The Hindu Vocabulary 13 October 2023

2023-10-13

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 13 October 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Central point: On the Madhya Pradesh Assembly polls."

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Mobilization

Noun

The act of preparing and organizing resources, such as troops, equipment, or people, for a specific purpose or task, often related to military or emergency readiness.

(संचालन)

Deployment, Organization, Activation, Preparation, Readiness, Assembly, Arrangement, Recruitment, Conduction, Management

Demobilization, Disbandment, Deactivation, Dispersal, Disorganization, Breakdown, Inactivity, Standstill, Inaction, Stagnation

The mobilization of volunteers was crucial in responding to the disaster.

Defection

Noun

The act of abandoning or renouncing one's loyalty, allegiance, or membership in a group or organization, often to join a different one.

(दल-विभाजन)

Desertion, Betrayal, Abandonment, Apostasy, Renunciation, Rebellion, Revolt, Treason, Secession, Forsaking

Loyalty, Allegiance, Adherence, Fidelity, Faithfulness, Devotion, Staunchness, Commitment, Dedication, Constancy

The defector provided valuable information about the enemy's plans.

Usurp

Verb

To seize or take over something, especially power, authority, or a position, often unlawfully or forcefully.

(हड़पना)

Seize, Appropriate, Confiscate, Taken Overtook, Commandeer, Expropriate

Surrender, Relinquish, Abandon, Yield

The ambitious General usurped the throne, leading to a coup in the kingdom.

Anti-incumbency

Noun

The sentiment or public dissatisfaction with the current government or incumbent officials, often leading to their defeat in elections.

(विरोधी लहर)

Public Discontent, Dissatisfaction, Electoral Backlash, Unpopularity

Pro-incumbency, Support, Approval, Popularity, Acclamation, Endorsement, Admiration, Favour, Backing, Approbation

The election results reflected a strong wave of anti-incumbency, leading to a change in leadership.

Accumulate

Verb

To gather or collect a large quantity of something over time.

(जमा करना)

Amass, Gather, Collect, Hoard, Stockpile, Accrue, Aggregate, Pile Up, Build Up, Cumulate

Disperse, Distribute, Scatter, Deplete, Spend, Squander, Dissipate, Separate, Spread, Divert

She had a habit of accumulating books and soon her shelves were filled to capacity.

Betting

Noun

Placing money or wagers on the outcome of an event, often involving uncertainty, in the hope of winning more money.

(सट्टा)

Gambling, Wagering, Gaming, Betting, Staking, Speculation, Punting, Risking, Ante, Pecuniary

Abstaining, Refraining, Avoiding, Eschewing, Non-gambling, Non-wagering, Non-betting, Non-speculation, Non-staking, Non-risking

He enjoyed betting on horse races as a form of entertainment.

Fatigue

Noun

Extreme physical or mental tiredness resulting from exertion or prolonged stress.

(थकान)

Exhaustion, Weariness, Tiredness, Lethargy, Wear and Tear, Enervation, Depletion, Burnout, Drained, Weary

Vitality, Energy, Vigor, Strength, Refreshment, Rejuvenation, Invigoration, Rest, Resilience, Zest

After a long day at work, she felt a deep sense of fatigue and just wanted to rest.

Defer

Verb

To postpone or delay something to a later time.

(टालना)

Postpone, Delay, Put off, Adjourn, Reschedule, Procrastinate, Shelve, Temporize, Suspend, Hold over

Expedite, Advance, Hasten, Accelerate, Push forward, Speed up, Quicken, Rush, Shorten, Precipitate

Due to unexpected circumstances, they had to defer their meeting to the following week.

Enthusiasm

Noun

Intense and eager enjoyment, interest, or approval.

(उत्साह)

Zeal, Eagerness, Passion, Excitement, Fervor, Ardor, Fervency, Keenness, Gusto, Vigor

Apathy, Indifference, Boredom, Lethargy, Weariness, Disinterest, Aversion, Languor, Tedium, Lack of enthusiasm

Her enthusiasm for the project was contagious and motivated the whole team to work with passion.

Heft

Noun

The weight or heaviness of something, especially when considered in relation to its size.

(भार)

Weight, Mass, Bulk, Heaviness, Load, Burden, Pressure, Gravity, Substance, Importance

Lightness, Littleness, Levity, Insignificance, Triviality, Negligibility, Unimportance, Feathery, Insignificancy, Lack of heft

The heft of the suitcase made it difficult to carry up the stairs.

Plunge

Verb

To jump or dive quickly and energetically into something, often a body of water. It can also mean to fall or drop suddenly and steeply.

(डुबकी)

Dive, Jump, Submerge, Plunk, Immerse, Duck, Descend, Swoop, Nose-dive, Sink

Rise, Ascend, Climb, Ascension, Soar, Ascendancy, Ascendence, Uprising, Climbing, Emerge

She decided to take the plunge and go skydiving for the first time.

Considerable

Adjective

Large in size, amount, or degree; significant or noteworthy.

(महत्वपूर्ण)

Substantial, Significant, Sizeable, Abundant, Ample, Copious, Extensive, Sizable, Notable, Important

Insignificant, Negligible, Tiny, Trivial, Minor, Meager, Inconsiderable, Paltry, Frivolous, Unimportant

The project required a considerable amount of time and resources to complete.

Instinctively

Adverb

In a way that is natural and untaught; without conscious thought or reasoning.

(स्वाभाविक रूप से)

Intuitively, Spontaneously, Unconsciously, Automatically, Reflexively, Innately, Natively, Inherently, Instinctually, Involuntarily

Deliberately, Rationally, Consciously, Willfully, Purposefully, Calculatingly, Thoughtfully, Mindfully, Cognitively, Considerately

She instinctively reached out to catch the falling glass before it shattered on the floor

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Question Of The Day

Who among the following was the first Finance Minister of Independent India? / इनमें से कौन स्वतंत्र भारत के पहले वित्त मंत्री थे?


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