from danger or distress.

(बचाव)

Salvage, Relief, Exploit, Recovery

Failure, Danger, Peril

He came to my rescue with strong evidence against the accused.

Tragic

Adjective

Causing or characterized by extreme distress or sorrow.

(दुखद)

Disastrous, Calamitous, Catastrophic, Devastating, Terrible, Dreadful

Blessed, Calming, Cheerful, Comforting, Delightful, Encouraging

We witnessed a tragic accident on the highway.

Compounded

Verb

make up (a composite whole)

(चक्रवृद्धि)

Added, Augmented, Aggregated, Amplified, Duplicated

Decreased, Divided, Reduced

The destruction in the region was compounded due to occurrence of landslides along with the flood.

Inundate

Verb

Overwhelm (someone) with things or people to be dealt with.

A severe flood. (बाढ़ लाना)

Overwhelm, Flood, Flashflood, Deluge, Spate, Torrent, Submerge, Swamp

Underwhelm

The police was inundated with complaints from the people.

Many islands will be inundated by the end of this century due to global warming.

Welling up

Idiom

Of a container or vessel, to fill up (with liquid or an emotion) to the point of overflowing.

(बढ़ती करना)

Accumulate, Add to, Bloat, Amplify, Bulge, grow, Increase, Surge

Abridge, Decline, Lessen, Lose, Shrink, Drop

The water was welling up in the nearby river.

Breach

Noun

Violation of a law.

(उल्लंघन)

Crack, Rift, Rupture, Aperture

Noninfringement, Observance, Agreement

The violence at the rally was a breach of the peace agreement.

Verb

To break contrary to law or promise.

(उल्लंघन करना)

Break, Contravene, Fracture, Offend, Violate

Comply, Conform, Follow, Mind, Obey, Observe

One should avoid breaching the laws to live a peaceful life.

Inclement

Adjective

(of the weather) unpleasantly cold or wet.

(कठोर)

Cold, Harsh, Intemperate, Rigorous, Rough, Rugged

Clear, Mild, Nice, Sunny, Merciful

One should prepare for the inclement weather while travelling to snow-covered mountains.

Hamper

Verb

Restrict

(रोकना)

Block, Curb, Thwart, Frustrate

Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist

The indiscipline at the office has hampered the work.

Prone

Adjective

Likely or liable to suffer from, do, or experience something unpleasant or regrettable.

(प्रवृत्त)

Susceptible, Vulnerable, Liable, Inclined, Given

Resistant, Immune, Waterproof, Against, Anti

One should avoid buying a house in flood-prone areas.

Casualty

Noun

Accident

Blow, Calamity, Catastrophe, Disaster

Blessing, Happiness, Wonder, Miracle

There were many casualties reported in Assam due to the flood.

Acknowledge

Verb

Accept or admit the existence or truth of

Recognize the fact or importance or quality of.

(स्वीकार करना)

Admit, Accept, Grant, Confess, Appreciate

Decline, Deny, Disagree, Disapprove

My grandfather acknowledges my participation in agriculture.

Accompany

Verb

Go somewhere with (someone) as a companion or escort.

(साथ देना)

Attend, Escort, Follow, Guide, Lead, Chaperon, Conduct

Abandon, Disregard, Leave, Lose, Neglect

I was accompanied to the altar by my cousin.

Fragile

Adjective

Easily broken.

Capable of being damaged easily.

(नाजुक)

Delicate, Feeble, Frail, Fine

Infrangible, Strong, Tough, Unbreakable

The students were instructed not to touch the fragile items in the lab.

Corroborate

Verb

Confirm or give support to (a statement, theory, or finding).

(समर्थन करना)

Authenticate, Confirm, Justify, Substantiate, Validate, Verify

Disprove, Invalidate, Veto, Contradict, Deny

Ashok corroborated his friend’s statement regarding the last night.

Susceptible

Adjective

Likely or liable to be influenced or harmed by a particular thing.

(अतिसंवेदनशील)

Susceptive, Inclined, Disposed, Subject to, Prone

Immune, Resistant, Unaffected, Against, Anti

People who are not taking precautions are susceptible to getting infected with COVID-19.

Intense

Adjective

of extreme force, degree, or strength.

(तीव्र)

 

Acute, Bitter, Deep, Energetic, Excessive, Extraordinary, Extreme, Violent

Agreeable, Calm, Kind, Lazy, Low, Mild

He gave me intense look at the function.

Deploy

Verb

Move (troops or equipment) into position for military action.

(फैलाना)

Position, Send, Situate, Site, Locate, Arrange

Concentrate, Focus, Centre, Keep, Hold, Capture

The NDRF team has been deployed in the flood-affected areas.

 

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In the later Vedic period, the term "Bali" denoted