The Hindu Vocabulary 9 March 2023

2023-03-09

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 9 March 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Challenge of change: On the realities in Iran and the need for reforms.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Reform

Noun

The action or process of reforming an institution or practice.

(सुधार)

Improvement, Betterment, Amelioration, Refinement, Change

-

He suggested many reforms be made to the existing laws.

Verb

Make changes in (something, typically a social, political, or economic institution or practice) to improve it.

(सुधार करना)

Amend, Improve, Rebuild, Rehabilitate, Remake, Renovate

Break, Damage, Destroy, Ruin, Harm, Hurt

My father has reformed many meaningless traditions.

De facto 

Adverb

In fact.

Actually existing, especially when without lawful authority.

(वास्तव में/ असल में) 

Existing, Actual, Actually, Genuinely, Real 

-

He has become the Minister de facto.

Adjective

Exercising power as if legally constituted.

(शक्ति का प्रयोग करना मानो कानूनी रूप से गठित हो।) 

Existing, Actual, Factual, Real 

Potential, Ideal, Suppositional, Alleged 

Kailash is the de facto head of state.

Incident

Noun

An event or occurrence

(घटना)

Circumstance, Episode, Fact, Scene, Event, Adventure

-

The recent incident has shown that you cannot trust even your close ones.

Adjective

Likely to happen because of; resulting from.

(विशेष रूप से एक मामूली परिणाम के रूप में होने की संभावना)

Accompanying, Attending, Concomitant

Asynchronous, Non-Synchronous, Nonsimultaneous

The court allowed the use of strategy in cyber-incident investigations.

Trigger

Verb

Cause to happen

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bring about, Generate, Cause, Provoke

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

The riots were triggered by communal slogans.

Infamous

Adjective

Well-known for something bad.

Having an extremely bad reputation or image.

(बदनाम/ कुख्यात)

Disgraceful, Egregious, Hateful, Heinous

Honourable, Prestigious, Moral, Esteemed

He is an infamous traitor.

Extremist

Noun

If someone is described as extremist, they are being disapproved of, because they try to bring political change by extreme methods. (चरमपंथी)

Fanatic, Zealot, Radical, Revolutionary

Moderate

He is a supporter of extremists in the valley.

Prompt

Noun

An act of encouraging

Hint

(संकेत देना)

Cue, Help, Prod, Reminder, Mnemonic

Hindrance

The QR code was a prompt to make payments faster.

Verb

(of an event or fact) cause or bring about (an action or feeling).

(प्रेरित करना)

Cause, Lead to, Produce, Bring on, Evoke, Provoke, Trigger, Elicit, Induce

Settle, Deter, Restrain, Stop, Hinder, Dissuade, Halt, Discourage

He prompted me to participate in the annual function.

Adjective

Done without delay

(शीघ्र)

Efficient, Expeditious, Immediate, Precise, Timely

Delayed, Late, Sluggish, Slow, Lethargic

We need prompt action on this matter.

Emerge

Verb

To come out.

To come into view.

To arise.

(उभरना/ प्रकट होना)

Appear, Arrive, Crop up, Derive

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Fall

He emerged as a strict teacher.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

A set of rules about food or exercise that some people follow to stay healthy.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The current regime is a very intelligent and nationalist one.

Impose

Verb

Force (something unwelcome or unfamiliar) to be accepted or put in place.

Take advantage of someone by demanding their attention or commitment.

(थोपना)

Appoint, Charge, Demand, Require, Establish, Foist

Disorder, Overlook, Displace, Forget

Many taxes are imposed on the common public.

Outnumber

Verb

To exceed in number.

(संख्या से बढ़ना)

Exceed, Outman, Outstrip, Overcount

Majority, Minority, Standard, Nonstandard

The police force outnumbered the gangsters.

Revolutionary

Noun

A revolutionist.

A person who takes part in a revolution. (क्रांतिकारी)

Radical, Crazy, Insurgent, Subversive

Moderate, Traditionalist, Standpatter, Conservative

Rakesh has become a revolutionary.

Embrace

Verb

Take into account

Hold (someone) closely in one's arms

(आलिंगन करना)

Accept, Adopt, Deal with, Receive, Admit, Embody, Grasp

Exclude, Free, Reject, Repudiate, Let go

My friend embraced me warmly upon meeting me after the incident.

Noun

An act of holding someone closely in one's arms.

An act of accepting or supporting something willingly or enthusiastically.

(आलिंगन)

Hug, cuddle, Squeeze, Hold, Clutch, Clinch, Nuzzle

-

I hoped that her embrace of the idea will attract some buyers.

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