The Hindu Vocabulary 8 March 2023

2023-03-08

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 8 March 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Logical formation: On Meghalaya Assembly’s fracture mandate.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Fracture

Verb

To break.

To cause to suffer a fracture in a bone.

To break or crack.

(भंग करना/ तड़काना/ अस्थि-भंग करना)

Break, Disintegrate, Fragment, Rive, Blast, Smash, Powder, Dismember

Repair, Patch, Mend, Renovate

Kamlesh has fractured his knee bone.

Noun

The breaking of a bone.

The act of breaking.

(भंग/ भंजन/ हड्डी टूटना/ अंगभंग)

Crack, Fissure, Wound, Breach

Closing, Closure, Solid

Rakesh noticed a fracture in his diamond.

Mandate

Noun

A command from a higher authority to a lower one.

The power that voters give to their elected leader.

(जनादेश)

Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Empowerment

Breach, Break, Denial, Question

They have received a clear mandate in the state assembly elections.

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

The Government should mandate the filing of income tax.

Coalition

Noun

A temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.

(गठबंधन)

Alliance, Federation, Consortium, Merger, Union, Partnership

Severance, Dispensation, Disbursement, Allotment, Apportionment

There is a coalition in talks between us and our rivals.

Aptly

Adverb

In a manner that is suited to the occasion or purpose.

In an apt manner.

(व्‍युत्‍पन्‍नता से)

Accordingly, Duly, Judiciously, Justly

Unsuitably, Badly, Improperly, Inappropriately

Narsimha aptly described the story in his article.

Incumbent

Adjective

Necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.

(निर्भर)

Binding, obligatory, Compulsory, Necessary, Required

Optional, Voluntary, Discretionary, Elective, Free, Open

The incumbent CEO is enjoying fame on the company’s growth during his tenure.

Noun

Officeholder

(पदधारी)

Occupant, Official

-

It is incumbent upon us to manage our finances properly.

Emerge

Verb

To come out.

To come into view.

To arise.

(उभरना/ प्रकट होना)

Appear, Arrive, Crop up, Derive

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Fall

He has emerged as the best employee of the company.

Necessitated

Verb

To make necessary or unavoidable.

To force.

(जरूरत/ मजबूर करना)

Constrain, Entail, Require, Ask

Calculate, Check, Delay, Disallow

Elections necessitate the promotion of parties’ work on Social Media.

Alliance

Adjective

An association between two or more persons, groups or countries.

(गठबंधन)

Accord, Affiliation, Affinity, Engagement

Detachment, Hatred, Disagreement, Disconnection

Our partnership alliance is going very well.

Noun

A union between people, groups, countries, etc.

(सन्धि)

Accord, Compact, Convention, Pact

-

The QUAD alliance is seen as a way to tackle China in the Indo-Pacific region.

Promptly

Adverb

Without delay.

Exactly on time; punctually.

(तत्काल/ तुरन्त)

Directly, Hastily, Instantly, Quickly, Rapidly, Speedily

Slowly, Late, Negligently

She went to the meeting promptly.

Imperative

Noun

Something unavoidable or urgent.

An obligatory duty.

(कुछ ऐसा जो अपरिहार्य हो।)

Behest, Charge, Command, Decree, Edict, Injunction

Appeal, Entreaty, Petition, Plea, Recommendation, Grace, Ease

It is imperative to help our friends.

Adjective

Absolutely Unavoidable avoided.

(अनिवार्य/ आदेशात्मक/ आत्यावश्यक/ आज्ञार्थक)

Compulsory, Obligatory, Critical, Crucial, Essential, Bidding, Dominant, Incumbent, Required

Inessential, Insignificant, Nonessential, Optional, Elective

It is a moral imperative to not cheat in a relationship.

Endorsement

Noun

Approval or sanction.

An action or statement which shows that you support or approve of something or someone.

(अनुमोदन/ समर्थन/ पुष्टि/ तसदीक़)

Advocacy, Affirmation, Approval, Backing

Denial, Disapproval, Disfavour, Opposition

I was planning to hire MS Dhoni for our endorsement.

Supplant

Adjective

If someone or something is supplanted, another person or thing takes their place.

To eradicate and supply a substitute for someone or something.

(उखाड़ना/ हटाना)

Overthrow, Succeed, Supersede, Undermine

Surrender, Allow, Hold, Keep, Permit

The traditional methods are being supplanted by modern ways.

Hamper

Verb

To restrict.

If someone or something hampers someone or something, it means they are making something difficult or interfering with something you are trying to do.

(रोकना)

Block, Curb, Thwart, Frustrate

Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist

The lack of dedication of the team is hampering the growth.

Seek

Verb

To search for something.

To try to discover by questioning or searching.

To try to obtain.

To make an inquiry.

To ask for.

(तलाश करना/ मांगना/ खोजना/ अनुसरण करना)

Explore, Follow, Investigate, Pursue, Chase, Comb, Dragnet, Pursue, Offer, Aim, Essay, Undertake, Request, Solicit, Petition, Beg

Ignore, Answer, Neglect, Reply, Find, Shun, Forget, Laze

We are seeking help from new investors.

Patronage

Noun

Financial support provided to business by customers.

The power to make appointments to government jobs to grant other political favours.

(संरक्षण)

Aegis, Auspices, Buying, Cronyism

Attack, Blockage, Disapproval, Discouragement

They enjoy heavy patronage in their business.

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Question Of The Day

Who is the first Indian Woman to win an Individual Olympic Medal? / व्यक्तिगत ओलंपिक पदक जीतने वाली पहली भारतीय महिला कौन है?


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