The Hindu Vocabulary 2 June 2022

2022-06-02

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 2 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Caution first: On the Aadhaar advisory.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Caution

Noun

Alertness and prudence in a hazardous situation to minimize risk.

A person or thing that astonishes apprehension.

Care taken to avoid danger.

A warning against danger.

(चेतावनी/ सावधानी/सतर्कता/ एहतियात)

Attention, Care, Discretion, Foresight, Advice, Caveat, Counsel, Gingerliness

Carelessness, Indiscretion, Neglect, Disregard, Ignorance, Heedlessness, Imprudence

One need to stay alert and drive with caution on expressways.

Verb

To give a warning to someone to be careful.

(चेतावनी देना/ सजग करना/ सचेत करना/ आगाह करना)

Admonish, Alert, Exhort, Forewarn

Imperil, Risk

The Britishers cautioned Indians against protest during pre-independence era.

Advisory

Noun

A report on predicted conditions.

A report giving information recommending action to be taken.

(एक आधिकारिक घोषणा)

-

-

A weather advisory against storm has been released.

Adjective

Giving advice.

Having the power to advise.

(परामर्श देने की क्षमता)

Counseling, Helping, Consultative, Advising

-

The advisory council is going to submit report on Tuesday.

Evident

Adjective

Plain or clear to understand.

(प्रत्यक्ष/ सुस्पष्ट)

Conspicuous, Indisputable, Noticeable, Obvious, Ostensible, Reputed

Concealed, Doubtful, Dubious, Hidden

The rivalry among the brothers is quite evident to the relatives.

Missionary

Noun

A person who believes in a certain set of principles and attempts to make others follow the same.

(प्रचारक)

Clergy, Evangelist, Pastor, Preacher

-

Jacob has been working as a missionary of the Baptist church.

Notification

Noun

A formal information.

A written matter that gives notice.

The act of notifying.

(अधिसूचना)

Advert, Announcement, Bulletin, Notice, Posting, Proclamation, Warning

Quiet

Send me a notification once you receive the payment.

Downplay

Verb

To make something appear less important than it actually is.

(किसी चीज़ को वास्तव में जितना है उससे कम महत्वपूर्ण दिखाना।)

De-emphasize, Play down, Soft-pedal, Lessen, Soften, Devalue

Emphasize

He downplayed his injury so that he stays in the team.

Reveal

Noun

An instance of disclosure.

A part of the window or door opening between the outer wall surface and the window or door frame.

(प्रकट करना)

-

-

After the reveal of the new model, there were millions of advanced bookings.

Verb

To make some secret publicly known.

To display.

(प्रकट करना/ प्रत्यक्ष करना/ प्रकट कर देना/ उद्घाटित करना)

Acknowledge, Admit, Affirm, Announce, Concede, Confess, Declare, Divulge

Conceal, Contradict, Deny, Disavow

Matthew revealed all our secrets.

Rife

Adjective

Prevalent especially to an increasing degree.

Of frequent occurrence.

Current in speech.

Abundant or numerous.

(व्याप्त/ प्रचलित/ फैला हुआ/ प्रचण्ड)

Abundant, Alive, Plentiful, Popular, Prevalent, Rampant

Limited, Uncommon, Low, Scarce

The underdeveloped nations are rife with crime and corruption.

Ambivalent

Adjective

Having mixed feelings about something.

Showing contradictory attitudes toward something or someone.

(उभयभावी/ द्वैधवृत्तिक)

Contradictory, Doubtful, Equivocal, Hesitant

Certain, Determined, Clear, Decided, Definite

She remained ambivalent about her marriage.

Indiscriminate

Adjective

Not discriminating.

Not kept apart or divided.

Not marked by careful distinction.

Thoughtless

(अविवेकी/ अंधाधुंध/ अविचारी/ अविचारपूर्ण)

Aimless, Extensive, Haphazard, Unplanned, Wholesale, Assorted, Imperceptive, Jumbled, Mingled, Broad

Planned, Discriminatory, Chosen, Critical, Definite

We were against the indiscriminate use o pesticides.

Flip-flop

Noun

A backward somersault.

An electronic circuit having two stable conditions.

A sudden or unexpected reversal of attitude or policy.

Open shoes which are held on your feet by a strap that goes between your toes.

(रवैया या नीति का अचानक या अप्रत्याशित उलट।)

Reversal, Turnabout, Turnaround, Volte-face

-

The flip-flops that my mother bought for me were very comfortable.

 

Verb

To make a sudden or unexpected reversal.

(अचानक या अप्रत्याशित उलटफेर करना।)

Equivocate, Fudge, Hedge, Pussyfoot, Dodge, Elude, Eschew, Skirt

-

The opposition accused the Prime Minister of flip-flopping on some issues.

Enforcement

Noun

To enforce.

The act of compelling observance of a law or rule.

(प्रवर्तन/ लागू करना/ लागू होना/ बाध्य करना)

Administration, Application, Imposition, Prosecution, Coercion, Compulsion

Abandon, Forgetfulness, Neglect, Disregard

The strict enforcement of regulations is required to save the environment.

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