The Hindu Vocabulary 18 April 2022

2022-04-18

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 18 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘No easy way out: On the Rajapaksas.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Economic

Adjective


Justified in terms of profitability. (आर्थिक)

 

Budgetary, Financial, Commercial, Monetary, Productive, Profitable

-

To remain economic, the organisation should plan for expansion.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

The economic crisis in the country can be overcome by reducing imports.

Reeling

Adjective

Dizzy

(लड़खड़ाने वाला)

Befuddled, Bewildered, Blinded, Dazzled, Distracted, Puzzled

Aware, Clear, Heavy, Understanding

The reeling branch of the tree grew firm and straight.

Unrest

Noun

A disturbed or chaotic situation.

(अशांति)

Anarchy, Confusion, Discontent, Insurrection

Calm, Approval, Agreement, Harmony

Unrest in our neighbouring country is caused due to financial crisis.

Inevitable

Adjective

certain to happen; unavoidable

(अनिवार्य)

Unavoidable, Inescapable, Certain, Inexorable, Unpreventable

Avoidable, Uncertain, Needless, Preventable

It is inevitable to see One-horned rhinos in Kaziranga National Park.

Bailout

Noun

An act of giving financial assistance to a failing business or economy to save it from collapse.

(असफल व्यवसाय या अर्थव्यवस्था को इसे टूटने से बचाने के लिए वित्तीय सहायता देने का एक कार्य)

Aid, Backing, Assist, Boost, Sustenance

Blockage, Damage, Loss, Injury, Stoppage

The RBI gave another bailout for the private commercial bank.

Bilateral

Adjective

Involving both or two sides.

(द्विपक्षीय)

Mutual, Respective, Reciprocal

Multilateral, Unilateral

The bilateral talks regarding the free trade agreement are yet to come.

Devastated

Verb

Destroy or ruin.

(तबाह हो गया)

Destroy, Ruin, Wreck, Ravage

Safeguard, Protect, Shield, Guard

Kyiv city is devastated by continuous attacks.

Pre-emptive

Adjective

Serving or intended to pre-empt or forestall something, especially to prevent attack by disabling the enemy.

(अग्रकय)

Anticipate, Avert, Deter, Hinder

Aid, Allow, Assist, Permit

The pre-emptive efforts of Ukraine did not prove fruitful.

Resort

Noun

Habitual or general going.

Use of appeal for aid.

(मानदंड)

Chance, Course, Opportunity, Possibility, Rendezvous

Permanent

They resorted to reporting to Police about the accident before discussing it with me.

Attribute

Verb

Regard something as being caused by.

(जिम्मेदार ठहराया)

Ascribe, Assign, Accredit, Credit, Allot, Impute, Allocate

Withdraw, Take, Remove, Extract, Take out, Discontinue

His behaviour is attributed to his growing environment.

Regime

Noun

Leadership of organization

(शासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Reign

-

There can be a change in regime in Sri Lanka owing to the current crisis.

Shepherded

Verb

Guide or direct in a particular direction.

(किसी विशेष दिशा में मार्गदर्शन करना)

Guide, Conduct, Usher, Convoy, Steer, Lead, Take, Escort

-

The king was shepherded to the town hall.

Deficit

Noun

Shortage of something required

(घाटा)

Loss, Shortfall, Arrears, Default, Deficiency, Dues

Abundance, Adequacy, Advantage, Enough, Plenty

The fiscal deficit has crossed the projected mark this year.

Remittances

Noun

Transmission of money.

(भेजा हुआ धन)

Compensation, Consideration, Pay, Recompense

Receive

We will clear all your debts as soon as we receive the remittances.

Mooted

Adjective

Subject to debate, dispute, or uncertainty.

(विवादास्पद)

Debatable, Problematic, Unresolved, Unsettled, Suspect

Certain, Definite, Sure, Settled, Incontestable, Undeniable

These fights will become moot when you both will grow up.

Recession

Noun

A period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.

(मंदी)

Downturn, Depression, Slump, Slowdown, Trough, Stagnation

Increase, Success, Rise, Advance, Inflation

The government is trying to overcome the impacts of the recession on the economy.

Curtail

Verb

Reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on.

(कम करना)

Reduce, Cut, Cut down, Decrease, Lessen, Diminish, Retrench, Shrink

Increase, Lengthen, Surge, Rise, Grow, Enlarge

Due to the imposition of a national emergency, the rights of the citizens were curtailed.

Subsequently

Adverb

Later in time.

(इस के बाद)

Afterward, Later, After, Consequently

Earlier, Former, Prior

They were subsequently kicked out of the team after their poor performance.

Aggravated

Verb

Increase or strengthen.

(अधिक करना)

Intensify, Alleviate, Incite, Ignite

Assuage, Alleviate, Decrease, Abate

The pressure aggravated on us when we went out of stock.

Realisation

Noun

An act of becoming fully aware of something as a fact.

(अहसास)

Awareness, Understanding, Fulfilment, Awakening, Fulfilment

Failure, Ignorance

He has no realisation of what he has done.

Recovery

Noun

A return to a normal state of health, mind or strength

(वापस पाना)

Recuperation, Convalescence, Rehabilitation, Healing, Improvement

Deterioration, Relapse

We can see the signs of post-pandemic recovery in economic growth.

 

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