Small solace: on bypoll results - The Hindu Vocabulary 19 April 2022

2022-04-19

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 19 April 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Small solace: on bypoll results.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Solace

Verb

To comfort or cheer a person in sorrow or distress.

(सांत्वना देना/ धीरज देना/ आश्वासन)

Allay, Alleviate, Mitigate, Soften, Soothe, Comfort

Aggravate, Agitate, Hurt, Increase, Annoy, Depress

The parents solaced their son by taking him to shop.

 

Noun

Comfort in sorrow.

Something that gives comfort.

(सांत्वना/ धीरज)

Condolence, Alleviation, Assuagement, Consolation, Relief, Pity

Discord, Disharmony

Sometimes just your presence acts as a solace.

Bypoll

Noun

A special election held between regular elections.

(उपचुनाव)

By-election, Bye elections

-

Shatrughan Sinha has won the bypoll elections.

Glimmer

Verb

To shine faintly.

To appear indistinctly with a faintly luminous quality

(टिमटिमाना/ जगमगाना)

Flicker, Gleam, Glint, Glisten, Shimmer, Spangle, Sparkle, Twinkle

Dull

The streetlight glimmered when we looked from the hilltop.

Noun

A faint light.

A dim perception or faint idea.

(प्रभा/ चमक/ क्षीण प्रकाश)

Flicker, Ray, Gleam, Twinkle, Glint, Glow

Dullness

The glimmer of a distant star looks beautiful.

Adversary

Noun

One’s opponent in a contest.

A person or force that opposes or attacks.

(वैरी)

Antagonist, Attacker, Competitor, Enemy, Foe

Ally, Backer, Friend, Helper, Helpmate, Assistant

His adversaries made every effort to provide evidence to prove him guilty.

Adjective

Relating to an enemy or adversary.

Involving parties of opposite interests.

(विरोधी/ प्रतिपक्षी)

Adversarial, Antagonistic, Antipathetic, Hostile, Inimical, Negative

Friendly, Hospitable, Nonantagonistic, Nonhostile

The adversary dealings between the two nations have a long history.

Glean

Verb

To gather bit by bit.

To collect little by little slowly.

(बीनना)

Cull, Deduce, Extract, Garner, Learn, Conclude

Disperse, Plant, Dissipate, Divide

The information and secrets of our Universe are gleaned over the years.

Fag

Verb

To work hard.

To tire by hard work.

(थकना/ परिश्रम करना/ थक जाना)

Grub, Hump, Hustle, Slog, Cripple, Disable, Drain, Fatigue

Aid, Assist, Enable, Energize

He was fagged by a long drive for eight hours.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The entire regime is facing opposition because of inflation.

Fraught

Adjective

Full of something specified.

Filled or laden.

A situation filled with problems and risks.

(भरा हुआ/ लदा हुआ)

Charged, Abounding, Filled, Replete

Empty

The research paper was fraught with errors and consequently got rejected.

Incentive

Noun

Something that incites for greater effort.

(प्रोत्साहन/ उत्तेजना)

Encouragement, Enticement, Impetus, Motivation, Reason, Stimulus

Discouragement, Dislike, Prevention, Hindrance, Deterrent

My company gave me incentives for my dedication to the project.

Adjective

Inciting as to action.

(उत्तेजक/ उद्दीपक)

Stimulant, Provocative, Catalyser, Exhortation

Block, Hindrance

The owner’s appreciation acted as an incentive to the employee.

Mobilise

Verb

To put into movement.

To assemble and make ready for war.

Ready for Action

(गतिमान करना/ संगठित करना)

Marshal, Rally, Assemble, Prepare

Disorganize, Discourage, Disperse, Dissuade

India has been able to mobilise international support in favour of the removal of Article 370.

Adherent

Noun

A follower of a leader.

A believer of a particular idea.

(पक्षपाती/ अनुयायी/ पक्षी)

Backer, Believer, Devotee, Disciple 

Antagonist, Leader

The temple has many adherents.

Adjective

Bound by contract.

Sticking.

Able to adhere.

(पक्षपाती/ पालन करने में सक्षम)

Adhesive, Clingy, Gluey, Glutinous

Nonadhesive

The sticker is adherent to the surface.

Distress

Noun

Great pain or sorrow.

A state of danger.

A painful situation.

(संकट/ पीड़ा/ आपदा)

Ache, Affliction, Anguish, Anxiety, Calamity, Catastrophe, Crunch, Aggrieve, Agonize, Ail

Advantage, Aid, Blessing, Calm, Benefit, Appease, Assist, Assuage

She was in financial distress after the stock market crash.

Adjective

Involving distress goods.

Offered for sale at loss.

(घाटे में बेचने की पेशकश करना |)

-

-

He organized a distress sale.

Verb

To subject to great difficulties.

(बड़ी मुश्किलों का शिकार होना।)

-

-

You should not let the bad news distress your family.

Rumble

Noun

A low continuous noise.

(गड़गड़ाहट)

-

-

My sleep was disturbed by the rumble of a train.

Verb

To make a low rolling sound.

To speak in a low reverberating sound.

(गड़गड़ाना/ कुलबुलाना/ घरघराहट)

Resound, Boom, Grumble, Roar

-

The thunder rumbled in the distance.

Marginally

Adverb

By a minimal amount.

At a barely adequate level.

(मामूली/ सीमांत रूप से)

Lightly, Somewhat, Hardly, Borderline

Interior, Considerably, Greatly

The share market dropped marginally.

Beleaguered

Adjective

In a very tough situation.

Surrounded by military forces or overburdened by troubles.

(परेशान)

Abandoned, Blockaded, Close, Deserted, Hidden, Cloistered, Lonely, Quiet, Remote, Uninhabited

Extroverted, Open, Seen, Friendly, Inhabited, Sociable, Outgoing, Populated

The cities in Ukraine will be beleaguered economically after the war.

Turncoat

Noun

One who switches to an opposing party.

(संक्रांति काल/ मोड़ पर)

Defector, Informer, Judas, Apostate

Adherent

His followers now call him a turncoat.

Relegate

Verb

To send into exile.

To consign or commit.

To submit to someone for appropriate action.

(बाहर निकाल देना/ निर्वासित कर देना/ जलावतन करना)

Consign, Entrust, Confide, Refer, Accredit, Demote, Dismiss, Deport

Deny, Disapprove, Keep, Allow, Permit, Assume, Remain, Stay

The case has been relegated to the Joint Committee for review.

Triumph

Noun

A significant success.

A victory as if by military force.

(एक महत्वपूर्ण सफलता।)

Celebration, Joy, Pride, Elation

Sadness, Sorrow, Unhappiness, Failure

The BJP’s recent triumph in Uttar Pradesh proves its public acceptance.

Verb

To obtain victory.

To conquer.

(अभिभूत करना/ विजय)

Celebrate, Crow, Delight, Exult, Conquer, Dominate, Flourish, Overcome

Fail, Forfeit, Languish, Lose

BJP has finally triumphed UP in consequent elections and made a record.

Consolidate

Verb

To join together into one.

To make firm or secure.

(मजबूत/ समेकन करना/ समेकित करना)

Cement, Centralize, Concentrate, Develop, Fortify, Reinforce

Decrease, Discourage, Disperse, Dissuade

She consolidated her three startups into one.

Fragment

Noun

A part broken off.

An incomplete or isolated part.

(टुकड़ा)

Bit, Chunk, Hunk, Lump, Piece

Lot, Whole, Total

The plate broke into fragments and was lying all over the floor.

Verb

To break into pieces.

(टुकड़ों में तोड़ना)

Disintegrate, Rend, Rive, Burst, Crumble, Disunite, Break, Fracture

Combine, Fix, Join, Complete

He tried to fragment the wooden block.

Notwithstanding

Preposition

In spite of.

(भले ही)

Nevertheless, Nonetheless, Withal, After all

-

Notwithstanding the incentives and appraisal, many employees were unhappy.

Adverb

Nevertheless.

Anyway.

(इसके बावजूद)

Nevertheless, Nonetheless, Withal, Yet

-

You got late and missed the last entry into the restaurant, we will ask you to join our table notwithstanding.

Conjunction

In spite the fact that.

(हालांकि)

Although

-

Suresh was not on the list of best dealers, notwithstanding he has been a dealer for the last twenty-five years.

Dominance

Adjective

Having the property of transmitting light without considerable scattering.

Free from deceit.

Easily understood.

(प्रभाव/ प्राबल्य/ महत्व)

Control, Domination, Influence, Power

Impotence, Incapacity, Weakness, Powerlessness, Yielding, Submission

The dominance of my father was in the entire region for more than three decades.

Heartland

Adjective

Any central area of a state or nation.

The part of a region that is considered most important for the survival of the whole.

(गहरा पीछा/ किसी राज्य या राष्ट्र का कोई केंद्रीय क्षेत्र।)

Backwoods, Inland, Rural, Backwater, Backland, Boondocks, Contents, Heart

Border, Coastal, Exterior, Exteriority, Outside

We went to the nation’s heartland.

Resistance

Noun

The opposition offered by one thing to another.

(प्रतिरोध)

Battle, Defiance, Fight, Intransigence

Aid, Assistance, Help, Liberation

The resistance offered by my wife to my decisions is very hurtful.

 

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Question Of The Day

In given question two statements are given followed by two conclusion. Find which of the following conclusions follows:

Statement 1: P > Q  ≤  R

Statement 2: R = T < V

Conclusions:   I. Q < V      II. P ≤ T