The Hindu Vocabulary 14 June 2022

2022-06-14

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 14 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Beyond the numbers: On the Rajya Sabha elections.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Dissension

Noun

Strong disagreement.

The difference in opinion.

(कलह/ मतभेद/ विरोध/ विचार-विभिन्नता)

Bickering, Controversy, Disagreement, Discord, Dissent, Disunity, Factionalism, Conflict

Agreement, Harmony, Unity, Approval, Peace, Conformity, Accord, Concordance

The incident has created dissension within our organization.

Conclude

Verb

To bring to an end.

To say in conclusion.

To finish.

To bring to an end with a particular action.

To bring about as a result.

To form a final judgment.

To arrive at an opinion.

(निष्कर्ष निकालना/ समापन करना/ समाप्त होना/ अंतिम रूप से तय करना)

Close, Complete, End, Finish, Terminate, Achieve, Halt, Make, Accomplish, Confirm, Decide

Begin, Commence, Inaugurate, Open, Start, Continue, Disbelieve, Disperse, Distribute, Divide, Destroy, Disprove, Fail, Hesitate

He concluded the meeting with his closing remarks.

Accompany

Verb

To go along in company.

To exist in an association.

To put in a company with.

To cause to be in association.

(साथ/ संगत करना/ सहचारी होना/ साथ चलना)

Attend, Escort, Follow, Guide, Lead, Chaperon, Conduct, Convoy, Escort, Add Characterize, Follow

Subtract, Desert, Leave, Abandon, Disregard, Lose, Neglect, Ignore, Succeed

Chris accompanied me to the party.

Sabotage

Verb

To injure by attacking.

(नुक़सान पहुंचाना/ गड़बड़ करना)

Cripple, Destroy, Disrupt, Hamper, Hinder, Obstruct, Subvert, Torpedo

Aid, Allow, Assist, Build, Create

The aircrafts sabotaged the enemy’s oil wells.

Noun

Destruction of employer’s property hindering the production by discontented workers.

An act tending to hurt.

Deliberate subversion.

(तोड़-फोड़)

Destruction, Disruption, Subversion, Treachery, Vandalism, Treason

Devotion, Loyalty, Faithfulness, Fidelity

I think the angry laborers were the ones who are responsible for the sabotage of our plant.

Emphasis

Noun

Special or extra importance given to the activity.

Special stress laid upon anything.

Something that is given great importance.

The intensity of expression.

(ज़ोर/ बल/ प्रमुखता/ ओजपूर्ण कथन)

Attention, Insistence, Intensity, Priority, Significance, Weight, Strength, Stress

Ignorance, Lethargy, Unimportance, Triviality

Our school has a reputation for an emphasis on sports.

Clamour

Noun

A large public outcry.

Noisy shouting.

A loud continuous noise.

(कोलाहल/ शोर)

Agitation, Buzz, Ferment, Noise

Calm, Peace, Silence, Order

There was a clamour of a waterfall at the hill and it increased as we moved towards it.

Verb

To shout loudly and make a public demand.

(शोर मचाना/ चिल्लाना/ धूम मचाना)

 

 

There was a strong movement and a lot of people clamoured for Donald Trump’s impeachment.

Reform

Noun

The improvement of what is wrong.

Removal of errors.

(सुधार/ दोषनिवृत्ति)

Improvement, Advancement, Change, Development

Decline, Decrease, Deterioration, Diminishment

The political reforms that the country has witnessed in the past decade have changed the view about elections.

Verb

To change into an improved form.

To put an end by enforcing a better course of action.

To become improved.

(सुधारना/ फिर से बनाना/ दोष हटाना/ सुधार करना)

Amend, Improve, Rebuild, Rehabilitate, Remake, Renovate, Reorganize, Resolve

Break, Damage, Destroy, Harm, Hurt, Injure, Ruin, Abandon

My son has been reformed after joining the cricket academy.

Adjective

Relating to favouring reforms.

(सुधारों में सहयोग करने वाला |)

-

-

The pro-reform leaders will have an edge in the upcoming elections.

Maneuver

Noun

A military movement.

Evasive movement or tactics.

An action taken to gain a tactical advantage.

(पैंतरेबाज़ी/ तिकड़म/ कुशलता/ कौशल)

Action, Gimmick, Manipulation, Measure, Movement, Plot, Ploy, Battle, Deployment, Drill, Exercise

Cessation, Inactivity, Ignorance, Inaction

Our pilots are known for their maneuvers.

Verb

To execute tactical movements.

To manage into a position.

To guide with adroitness.

(पैंतरेबाज़ी करना/ छल करना/ सेना अथवा जहाज़ों का स्थान बदलना/ चतुराई से साथ प्रबंध करना)

Exploit, Jockey, Manipulate, Navigate, Operate, Deploy, Negotiate, Swing

Destroy, Disorganize, Neglect, Forget, Discourage, Dissuade

The company maneuvered for weeks before the final attack.

Eat Humble Pie

Idiom

To admit that one was wrong.

To accept one’s mistakes forcefully.

(अपनी गलतियों को जबरदस्ती स्वीकार करना।)

-

-

The scamsters had to eat the humble pie when they saw all the evidence in the court.

Alliance

Noun

A union between people, groups, countries, etc.

The act of allying to someone.

A formal agreement between two or more nations for a specific purpose.

(गठबंधन/ संधि)

Accord, Compact, Convention, Pact, Affiliation, Affinity, Betrothal, Coalition

Antagonism, Divorce, Detachment, Disconnection

EdTech is an alliance between Technology and Education.

Tripartite

Adjective

Divide into three parts.

Involving three parties.

(त्रिपक्षीय)

Ternary, Third, Treble, Trilateral, Trinitarian

-

We executed a tripartite agreement between us, the bank, and the builder.

Murmur

Noun

A low indistinct but continuous sound.

A soft or gentle utterance.

A mumbled expression of discontent.

(बड़बड़ाहट/ गुनगुनाहट/ मंद ध्वनी/ असंतोष की ध्वनी)

Buzz, Hum, Muttering, Rumble, Whisper, Babble

Quiet

He got irritated by the murmur of the crowd.

Verb

To make a murmur.

To make a low indistinct sound.

To utter in a low tone.

(कुड़कुड़ाना/ असंतोष प्रकट करना/ बड़बड़ाना/ बुदबुदाना)

Babble, Burble, Growl, Gurgle, Hum, Moan, Mumble, Mutter, Purr

Speak clearly, Be quiet

He murmured something about personal loans.

Discontent

Noun

A desire for something that someone does not have.

A sense of grievance.

One who is dissatisfied.

(असंतोष/ असंतुष्ट/ नाराज़गी/ चिढ़)

Displeasure, Regret, Restlessness, Uneasiness, Unhappiness

Calm, Satisfaction, Contentedness, Happiness

There are reports about widespread discontent among the leaders of the ruling party.

Verb

To make discontented.

(असंतुष्ट करना)

Disaffect, Disgruntle, Displease, Dissatisfy

Content, Gratify, Please, Satisfy

He felt discontented about the lack of decent food.

Adjective

Dissatisfied.

(असंतुष्ट/ नाराज़/ तंग किया हुआ/ खिजलाया हुआ)

Aggrieved, Discontented, Disgruntled, Displeased

Content, Contented, Gratified, Pleased, Satisfied

He wrote a novel about a woman who is desperately discontent with her small-town life.

Disgruntled

Adjective

Angry or dissatisfied.

(असंतुष्ट/ नाराज़/ चिड़चिड़ा/ क्रोधी)

Annoyed, Irritated, Testy, Disappointed, Grousing

Contented, Happy, Satisfied, Pleased

Her disgruntled brother refused my help.

Reinforce

Verb

To strengthen.

To make more effective.

To strengthen by new additions.

(सुदृढ बनाना/ प्रबलित करना)

Bolster, Boost, Buttress, Enlarge, Corroborate, Substantiate, Support, Increase

Decrease, Diminish, Discourage, Hinder

The Chief Minister has ordered to reinforce efforts to stop the violence.

Noun

Something that reinforces.

(कुछ ऐसा जो पुष्ट करता है)

 

 

The new leader from the opposition party who is joining is a reinforce to us.

Feud

 

Noun

A quarrel.

A mutual prolonged quarrel.

(झगड़ा / सामंत/ चिरस्थायी कलह/ सांघातिक विरोध)

Altercation, Dissension, Enmity, Fight, Fracas, Bickering, Conflict, Discord

Accord, Agreement, Calm, Concord

Our family feud has been started by our great-great-grandfather.

Verb

To engage in a feud.

To take part in a prolonged quarrel.

(झगड़े में शामिल होना)

Bicker, Clash, Quarrel, Squabble, Dispute, Brawl

Agree, Socialize, Peace

The two groups have feuded for years now.

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Question Of The Day

With reference to the “G20 Common Framework”, consider the following statements:

1. It is an initiative endorsed by the G20 together with the Paris Club.

2. It is an initiative to support Low Income Countries with unsustainable debt.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?