The Hindu Vocabulary 13 July 2022

2022-07-13

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 13 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled "Change and continuity: On the Wimbledon titles of Djokovic and Rybakina.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Continuity

Noun

A smooth development.

Uninterrupted succession.

Something that is continuous.

The quality of being continuous.

The property of a continuous function mathematically.

The spoken part of a radio or television program that is served as an introductory or transitional part.

(निरंतरता/ संतति/ सातत्य/ अखंडता)

Cohesion, Constancy, Continuum, Durability, Persistence, Stability, Stamina, Survival, Unity, Chain, Connection

Apathy, Instability, Lethargy, Weakness, End, Break, Intermittence, Unsteadiness

Delays in the release of funds broke the continuity of the construction work.

Archetypal

Adjective

Having a nature of archetype or original model.

Typical of a certain kind or person.

(ठेठ/ मूल प्ररूप संबंधी/ मूल आदर्श-विषयक)

 

Quintessential, Stereotypical, Average, Classic, Exemplary, Hackneyed, Model, Conventional

Atypical, Unique

The archetypal evil stepdad of my friend was very rude towards him.

Peerless

Adjective

Having no equal.

Having no comparison.

Matchless or unrivaled.

(अद्वितीय/ बेजोड़/ बेमिसाल/ अतुल)

Unequaled, Unrivaled, Aces, Greatest, Incomparable, Matchless, Most, Alone, Excellent, Faultless, Unparalleled, Unsurpassable

Imperfect, Lowly, Mediocre, Secondary, Subordinate, Inferior

In the 100m race, he is peerless.

Devastate

Verb

To Destroy

(उजाड़ना)

Ravage, Raze, Ruin, Wreck, Desolate

Build, Construct, Help, Protect

The protesters devastated the President’s house.

Seize

Verb

To take possession of something.

To possess by force.

To grab forcibly.

To resort to a plan.

To grasp mentally.

To take hold of something.

(पकड़ना/ पकड़ लेना/ छीनना / रोक लगाना)

Catch, Snatch, Appropriate, Clasp, Ambush, Annex, Apprehend, Arrest

Free, Give, Loosen, Reject, Offer, Release, Surrender, Lose

The Government has seized control of illegal businesses running in the state.

Crucial

Adjective

Extremely important.

(महत्वपूर्ण)

Central, Decisive, Essential, Imperative

Inessential, Insignificant, Minor, Optional

How could you lose such a crucial deal?

Anticipate

Verb

To foresee.

To look forward to.

To nullify by taking countermeasures.

To expect something.

To perform an action before another has acted.

(पूर्वानुमान करना/ प्रत्याशा करना/ पहले ही विचार कर लेना) 

Await, Expect, Hope, Assume, Forecast, See, Visualize, Forestall, Prevent

Doubt, Surprised, Amazed, Allow, Forward

I never anticipated such a decision by the management.

Albeit

Conjunction

Even though

(हालांकि)

Although, Even if, Notwithstanding, Even though

-

Maldives is a beautiful destination, albeit expensive one.

Momentous

Adjective

Having a great importance.

Of great consequence.

(सब से अहम/ सब से महत्वपूर्ण/ प्रभावशाली/ महत्त्व का)

Consequential, Crucial, Decisive, Eventful, Fateful, Historic, Meaningful, Memorable, Pivotal, Significant, Weighty, Notable

Inconsequential, Insignificant, Meaningless, Ordinary, Trivial, Uneventful, Unimportant, Unnoteworthy

It is such a momentous day for me to finally get a job.

Tactical

Adjective

Of tactics, especially military or naval tactics.

Relating to manoeuvre or plan of action designed to gain the desired end.

Relating to tactics.

(सामरिक / कार्यनीतिक / फुरतीला/ तेज़बदस्त)

Diplomatic, Calculated, Clever, Cunning, Deliberate, Planned, Politic, Prudent

Impolitic, Imprudent, Inadvisable, Inexpedient, Injudicious, Unwise

The tactical moves taken by India in foreign diplomacy are very much appreciated by the critics.

Endurance

Noun

The ability to withstand hardship.

The act of enduring or suffering.

The ability or strength to continue.

Lasting quality.

The ability to bear pain.

The strength to withstand a difficult situation.

(सहनशीलता/ सहन/ सहन-शक्ति/ टिकाव)

Ability, Capacity, Courage, Fortitude, Grit, Mettle, Patience, Perseverance, Persistence, Stamina, Durability, Longevity

Apathy, Cowardice, Idleness, Impotence, Inability, Incomplete, Indifference, End, Finish, Surcease

As a sportsmen, you should work on the endurance.

Triumph

Noun

A significant success.

A victory as if by military force.

(एक महत्वपूर्ण सफलता।)

Celebration, Joy, Pride, Elation

Sadness, Sorrow, Unhappiness, Failure

The whole event resulted in a triumph of Eknath Shinde.

Verb

To obtain victory.

To conquer.

(अभिभूत करना/ विजय)

Celebrate, Crow, Delight, Exult, Conquer, Dominate, Flourish, Overcome

Fail, Forfeit, Languish, Lose

BJP has finally triumphed its rivals in many states.

Resurrect

Verb

To bring into life again.

To bring back into use.

(मरे हुए को जीवित करना)

Energize, Recover, Rekindle, Renovate

Destroy, Kill, Ruin, Agitate

The party was resurrected by the magical move of few leaders in the state of Maharashtra.

Galvanise

Noun

Shock something into action.

To startle into sudden activity.

(प्रेरित करना)

Arouse, Astonish, Energize, Excite, Frighten, Invigorate

Bore, Calm, Comfort, Dissuade, Compose

The CEO galvanised us by motivating through his speech in the Annual Day.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

Rahul ask me every day about my result despite knowing that I am not going to qualify.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

Even in their own despite, they are not going to stand up to their obligations.

Surpass

Verb

Outdo something or someone

(पार करना)

Beat, Exceed, Outpace, Outperform, Pass, Excel

Fail, Lose, Surrender, Fall Behind

USA surpassed Saudi Arabia as the third largest oil supplier.

Fortitude

Noun

Courage in pain or adversity.

(धैर्य)

Boldness, Bravery, Courage, Determination, Endurance, Fearlessness

Apathy, Cowardice, Timidity, Fear, Laziness

She endured her failure with great fortitude.

Covet

Verb

To desire wrongfully.

To desire what belongs to others.

(लालच/ ललचाना/ लोभ करना)

Crave, Desiderate, Desire, Dire, Lust, Envy, Begrudge, Want

Dislike, Abjure, Give, Hate

He coveted the post from the day his junior took it.

 

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