The Hindu Vocabulary 31 August 2022

2022-08-31

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 31 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Congress conundrum: On announcement of poll schedule.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Conundrum

Noun

A riddle or puzzle/ an intricate and difficult problem

(पहेली)

Enigma, Mystery, Puzzle, Riddle, Secret

-

I faced the conundrum of trying to get students without having expertise in teaching dance.

Stir

 

Verb


Move or cause to move slightly.

To rouse to activity

 (हिलाना)

Beat, Blend, Disturb, Mix, Shake, Whip, Whisk, Rouse, Invoke

Divide, Soothe, Unmix, Separate

Classical music usually stirs my emotions.

Noun

A slight physical movement

(हलचल)

Furor, Fuss, Uproar, Activity, Agitation, Backwash

Calm, Peace, Harmony, Order

The teacher asked me to give the solution prepared a stir.

Amid

Preposition

In the middle of

(बीच में)

Through, Mid, Among, Amongst

Away from, Outside, Beyond, Far from

The leader resigned amid the conflict going on in the party.

Turmoil

Noun

A state of extreme confusion, disturbance and commotion.

(उथल - पुथल)

Anxiety, Confusion, Riot, Strife, Trouble, Unrest

Calm, Composure, Agreement, Contentment

I am confident that this phase of turmoil in life will soon be over.

Revolting

Adjective

Extremely offensive

Causing intense disgust

(विप्लव करनेवाला)

Abhorrent, Abominable, Appalling, Awful, Disgusting, Hideous, Distasteful, Evil, Foul, Gross, Repulsive

Innocuous, Inoffensive

The manager was unable to handle the revolting behavior of the employees.

Incumbent

Adjective

Necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.

(निर्भर)

Binding, obligatory, Compulsory, Necessary, Required

Optional, Voluntary, Discretionary, Elective, Free, Open

It is incumbent upon me to prioritize my health over work.

Noun

Officeholder

(पदधारी)

Occupant, Official

-

Shivraj Singh Chauhan is the incumbent Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh.

Ridicule

Verb

Subject (someone or something) to contemptuous and dismissive language or behavior.

(उपहास करना)

Deride, Mock, Humiliate, Lampoon, Mock, Scoff, Scorn, Taunt

Approve, Compliment, Flatter, Praise

His co-workers ridiculed him when he fell down as his chair broke.

Noun

The subjection of someone or something to contemptuous and dismissive language or behavior.

(उपहास)

Mockery, Derision, Laughter, Scorn, Contempt, Sneering, Teasing, Sarcasm, Satire

Admiration, Flattery, Respect, Approval, Love, Praise, Compliment

She did not show me her poem due to fear of ridicule.

Helm

Noun

The place or post of control.

(संचालन)

Chair, Head, Rein

-

My father is at the helm of the engineering college.

Trigger

Verb

Cause to happen

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bring about, Generate, Cause, Provoke

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

A misunderstanding triggered a fight between the couples.

Facilitate

Verb

Make an action or process easy or easier

(सुगम बनाना)

Aid, Ease, Expedite, Further, Promote, Speed, Simplify

Block, Cease, Check, Delay, Halt, Hinder

Reducing taxes may facilitate private consumption.

Gratitude

Noun

The state of being grateful

(कृतज्ञता)

Appreciation, Appreciativeness, Gratefulness, Thankfulness, Thanks

Ingratitude, Thanklessness, Unappreciation, Ungratefulness

The day is observed to show gratitude to all doctors who saved many lives.

Coterie

Noun


A small group of people with shared interests or tastes, especially one that is exclusive of other people.

 (मंडली)

Cadre, Clique, Circle

-

The chef was admired by his coterie of fellowmen.

Masquerade

Verb

To disguise oneself

(ढोंग करना)

Act, Impersonate, Personate, Play, Pose as, Disguise

Reveal, Unmask

He masqueraded as Batman to flee from the party.

Humiliate

Verb

Make (someone) feel ashamed and foolish by injuring their dignity and self-respect, especially publicly.

(दबाना)

Embarrass, Mortify, Humble, Shame, Disgrace, Demean, Degrade, Deflate

Encourage, Honor, Praise, Promote, Upgrade

I was humiliated in front of the audience.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?