The Hindu Vocabulary 15 June 2022

2022-06-15

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 15 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Choosing sides: On intensifying rivalry between U.S. and China.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Intensify

Verb

To become more intense.

To make more acute.

To make stronger.

To increase the opacity using chemicals.

(तेज/ तीव्र बनाना/ घनीभूत करना/ घनिष्ठ बनाना)

Aggravate, Boost, Build up, Deepen, Enhance, Escalate

Decrease, Diminish, Discourage, Dull, Halt, Help

He intensified his search for a lost gold chain.

Rivalry

Noun

The competition between people or organizations who want the same things.

(विरोध / प्रतिद्वंद्विता / होड़ / विरोध)

Antagonism, Clash, Conflict, Jealousy, Matchup, Contest, Match, Strife, War, Warfare

Accord, Calm, Harmony, Agreement

Anyone could sense the rivalry among you two.

Geopolitical

Adjective

Relating to geopolitics.

(भू-राजनैतिक)

-

-

Ukraine is in a very difficult geopolitical situation in Europe.

Intention

Noun

A determination to act in a particular way.

The act of intending.

The purpose.

(इरादा/ आशय/ नीयत/ प्रयोजन)

Aim, Hope, Motive, Objective, Plan, Ambition, Target

Discouragement

I seriously doubt your intentions.

Weaponry

Noun

Weaponlike instruments collectively.

The science of designing weapons.

(हथियार/ अस्र/ असलह/ शस्र)

Ammunition, Arms, Hardware, Ordnance, Defense, Gun, Aegis, Armour, Barricade, Bastion

Harm, Hurt, Injury

The US Army possesses the latest high-tech weaponry.

Coercive

Adjective

Relating to or using force or threats.

(बलपूर्वक/ अनिवार्य/ प्रतिरोधी/ प्रतिरोधी)

Forceful, Vigorous, Powerful, Assertive, Harsh, Insistent, Pushing, Bullying, Violent

Weak, Soft, Subtle, Kind, Submissive, Feeble, Lame, Useless

Some nations often use coercive measures against the rebel groups but India tries to maintain peace and solve the issues peacefully.

Bilateral

Adjective

Involving two parties, especially countries.

Involving both or two sides.

(द्विपक्षीय)

Mutual, Reciprocal, Respective, Two-sided

Multilateral, Unilateral

We have entered into a bilateral agreement on security and economic grounds.

Counterpart

Noun

A person resembling another person in function.

(समकक्ष)

Coequal, Compeer, Equal, Equivalent, Fellow, Like, Copy, Duplicate

Opposite

The National Security Advisor met his European Countries’ counterparts.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

We have been in a financial crisis for so long.

Imminent

Adjective

Something that is about to happen very soon.

Likely to occur at any moment.

(करीब/ आसन्न/ निकटस्थ/ समुपस्थित)

Forthcoming, Immediate, Impending, Inevitable, Likely, Looming, Possible, Unavoidable

Avoidable, Distant, Unlikely, Escapable

We are waiting for his imminent arrival.

Resolution

Noun

A firm decision to do or not to do something.

(संकल्प/ प्रस्ताव)

The quality of being determined or resolute.

(दृढ़ निश्चयी या दृढ़ होने का गुण)

The action of solving a problem, dispute, or contentious matter.

(समाधान)

Determination, Intention, Purpose, Resolve, Pledge, Commitment, Undertaking

Indecision, Apathy, Irresolution, Flexibility, Condemnation, Denial, Origin

My sister and I took a resolution to go to the gym daily.

Fortify

Verb

To make strong by strengthening or securing a place.

To add mental or moral strength to someone.

To make strong.

To increase the effectiveness by adding ingredients.

To furnish with a means of resisting force.

To set up defensive works.

(दृढ़ करना/ मजबूत करना)

Brace, Buttress, Consolidate, Entrench, Protect, Reinforce, Secure, Invigorate, Energize, Restore, Strengthen

Harm, Hurt, Injure, Unfasten, Dishearten, Weaken, Bore

We fortify the fabric by adding nylon.

De-escalate

Noun

To reduce the level of a crisis.

To decrease in extent.

(उतरना)

Deactivate, Demilitarize, Demobilize, Disband, Neutralize, Occupy, Subdue, Conciliate

Aid, Allow, Cover, Assist, Capacitate, Incite

The US tried to de-escalate tensions between the two neighbouring countries.

Tussle

Noun

A rough phase or struggle.

(संघर्ष)

Battle, Clash, Combat, Fight, Brawl, Fray, Scuffle, Strife

Agree, Concur

The tussle for being the party chief is going on.

Verb

To struggle or fight roughly.

(जोरदार संघर्ष या हाथापाई में शामिल हों।)

Grapple, Rassle, Scuffle, Wrestle, Battle, Box, Brawl, Conflict

Harmonize, Peace

Shekhar tussled for the ball with the opponent.

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Question Of The Day

With reference to the “G20 Common Framework”, consider the following statements:

1. It is an initiative endorsed by the G20 together with the Paris Club.

2. It is an initiative to support Low Income Countries with unsustainable debt.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?