The Hindu Vocabulary 14 July 2022

2022-07-14

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 14 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Staying watchful: On inflation risks.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Watchful

Adjective

Watching someone or something closely; alert and vigilant.

(सावधान)

Observant, Alert, Vigilant, Attentive, Perceptive, Awake

Inattentive, Careless, Incautious, Negligent, Remiss, Forgetful

We need to stay watchful as we invested our capital in the stock market.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

There has been a slight decrease in food retail inflation in June 2022.

Undermine

Verb

lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.

(दुर्बल करना)

Subvert, Sabotage, Threaten, Weaken, Diminish

Push, Urge, Stimulate, Boost, Enhance, Improve, Strengthen

My boss undermined my contribution to the project by making Chavi the project head.

Macroeconomic

Noun

A study of economics in terms of whole systems especially with reference to general levels of output and income and to the interrelations among sectors of the economy.

(मैक्रोइकॉनॉमिक्स)

   

She is an expert in macroeconomics.

Concerted

Adjective

Jointly arranged, planned, or carried out; coordinated.

(सम्मिलित)

United, Combined, Planned, Prearranged, Joint, Collaborative, Mutual

Disarranged, Disordered, Separate, Uncoordinated

It is the first concerted international effort to resolve the economic crisis.

Albeit

Conjunction

Even though

(हालांकि)

Although, Even if, Notwithstanding, Even though

-

Mac’s cosmetic products are the best, albeit expensive ones.

Imperceptibly

Adverb

In a way that is so slight, gradual, or subtle as not to be perceived.

(अगोचर रूप से)

Afire, Aflame, Burning, Alight, Blazing, Fiery, Aroused, Enthusiastic, Fervent, Aglow, Brilliant, Flashing

Dark, Dull, Dim, Unexcited

My ears have grown imperceptibly wide.

Manifest

Verb

Show (a quality or feeling) by one's acts or appearance; demonstrate.

(प्रकट)

Display, Show, Present, Reveal, Evince

Hide, Conceal, Detain, Cover

Shefa manifested that she knows about everything.

Premature

Adjective

Occurring or done before the usual or proper time; too early.

(समयपूर्व)

Immature, Incomplete, Untimely, Forward, Abortive, Hasty, Rash, Impulsive

Delayed, Late, Mature, Prepared, Slow, Careful

Contaminated water can cause premature aging in marine animals.

Span

Verb

The full extent of something from end to end; the amount of space that something covers.

(अवधि)

Stretch over

Interval, Length, Period, Space, Spell, Stretch

Extreme

In a short span of her career, she scored more than 4000 runs.

Vigil

Noun

A period of keeping awake during the time usually spent asleep, especially to keep watch or pray.

(चौकसी)

Alertness, Attention, Awake, Observant, Watchful

Ignorant, Negligent, Avoiding, Shun, Spurn, Detached

My father kept vigil at my bedside the entire night to check if I was fine.

Tariff

Noun

Tax or fee

(प्रशुल्क)

Cost, Duty, Exercise, Levy, Price

-

The government will reduce tariffs on imports.

Precede

Verb

Come before (something) in time.

(पूर्व में होना)

Introduce, Prior, Before, Antecede

Follow, Succeed, Advance, Supersede, Prosper

Lightning always precedes the thundering sound.

Respite

Noun

A short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant. (विराम)

Break, Rest, Postponement, Delay, Interval, Intermission

Incessant, Continuous, Unbroken, Continual, Ceaseless

The pain killer can only give you a temporary respite.

Whopping

Adjective

Very large.

(भारी)

Huge, Massive, Enormous, Gigantic, Great

Insignificant, Tiny, Unimportant, Trivial, Trifling, Footling

The company had to pay a whopping amount as a penalty.

Decelerate

Verb

Reduce or cause to reduce in speed.

(धीमा करना)

Slow down, Drop, Delay, Diminish, Decrease, Descend

Accelerate, Intensify, Speed up, Stimulate, Promote, Expedite

The bus began to decelerate while going up the hills.

 

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