The Hindu Vocabulary 11 July 2022

2022-07-11

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 11 July 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘The uprising: on ongoing protests in Sri Lanka.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Uprise

Verb

To rise up.

To rise in revolt.

To move upward.

To come into existence.

To rise up in sound.

(बगावत करना / ऊँचा उठना ।/ विद्रोह में उठना ।/ ऊपर की ओर बढ़ना ।/ अस्तित्व में आना ।/ आवाज में उठना ।)

Arise, Ascend, Awake, Awaken, Climb, Rise, Scale, Stand, Increase

Deaden, Decline, Decrease, Lay, Lie, Descend

The students uprosed against the college administration.

Noun

An act of rising up.

An upward slope.

(ऊपर उठने की क्रिया ।/ एक ऊपर की ओर ढलान ।)

Acclivity, Ascent, Hill, Rise, Upgrade, Uphill

Declension, Decline, Declivity, Descent, Dip, Downgrade, downhill, Fall, Hang

The tribal uprising in Odisha shocked the British government for a while.

Wrath

Noun

Strong vengeful anger.

Vengeance or punishment as a result of anger.

Intense anger.

(निरंकुश/ मुक्त)

Acrimony, Asperity, Conniption, Dander, Huff, Indignation, Ire, Exasperation, Fury, Hate

Calm, Calmness, Delight, Ease, Glee, Happiness, Kindness, Liking, Pleasure

Your comments may incur the wrath of animal rights activists.

Pave

Verb

To lay or cover with some material like concrete.

To prepare a smooth and easy way.

(मार्ग बनाना/ पत्थर बैठाना/ फ़र्श लगाना)

Brick, Cobblestone, Flagstone, Gravel

Dig up, Strip

The road has been paved overnight.

Noun

A setting of precious stones placed so closely together that no metal shows.

A paved street.

(प्रशस्त/ नगीना जड़ना/ पक्का रास्ता/ पट्टियां या ईंट जडना/ फर्श बन्दी करना)

-

-

The FX brick pave is preferred by everyone these days.

Precipitous

Adjective

Very steep.

Sudden and dramatic.

Done suddenly and without careful consideration.

Extremely or impassably steep.

(तेज़/ शीघ्र/ सीधा/ बहुत ढालवाँ)

Abrupt, Dizzying, Sharp, Arduous, High, Perpendicular, Cursory, Rushed, Rash, Hasty

Calm, Flat, Gradual, Deliberate, Unhurried, Unrushed

The real estate industry has seen a precipitous decline.

Crescendo

Noun

The loudest point reached in a gradually increasing sound.

(स्वरोत्कर्ष)

Increase to climax

Escalation, Upsurge, Apex, Ascension, Culmination

Base, Decline, Bottom

I experienced a crescendo of excitement.

Verb

Increase in loudness or intensity

(तेज)

-

-

The protests in Sri Lanka has begun to crescendo.

Overrun

Noun

An act of overrunning.

The amount by which something overruns.

The exceeding amount.

An instance when something exceeds the expected limit.

(राशि से अधिक ।/ एक उदाहरण जब कुछ अपेक्षित सीमा से अधिक हो जाता है ।)

-

-

The overrun was 20% in yesterday’s output.

Verb

To invade.

To swarm over in great numbers.

To overflow.

To exceed the normal quantity.

To defeat decisively.

To go beyond normal limits.

To flow over.

(आक्रमण करना ।/ भारी संख्या में उमड़ना ।/ अतिप्रवाह करना।

सामान्य मात्रा से अधिक होना ।/ निर्णायक रूप से हराना ।/ सामान्य सीमा से परे जाना ।/ ऊपर बहना ।)

Massacre, Occupy, Overwhelm, Raid, Rout, Swamp, Lambaste, Trim, Whip, Clobber, Drub, Beset, Choke, Deluge, Inundate, Invade, Overflow, Overwhelm, Ravage

Underwhelm, Surrender, Retreat, Evacuate, Lose

His address at the hall overran the allotted time.

Boisterous

Adjective

Noisily turbulent.

Rough and Stormy.

(उद्दाम/ ऊष्मी/ प्रचण्ड/ प्रबल)

Clamorous, Strident, Effervescent, Unruly, Loud, Rambunctious, Raucous, Roisterous

Orderly, Calm, Quiet, Low, Moderate, Solemn

The crowd was boisterous and ill-mannered.

Ablaze

Adjective/ Adverb

Being on fire.

Gleaming with bright lights.

Excited and Eager.

Very angry.

(जलता हुआ / उत्तेजित/ प्रज्वलित/ दहकता हुआ/ प्रदीप्त)

Afire, Aflame, Burning, Alight, Blazing, Fiery, Aroused, Enthusiastic, Fervent, Aglow, Brilliant, Flashing

Dark, Dull, Dim, Unexcited

The team has set the waste ablaze.

Pacify

Verb

To bring to a state of peace.

To appease.

To reduce to a tranquil state.

To reduce to a submissive state.

(शांत करना / शांति लाना संतुष्ट करना/ मिलाप करना)

Allay, Ameliorate, Assuage, Mitigate, Mollify, Conciliate, Cool, Dulcify, Grease, Placate, Placid, Quell, Repress

Aggravate, Agitate, Incite, Intensify, Irritate, Provoke, Upset, Worry, Worsen, Anger

She was pacifying my crying child.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

A set of rules about food or exercise that some people follow in order to stay healthy.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

My wife was stunned by noticing that I have been following a strict exercise regime for over a month.

Utter

Verb

To give audible expression.

To express oneself in words.

To use the voice to talk.

(बोलना/ मुंह से उत्पन्न करना/ चलाना)

Articulate, Assert, Blurt, Deliver, Enunciate, Express, Mutter, Chime, Declaim, Recite

Conceal, Mumble, Deny, refrain, Hide, Secrete, Suppress, Withhold

She uttered my name while she was unconscious.

Adjective

Carried to the highest degree.

Complete or absolute.

(चरम/ निरा/ पूर्ण)

Pure, Sheer, Unmitigated, Blasted, Consummate, Perfect, Total, Arrant, Blooming, Thoroughgoing

Indefinite, Uncertain, Imperfect, Incomplete, Unfinished, Mixed

I was afraid in the jungle due to utter darkness.

Legitimacy

Noun

Conformity to the law or to rules.

(वैधता)

Legal, Legitimate, Lawful, Judicial

Illegal, Criminal, Unlawful, Illicit

The legitimacy of the company is in question because of the poor quality product.

Despite

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

He took the path of revenge despite knowing that it will end him in jail.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

I kept working at my relative’s company even after having a sense of despite in the office.

Vulnerable

Adjective

Open to attack or criticism.

Easily hurt or harmed physically.

(जो सहज में घायल हो सके)

Endangered, Liable, Open, Susceptible, Accessible

Insusceptible. Unexposed, Safe, Secure

This will be harmful to the vulnerable section of society.

Crucial

Adjective

Extremely important.

(महत्वपूर्ण)

Central, Decisive, Essential, Imperative

Inessential, Insignificant, Minor, Optional

Your findings were very crucial for further research in this field.

Ballot

Verb

To vote by ballot.

To select by ballot.

(मतपत्र से मतदान करना।/ मतपत्र द्वारा चयन करना।)

Elect

-

I have balloted against the Democratic Party candidate.

Noun

A sheet of paper on which a voter marks his vote.

The method of secret voting by means of printed ballots or by means of machines.

The practice of selecting a representative by voting.

(मतदान/ मतपत्र)

Election, Polling, Plebiscite, Poll, Referendum, Slate, Choice, Lineup

Disenfranchisement

The result of the ballot will be declared after two days.

Contingent

Adjective

Dependent on something not yet certain, for existence or occurrence.

Liable to happen or not.

Happening by chance.

Not logically necessary.

(आकस्मिक/ प्रासंगिक/ दस्ता/ सैन्यदल)

Unforeseen, Accidental, Chance, Dependent, Fluky, Fortuitous, Haphazard, Probable, Casual

Designed, Essential, Planned, Certain, Definite, Real

Our plan to go on a vacation is contingent on the availability of a train.

Noun

A representative group.

Any one of the representative groups forming an assemblage.

(श्रेणी)

Batch, Detachment, Body, Bunch, Deputation, Disciples, Mission, Quota

Individual, One

Mary Kom lead the Indian contingent.

Unsavoury

Adjective

Unpleasant in taste or smell.

Objectionable or distasteful.

(बेस्वाद/ फीका/ फीका/ फीका)

Distasteful, Nasty, Objectionable, Obnoxious, Dull, Flavourless, Gross, Icky, Shady, Unappetizing, Unpalatable

Agreeable, Appetizing, Delicious, Delightful, Good, Great, Kind, Nice, Palatable, Pleasant

Rajkumar has an unsavoury character.

Redound

Verb

To have a good or bad effect on someone or something.

To come back upon a person as an honour or disgrace.

(सहायता देना/ मदद करना/ सहायता करना/ मदद देना)

React, Resound, Reverberate, Return, Recoil

-

The controversies are most likely to redound to the movie’s benefit.

Exigency

Noun

An urgent need or demand.

The need to a circumstance.

A situation that demands prompt action.

A quality of being exigent.

(ज़रूरत / अत्यावश्यकता / अनिवार्य आवश्यकता / तत्कालिक आवश्यकता)

Contingency, Vicissitude, Acuteness, Constraint, Crisis, Fix, Hardship, Imperativeness, Jam, Dilemma

Advantage, Benefit, Blessing, Boon, Comfort, Ease, Good, Miracle, Calm

The political leaders must act promptly on the exigencies.

Impart

Verb

To communicate knowledge.

To give or convey.

To make known.

To grant a part or share.

(देना/ बताना/ भाग देना/ समाचार पहुंचाना)

Communicate, Convey, Transmit, Admit, Announce, Break, Disclose, Discover, Divulge, Accord, Bestow

Keep, Withhold, Cover, Conceal, Hide, Secret, Deny, Disallow, Disapprove, Hold

He imparted knowledge about taxation to his colleagues.

 

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