The Hindu Vocabulary 8 September 2023

2023-09-08

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 8 September 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Building consensus: On the G-20 summit in Delhi, India’s presidency".

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Consensus

 Noun

A general agreement or opinion reached by a group.

(सामंजस्य)

Agreement, Unity, Harmony, Accord, Concurrence, Unanimity, Conformity, Unison, Consistency, Unanimous

Disagreement, Dissent, Discord, Conflict, Division, Disunity, Contradiction, Disapproval, Inconsistency, Divergence

The consensus among the team members was to proceed with the new project.

Fractious

 Adjective

Irritable, quarrelsome, or easily agitated; prone to causing disputes or conflicts.

(झगड़ालू)

Irritable, Argumentative, Testy, Cantankerous, Disputatious, Cross, Petulant, Tetchy, Touchy, Crabby

Calm, Peaceful, Amiable, Harmonious, Agreeable, Placid, Serene, Easygoing, Gentle, Cooperative

The fractious meeting ended with no clear resolution due to constant disagreements.

Gather

 Verb

To collect or bring together items, people, or information from various sources or locations.

(इकट्ठा करना)

Collect, Accumulate, Assemble, Amass, Compile, Round up, Convene, Aggregate, Cluster, Muster

Disperse, Scatter, Distribute, Spread, Disband, Separate, Dissipate, Break up, Disseminate, Sow

The family decided to gather for a reunion during the holidays.

Egalitarian

 Adjective

Believing in or advocating for the equality of all individuals, regardless of their social, economic, or political status.

(समानिता वादी)

Equalitarian, Democratic, Fair, Just, Impartial, Equitable, Even-handed, Unbiased, Non-discriminatory

Discriminatory, Biased, Unfair, Inequitable, Uneven, Partisan, Prejudiced, Unjust, Elitist, Hierarchical

He is an egalitarian who believes in equal opportunities for everyone, regardless of their background.

Hamstrung

 Verb

To have one's progress, ability, or effectiveness severely limited or hindered, often due to external factors or restrictions.

(प्रतिबंधित)

Hindered, Stymied, Restrained, Impeded, Obstructed, Handicapped, Crippled, Fettered, Constrained, Trammelled

Empowered, Enabled, Facilitated, Aided, Assisted, Unleashed, Freed, Liberated, Strengthened, Unshackled

The lack of funding hamstrung the project, preventing it from reaching its full potential.

Exacerbated

 Verb

Made a problem, situation, or feeling worse, more intense, or more severe.

(बिगड़ा)

Aggravated, Worsened, Intensified, Escalated, Heightened, Amplified, Irritated, Provoked, Enraged, Inflamed

Alleviated, Improved, Mitigated, Soothed, Eased, Relieved, Calmed, Pacified, Mollified, Assuaged

His constant complaints only exacerbated the tension in the office.

Imperative

 Adjective

Of vital importance; crucial; giving a command or instruction that must be obeyed.

(अत्यंत महत्वपूर्ण)

Critical, Vital, Essential, Crucial, Indispensable, Mandatory, Necessary, Paramount, Urgent, Pressing

Command, Order, Directive, Instruction, Mandate, Decree, Edict, Demand, Requirement, Dictum

The sergeant issued an imperative order to his troops.

Alleviation

 Noun

The act of making something less severe, painful, or intense; providing relief or easing a burden.

(राहत)

Relief, Mitigation, Easing, Soothing, Reduction, Palliation, Amelioration, Abatement, Subsiding, Diminution

Aggravation, Intensification, Worsening, Exacerbation, Escalation, Increase, Augmentation, Amplification, Heightening, Magnification

The medication provided much-needed alleviation from the patient's pain.

Splitting

 Noun

The act of breaking, separating, or dividing something into two or more parts; a sudden and loud cracking or bursting sound.

(विभाजन)

Dividing, Separating, Breaking, Cleaving, Fragmenting, Severing, Dissecting, Parting, Rending, Snapping

Joining, Combining, Unifying, Merging, Fusing, Connecting, Binding, Fastening, Welding, Consolidating

The splitting of the wood echoed through the quiet forest.

Tenuous

 Adjective

Very thin, weak, or insubstantial; lacking substance or strength.

(कमजोर)

Thin, Weak, Fragile, Delicate, Slender, Flimsy, Fine, Wispy, Slim, Frail

Thick, Strong, Robust, Substantial, Sturdy, Solid, Dense, Hefty, Bulky, Fat

The tenuous thread held the delicate ornament in place.

Amidst

 Preposition

In the middle of or surrounded by something; during a particular time or event.

(बीच में)

Amid, Among, Surrounded by, In the midst of, In the middle of, Betwixt, Encircled by, In the heart of, In the thick of, In the center of

Outside, Beyond, Away from, Without, Excluding, Far from, Apart from, Remote from, Absent from, Not including

Amidst the chaos of the city, they found a peaceful park to relax in.

Spoiler

 Noun

Something that reveals or gives away important information about the plot, ending, or outcome of a story, movie, or event, typically before it's experienced by others.

(खुलासा करने वाला)

Revealer, Leaker, Informant, Unveiler, Tipster, Discloser, Tattletale, Informer, Exposer, Whistleblower

Concealer, Protector, Preserver, Keeper, Guardian, Safeguard, Withholder, Secret-Keeper, Confider, Husher

Please don't be a spoiler and ruin the surprise ending of the movie for others.

Vitality

 Noun

The state of being strong, energetic, and full of life; the capacity for sustained physical or mental activity.

(जीवन शक्ति)

Energy, Vigor, Life, Liveliness, Vital Force, Pep, Zest, Animation, Dynamism, Spark

Lethargy, Fatigue, Inactivity, Apathy, Lifelessness, Torpor, Dullness, Weakness, Exhaustion, Listlessness

Her vitality and enthusiasm for her work were truly inspiring.

Democratise

 Verb

To make something accessible or available to all people, typically referring to a democratic process.

(लोकतंत्रीकृत)

Equalize, Enfranchise, Popularize, Liberalize, Universalize, Democratify, Open Up, Level the Playing Field, Empower, Broaden Access

Centralize, Monopolize, Restrict, Exclusivize, Privatize, Concentrate, Oppress

The government's goal was to democratize access to education for all citizens.

 

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Question Of The Day

India is divided into how many earthquake zones (seismic zones)? / भारत को कितने भूकंप क्षेत्रों (भूकंपीय क्षेत्र) में विभाजित किया गया है?  


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