The Hindu Vocabulary 20 July 2022

2022-07-20

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 20 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Cart before the horse: on bail law in India’.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Offence

Noun

a breach of a law or rule; an illegal act.

the action of attacking someone or something.

(अपराध)

Breach, Crime, Infraction, Misdeed, Sin, Transgression, Trespass, Violation

Good deed, Behaviour, Perfection, Obedience

He was charged a heavy fine for a petty offence.

Pronouncement

Adjective

A formal or authoritative announcement or declaration.

(कथन)

Announcement, Proclamation, Declaration, Assertion, Decree

Concealment

The pronouncement made by the judge was accepted by the lawyers.

Scope

Noun

the extent of the area or subject matter that something deals with or to which it is relevant.

(दायरा)

Breadth, Capacity, Extension, Opportunity, Outlook, Sphere, Purview

Extreme, Limitation, Restraint, Restriction

Before jumping on to launching a product, study its scope in the market.  

Hasty

Adjective

Speedy; Without much thought

(त्वरित)

 

Abrupt, Careless, Expeditious, Brisk, Swift, Urgent

Careful, Cautious, Kind, Leisurely, Slow, Sluggish

Your hasty food eating habits are not healthy.

Suspect

Noun

a person thought to be guilty of a crime or offense.

(संदिग्ध व्यक्ति)

 

 

Ravi was the prime suspect in the murder case.

Verb


have an idea or impression of the existence, presence, or truth of (something) without certain proof.

(संदेह करना)

Assume, Believe, Consider, Doubt, Presume, Speculate, Think, Wonder

Abstain, Disbelieve, Disregard, Ignore, Forget, Leave, Neglect

I suspect that the package was opened by someone before it got delivered.

Adjective

Not to be relied on or trusted

(संदिग्ध)

Open, Pseudo, Fishy, Incredible, Questionable, Shaky, Uncertain, Unsure, Dubious

Innocent, Known, Trusted, Trustworthy

A suspect suitcase was lying on the railway platform.

Prolonged

Verb

To lengthen out in time.

To extend the duration of something.

(बढ़ाना/ टालना)

Continue, Delay, Lengthen, Stretch, Perpetuate, Protract

Abbreviate, Expedite, Advance, Cease

Mr. Kang was suffering from a prolonged illness.  

Incarceration

Noun


The state of being confined in prison; imprisonment

(क़ैद कर देना)

Captivity, Confinement, Restraint

Freedom

The rates of incarceration have increased in India.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

It must be a constant reminder to any regime in power that public welfare should always be the priority.

Lamenting

Verb

a passionate expression of grief or sorrow.

(विलाप)

Wail, Wailing, Moan, Moaning, Groan, Weeping, Jeremiad, Bemoan

Contentment, Pleasure, Happiness, Satisfaction, Cheerfulness

My friend Hari kept lamenting over his breakup the whole night.

Indiscriminate

Adjective

Not discriminating.

Not kept apart or divided.

Not marked by careful distinction.

Thoughtless

(अविवेकी/ अंधाधुंध/ अविचारी/ अविचारपूर्ण)

Aimless, Extensive, Haphazard, Unplanned, Wholesale, Assorted, Imperceptive, Jumbled, Mingled, Broad

Planned, Discriminatory, Chosen, Critical, Definite

Her indiscriminate behaviour towards students led to her suspension.

Deny

Verb

To refuse or agree to.

(अस्वीकार करना)

Contradict, Disaffirm, Negate, Refute, Ban, Contradict

Accept, Allow, Approve, Ratify, Credit, Help, Permit, Own

He was denied the loan at the last moment.

Postpone

Verb

Cause or arrange for (something) to take place at a time later than that first scheduled.

(स्थगित करना)

Put off, Delay, Defer, Put back, Carry over, Reschedule, Adjourn, Stay

Advance, Continue, Expedite, Forward, Further, Hasten

Many hearings are postponed by a day due to the shortage of time.

Verdict

Noun

a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.

(निर्णय)

Judgement, Adjudication, Decision, Finding, Decision, Ruling

-

The court declared a verdict to introduce new bail rules.

Reiterate

Verb

Say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity.

(बार बार दुहराना)

Repeat, Restate, Retell, Recapitulate

Ignore, Avoid, Distract, Neglect

She reiterated her commitment to the progress of the company.

Constructive

Adjective

Having or intended to have a useful or beneficial purpose.

(रचनात्मक)

Beneficial, Useful, Positive, Helpful, Productive, Practical, Valuable

Destructive, Negative, Devastating, Disastrous, Catastrophic, Noxious

There is a need for constructive guidelines for digital news.

Adhere

Verb

closely follow, observe, or represent.

(पालन ​​करना)

Stick to, Hold, Stand by, Follow, Uphold, Support

Flout, Ignore, Neglect, Avoid, Defy, Scorn, Disdain

Shelly adhered to the norms of the company.

Accused

Noun

A person or group of people who are charged with or on trial for a crime.

(अपराधी ठहराया हुआ)

Defendant

-

The police did not mention the reason for the arrest of the accused.

Aspect

Noun

A particular status or phase in which something appears.

The side facing a given direction.

A particular appearance of the face.

(पहलू/ आकृति)

Attitude, Condition, Facet, Form, Phase, Prospect

Whole

Always look at the positive aspects of an event happening.

Underscore

Verb

to emphasize.

(ज़ोर देना)

Highlight, Spotlight, Stress, Weight, Accentuate, Prioritize

Understate, Play down, Downplay, Underrate

The minister underscored the need of reducing carbon emissions to save the world.

Tamper

Verb

interfere with (something) in order to cause damage or make unauthorized alterations.

(छेड़छाड़)

Interfere, Meddle, Tinker, Play around

Free, Relieve, Set Free, Release

The police tried to tamper with the evidence collected while investigating the case.

Moot

Adjective

Subject to debate, dispute, or uncertainty.

(विवादास्पद)

Debatable, Problematic, Unresolved, Unsettled, Suspect

Certain, Definite, Sure, Settled

Your support for the rivals is moot.

Verb


Raise (a question or topic) for discussion; suggest (an idea or possibility).

(बहस करना)

Raise, Bring up, Mention, Put forward, Introduce, Advance, Propose

-

They mooted over the government's decision to revise GST rates.

Streamline

Verb

Make (an organization or system) more efficient and effective by employing faster or simpler working methods.

(संगठित)

Efficient, Smooth, Organized, Slick

Inefficient, Ineffective, Inefficacious, Inept

The new rules have been released to streamline the process of filing ITR applications.

Glaring

Adjective

Highly obvious

(स्पष्ट)

Blatant, Conspicuous, Egregious, Noticeable, Gross

Concealed, Hidden, Secret, Inconspicuous, Mild

There is a glaring issue in the document prepared by you.

Giving out or reflecting a strong or dazzling light.

(चकाचौंधा)

Dazzling, Blinding, Blazing, Flourescent

Dark, Dull, Hidden, Plain

Her eyes were glaring with happiness.

Inconsistency

Noun

The fact or state of being inconsistent

(बेजोड़ता)

Unpredictability, Variability, Instability, Irregularity, Unevenness, Unsteadiness, Fickleness

Accord, Agreement, Alikeness, Conformity, Equality, Harmony

Due to his inconsistency in the performance, he was removed from the list of players going for the next match.

Unstated

Adjective

Not stated or declared

(अनकहा)

Implicit, Implied, Tacit, Inferred, Intimated, Mute, Silence

Explicit, Spoken, Stated

I understood his unstated intentions of quitting the job.

Overhaul

Verb

Analyse and improve.

(विश्लेषण और सुधार करें)

Mend, Rebuild, Re-establish, Enhance, Improve

Dwindle, Destroy, Disrupt, Diminish

The outdated law requires a complete overhaul.

Remand

Verb

Place (a defendant) on bail or in custody, especially when a trial is adjourned.

(जेल वापसी)

-

-

Shan is under police remand for the last two days.

Prosecutor

Noun

a person, especially a public official, who institutes legal proceedings against someone.

(अभियोक्ता)

Agent, Analyst, Inspector, Auditor

-

The prosecutor requested the honorable judge to decline the bail of the accused.

 

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