The Hindu Vocabulary 12 July 2022

2022-07-12

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 12 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Far apart: On Jaishankar-Wang Yi meeting on the sidelines of G20 summit.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Summit

Noun

The highest point.

A conference or meeting of diplomats.

(शिखर / शिखर सम्मेलन)

Acme, Apex, Apogee, Capstone

Base, Bottom, Nadir

G20 summit will be hosted by India next year.

Sideline

Noun

An activity done in addition to one’s main job.

(अप्रधान व्यवसाय)

Distraction, Diversion, Hobby, Moonlighting

Profession, Vocation, Work

The two leaders met each other on the sidelines of the ASEAN meeting.

Verb

To put out of action.

(कार्रवाई से बाहर करना)

-

-

I was sidelined by my seniors during the investigation.

Resolve

Verb

To reach a firm decision.

To make up one’s mind.

(समाधान करना)

Agree, Answer, Conclude, Fathom

Cowardice, Fear, Weakness, Question

India has pledged to resolve the boundary issues with its neighbour.

Noun

Fixity of a purpose or determination.

Purpose of intent.

(संकल्प)

Boldness, Courage, Firmness, Will

Hesitation, Irresolution, Vacillation, Indecision

The student came to a resolve that he will drop out of school.

Sustain

Verb

To make something continue for a long period of time without becoming less

(क़ायम रखना)

Continue, Defend, Assist, Preserve

Hinder, Hurt, Obstruct, Stop

It is important to sustain interest in a particular sport then only you will be able to excel in that.

Deployment

Noun

the action of bringing resources into effective action.

(संसाधनों को क्रियान्वित करना)

Action, Effect, Influence, Power, Working, Work

Ineffective, Unproductive, Worthless, Useless, Abortive

The quick deployment of troops near the border caused alarm among the troops on the other side.

Counterpart

Noun

A person resembling another person in function.

(समकक्ष)

Coequal, Compeer, Equal, Equivalent, Fellow, Like, Copy, Duplicate

Opposite

PM Modi met his French counterpart during his visit to Paris.

Engagement

Noun

A formal agreement to get married.

(सगाई)

Commitment, Obligation, Pact, Assurance

Breach, Break, Disagreement, Disengagement, Breakup

I skipped my brother’s engagement to attend my felicitation program.

Meeting

(निश्चित समय पर कुछ करने या कहीं जाने की व्यवस्था)

Appointment, Arrangement, Commitment, Gig, Date

-

We arranged an engagement for the diplomats at 5 PM.

A fight or battle between armed forces.

(लड़ाई)

Action, Conflict, Confrontation, Encounter

Calm, Peace, Retreat, Agreement, Surrender

The leader ordered to de-escalate the engagement at the border.

Commonalities

Noun

The state of sharing features or attributes

(समानताएं)

Communion, Mutual understanding, Congruity, Correspondence, Parallel, Resemblence, Similarity

Dissimilarity

There are commonalities in the culture of India and Nepal.

Reiterate

Verb

To say something again or several times, typically for emphasis or clarity.

(दोहराना/ बारम्बार दुहराना)

Repeat, Restate, Retell, Recapitulate, Echo, Renew, Ingeminate, Recap

Ignore, Avoid, Distract, Neglect

The Ministry reiterated its commitment to support the divyangjans financially.

Convey

Verb

Transport/ Express message

(बताना)

Communicate, Disclose, Impart, Pass on, Reveal, Send, Carry

Conceal, Cover, Suppress, Hide, Keep, Take, Withhold

The campaign was launched to convey the message of Swachh Sagar, Surakshit Sagar.

Normalcy

Noun

The condition of being normal.

(सामान्य स्थिति)

Normality, Ordinariness, Uniformity, Averageness

Speciality, Abnormal, Insanity, Disturbance

The two countries agreed to bring normalcy to their bilateral relations.

Contrary

Adjective

Opposite in nature, direction, or meaning.

(विपरीत)

Adverse, Antithetical, Conflicting, Contradictory, Discordant, Hostile, Inimical, Counter

Agreeable, Consistent, Friendly, Harmonious, Kind

The new rules are contrary to our educational values.

Prerequisite

Noun

A thing that is required as a prior condition for something else to happen or exist.

(शर्त)

Necessary condition, Precondition, Essential, Necessity, Requirement

Nonessential, Extra, Option

Being from a Science stream is not a prerequisite for this course.

Adjective

Required as a prior condition.

(पूर्वाकांक्षित)

 

Vital, Basic, Necessary, Essential, Required, Compulsory, Obligatory

Inessential, Secondary, Optional, Unnecessary, Voluntary

Some prerequisite skills are required to become an IAS officer.

Imminent

Adjective

Something that is about to happen very soon.

Likely to occur at any moment.

(करीब/ आसन्न/ निकटस्थ/ समुपस्थित)

Forthcoming, Immediate, Impending, Inevitable, Likely, Looming, Possible, Unavoidable

Avoidable, Distant, Unlikely, Escapable

The imminent response of the armed forces after the attack can’t be questioned.

Unwilingness

Noun

The quality of being unwilling to do something.

(अनिच्छा/ ग़ैर रजामंदी)

Aversion, Reluctance, Diffidence, Dissatisfaction, Distaste, Objection, Opposition, Resistance

Inclination, Willingness, Liking, Love

Ramesh showed an unwillingness to settle the property dispute.

Status quo

Noun

The existing state of affairs, especially regarding social or political issues.

(मौजूदा मामलों की स्थिति, विशेष रूप से सामाजिक या राजनीतिक मुद्दों के बारे में।)

-

-

The two countries decided to maintain the status quo on the boundary disputes.

Apparent

Adjective

clearly visible or understood; obvious.

(स्पष्ट)

Obvious, Plain, Evident, Visible

Doubtful, Unclear, Obscure, Unknown, Dubious

Our apparent goal to climb Mt. Everest will soon become a reality.

Stalemate

Noun

A drawn contest.

(गतिरोध)

Delay, Gridlock, Impasse, Arrest

Advance, Headway, Progress, Forward

The trade disputes between India and China seem to reach a stalemate.

Endure

Verb

suffer (something painful or difficult) patiently.

(सहना)

Face, Experience, Encounter, Feel, Suffer, Tolerate, Undergo

Disallow, Stop, Yield, Refuse, Hide, Halt

He could not endure the pain of his wife and therefore walked away.

 

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In the later Vedic period, the term "Bali" denoted