The Hindu Vocabulary 21 July 2022

2022-07-21

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 21 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A stinging indictment: on acquittal of Chhattisgarh tribals in 2017 ambush case’.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Indictment

Noun

a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime.

(कलंक)

Charge, Acquisition, Arraignment, Citation, Allegation

Acquittal, Absolution, Clearing, Exoneration, Discharge, Freeing

The indictment on Mr. Shah regarding the murder of SP is false.

Acquittal

Noun

A judgment that a person is not guilty of the crime with which the person has been charged.

(दोषमुक्ति)

Absolution, Clearing, Exoneration, Release, Freeing, Liberation

Hiring, Hold, Retention, Blame, Censure, Conviction, Sentence

It took a long time for the acquittal of Shivam despite he was granted bail.

Ambush

Noun

An instance of lying concealed or hidden so as to attack by surprise.

The concealed position from which a surprise attack is to be made.

An individual or group concealed for a surprise attack.

(घात)

Ambuscade, Camouflage, Concealment, Deception, Lurking, Pitfall, Shelter, Hiding

-

His name has been cleared by the agency in last year's ambush case.   

 

Verb

To attack by surprise from a hidden place.

(घात लगाना/ घातस्थान/ घात-टुकड़ी)

Assault, Surround, Trap, Waylay, Ambuscade, Assail, Bushwhack, Decoy

-

A CISF team was ambushed by the Maoists.

Scapegoat

Noun

a person who is blamed for the wrongdoings, mistakes, or faults of others, especially for reasons of expediency.

(बलि का बकरा)

Fall guy, Dupe, Fool, Chump, Victim

-

The director made the manager scapegoat in the corruption case.

Ploy

Noun

A cunning plan or action designed to turn a situation to one's own advantage.

(चाल)

Ruse, Tactic, Move, Scheme, Trick, Gambit, Maneuver

-

Russia’s ploy to attack Ukraine has negatively impacted its economy.

Evidence

Noun

Something that tends to prove or disprove something.

(सबूत)

Attestation, Confirmation, Proof, Substantiation

Disproof, Conceal, Hide, Obscure

I could not collect enough evidence to prove my innocence.

Proscribed

Verb

Condemn

(रोकना)

Forbid, Outlaw, Prohibit, Ban

Allow, Permit, Compliment, Approve

There are certain areas in the North-east region that are proscribed for the outsiders.

Utter

Verb

make (a sound) with one's voice.

(बोलना)

Articulate, Assert, Blurt, Deliver, Enunciate, Express, Mutter

Conceal, Mumble, Deny, Hide, Secrete, Suppress, Withhold

You should not utter a single word as I don’t want to hear you.

Adjective

complete; absolute.

(पूर्ण)

Pure, Sheer, Unmitigated, Blasted, Glooming, Complete

Indefinite, Uncertain, Mixed, Imperfect, Incomplete

It was an utter failure of our team that we could not deliver the product on time.

Massacre

Noun

An indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of many people.

(नरसंहार)

Murder, Slaughter, Killing, Carnage, Butchery, Bloodbath

Defense, Safety, Security, Certainty, Protection

It creates goosebumps whenever I read about the Jallianwalla Bagh massacre.

Prolonged

Verb

To lengthen out in time.

To extend the duration of something.

(बढ़ाना/ टालना)

Continue, Delay, Lengthen, Stretch, Perpetuate, Protract

Abbreviate, Expedite, Advance, Cease

Mrs. Young’s prolonged wait for her husband came to an end today.

Incarceration

Noun


The state of being confined in prison; imprisonment

(क़ैद कर देना)

Captivity, Confinement, Restraint

Freedom

Tarush could not believe that his incarceration has ended and will soon be free to go.

Upended

Verb

Set or turn (something) on its end or upside down.

(समाप्त कर देना)

Conclusion, Termination, Finish, Close, Resolution, Climax

Beginning, Start, Dawn, Birth, Inception, Conception, Origination

His workaholic nature has upended his wife’s life.

Dubious

Adjective

That may not be honest or safe

(संदेहास्‍पद)

Debatable, Unclear, Fishy, Arguable

Clear, Believable, Definite, Certain

The dubious sign was recognized by the manager.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

Never conflict with your elders, but put forth your point in a polite manner.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

There was a conflict among the team members regarding the new product.

Draconian

Adjective

excessively harsh and severe.

(निर्दय)

Cruel, Drastic, Oppressive, Brutal, Severe

Gentle, calm, Kind, Amenable, Temperate

The government has repealed many draconian laws.

Credence

Noun

Belief as to the truth of something

(प्रत्यय)

Admission, Assurance, Belief, Certainty

Denial, Disbelief, Doubt, Distrust

He lost his credence among the policymakers.

Apprehend

Verb

Understand

(अनुभव करना)
arrest (someone) for a crime.

(पकड़ना)

Believe, Catch, Absorb, Accept, Appreciate

Disregard, Exclude, Fail, Forget, Lose

The police apprehended the culprits involved in the hacking case.

Takeaway

Noun

a key fact, point, or idea to be remembered, typically one emerging from a discussion or meeting.

(एक चर्चा या बैठक से निकलता एक महत्वपूर्ण तथ्य, बिंदु, या विचार)

Outcome, Result, Upshot, Consequence, Gist, Payoff

-

The takeaway from today’s event is that we must walk carefully while crossing the road.

Ponder

Verb

think about (something) carefully, especially before making a decision or reaching a conclusion.

(विचार करना)

Consider, Contemplate, Deliberate, Evaluate, Examine, Mull, Cerebrate

Discard, Disregard, Ignore, Neglect, Forget

Ponder over the plan deeply before executing it.

Suspect

Noun

a person thought to be guilty of a crime or offense.

(संदिग्ध व्यक्ति)

 

 

The police arrested the suspects without a warrant.

Verb


have an idea or impression of the existence, presence, or truth of (something) without certain proof.

(संदेह करना)

Assume, Believe, Consider, Doubt, Presume, Speculate, Think, Wonder

Abstain, Disbelieve, Disregard, Ignore, Forget, Leave, Neglect

Ashima suspects something fishy about the behaviour portrayed by Arjun.

Adjective

Not to be relied on or trusted

(संदिग्ध)

Open, Pseudo, Fishy, Incredible, Questionable, Shaky, Uncertain, Unsure, Dubious

Innocent, Known, Trusted, Trustworthy

A suspect toy was lying in the green park.

Hapless

Adjective

(especially of a person) unfortunate.

(अभागी)

Unlucky, Woeful, Cursed, Jinxed, Loser, Miserable

Happy, Fortunate, Lucky, Fortitude, Well-off

The hapless team could not win a single match in the past four years.

Enforcement

Noun

The act of imposing upon some person.

(प्रवर्तन)

Administration, Application, Imposition, Prosecution

Abandon, Disregard, Forgetfulness, Neglect

The law enforcement agencies should be given more autonomy.

Insurgency

Noun

An active revolt or uprising.

(विद्रोह)

Rebel, Rise, Riot, Affinity, Violence

Amicable, Amiability, Friendly, Inhostile

The government needs to revamp its strategy to deal with the insurgency.

Disenchantment

Noun

A feeling of disappointment about someone or something you previously respected or admired; disillusionment.

(निराशा)

Disappointment, Disillusionment, Dissatisfaction, Discontent

Content, Satisfied, Pleased, Suffice

The villagers' disenchantment with the local MLA grew when the road project was left in the middle.

Uphold

Verb

To give support or defend.

(बरकरार रखा)

Confirm, Defend, Support, Back, Promote

Attack, Deny, Oppose, Protest

The court upheld the verdict of the lower court on the State of Punjab v/s Mr. Singh case.

Underpin

Verb

To replace or strengthen the foundation of

(सहारा देना)

Build, Construct, Depend, Derive

Demolish, Destroy, Dismantle, Raze

He underpinned the document with a video analysis of the project.

Harping

Verb


talk or write persistently and tediously on (a particular topic).

(गाना गाना)

Dwelling, Insisting, Belaboring, Persisting, Expounding

-

If you want to stay happy then don’t harp on about the past.

Tactical

Adjective

Of tactics, especially military or naval tactics.

Relating to manoeuvre or plan of action designed to gain the desired end.

Relating to tactics.

(सामरिक / कार्यनीतिक / फुरतीला/ तेज़बदस्त)

Diplomatic, Calculated, Clever, Cunning, Deliberate, Planned, Politic, Prudent

Impolitic, Imprudent, Inadvisable, Inexpedient, Injudicious, Unwise

The tactical move of the insurgents cost them heavily.

Legitimacy

Noun

conformity to the law or to rules.

(वैधता)

Legal, Legitimate, Lawful, Judicial

Illegal, Criminal, Unlawful, Illicit

The Maoists use tactics to question the legitimacy of the Indian state.

Typecasting

Verb

to cast (an actor or actress) in a part calling for the same characteristics as those possessed by the performer

(समान किरदार)

Classify, Assort, Group, Identify, Describe, Indicate, Mark

Confuse, Mix up

By typecasting innocent people we are helping the insurgents in promoting their propaganda.

Conflating

Verb


combine (two or more texts, ideas, etc.) into one.

(मिलाना)

Amalgamate, Consolidate, Converge, Fuse, Unify, Unite

Divide, Cleave, Separate, Dissolve, Part, Rupture

Urbanization conflates various economic, social and political issues.

Dissidence

Noun

Protest against official policy; dissent

(मतभेद)

Disagreement, Dissent, Disaccord, Discord, Discontent, Disapproval, Opposition

Agreement, Concurrence, Approval, Authorization, Friendship

There was dissidence all over the nation against the emergency.

Disaffection

Noun

A state or feeling of being dissatisfied, especially with people in authority or a system of control.

(असंतोष)

Dissatisfaction, Discontent, Restlessness, Frustration, Alienation, Mutiny

Contentment, Loyalty, Satisfaction, Content, Happiness, Pleasure

There is growing disaffection among the players with the BCCI functioning.

Grist

Noun

useful material, especially to back up an argument.

(उपयोगी सामग्री, विशेष रूप से एक तर्क का समर्थन करने के लिए)

Resources, Staple, Stock, Primal matter, Organic matter

-

You could not provide the appropriate grist for your involvement in the case.

Repressive

Adjective


(especially of a social or political system) inhibiting or restraining the freedom of a person or group of people.

(अत्याचारी)

Harsh, Cruel, Brutal, Crushing, Oppressive

Kind, Gentle, Humble, Generous

Chinese authorities have been enforcing repressive laws against Hong Kong.

Purposive

Adjective

having, serving, or done with a purpose.

(एकाग्र)

Calculated, Cautious, Deliberate, Intense, Persistent, Resolute, Determined

Irresolute, Weak, Thoughtless, Undetermined, Aimless

I launched a purposive project in Japan.

Reinforce

Verb

To strengthen.

To make more effective.

To strengthen by new additions.

(सुदृढ बनाना/ प्रबलित करना)

Bolster, Boost, Buttress, Enlarge, Corroborate, Substantiate, Support, Increase

Decrease, Diminish, Discourage, Hinder

The teacher asked us to reinforce new ideas for the solar project.

Denied

Verb

To refuse or agree to.

(अस्वीकार करना)

Contradict, Disaffirm, Negate, Refute, Ban, Contradict

Accept, Allow, Approve, Ratify, Credit, Help, Permit, Own

He was denied bail by the high court.

 

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In the later Vedic period, the term "Bali" denoted