The Hindu Vocabulary 30 August 2022

2022-08-30

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 30 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Sops for votes: On election promises.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Sop

Noun

A thing given or done as a concession of no great value to appease someone whose main concerns or demands are not being met.

(घूस)

Bribe, Cumshaw, Fix, Boodle

Cheap, Common, Defective, Deficient, Inexpensive, Useless

Political parties use sops for attaining maximum votes.

Verb

Wet thoroughly

(गीला करना)

 

Drench, Drown, Impregnate, Saturate, Soak, Steep

Dry, Dehydrate

My dress thoroughly sopped when I slipped on the wet floor.

Freebie

 

Noun

A thing given free of cost

(मुफ्त)

Gift, Giveaway, Handout, Free pass, Donation, Present

-

We distributed freebie T-shirts at the college fest to promote our society.

Manifest

Verb

Show (a quality or feeling) by one's acts or appearance; demonstrate.

(प्रकट)

Display, Show, Present, Reveal, Evince

Hide, Conceal, Detain, Cover

The two parties manifested that they don’t want to reach a compromise.

Judgment

Noun

The ability to make considered decisions or come to sensible conclusions.

(निर्णय)

A misfortune or calamity viewed as a divine punishment.

(प्रलय)

Doom, Finding, Ruling, Sentence, Verdict, Holding, Decree, Opinion, Order

Indecision, Misjudgement, Neglect, Disregard

We waited for the tribunal’s judgment before appealing to Supreme Court.

Crucial

Adjective

Of great importance.

(गंभीर)

Pivotal, Critical, Key, Decisive, Deciding

Minor, Trivial, Small, Minute, Insignificant, Irrelevant

Giving all your time to exam preparation is very crucial at this point of time.

Perspective

Noun

A particular attitude toward or way of regarding something

(परिप्रेक्ष्य/ दृष्टिकोण)

Angle, Aspect, Attitude, Context, Viewpoint

-

You should read books written by famous economists to get a broader perspective on international trade.

Vague

Adjective

Of uncertain, indefinite, or unclear character or meaning.

(अस्पष्ट)

Indistinct, Indefinite, Indeterminate, Unclear, Hazy, Cloudy, Fuzzy, Blurred

Clear, Precise, Firm, Sharpness, Accurate, Pinpoint

He gave vague ideas just to grab the attention of everyone.

Concessions

Noun

A thing that is granted, especially in response to demands.

(छूट)

Adjustment, Modification, Allowance, Exception

Raise, Increase, Increment, Denial

The bank has started a new scheme where it will provide additional concessions on the interest rate to female customers.

Omnibus

Noun

Comprising several items.

(सार्वत्रिक)

Various, Several, Diverse, Varied, Assorted, Sundry

Only, Sole, One, Single

We can say that IDBI bank provides omnibus services.

Reluctant

Noun

Unwilling and hesitant.

(संकोची)

Unwilling, Disinclined, Grudging, Resistant, Resisting

Willing, Bold, Eager, Ready, Prepared, Disposed, Inclined

He was reluctant to take risks by investing in the new project.

Mandate

Noun

A command from a higher authority to a lower one.

The power that voters give to their elected leader.

(जनादेश)

Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Empowerment

Breach, Break, Denial, Question

The leader of the party issued a mandate to the party members to be present at the meeting at any cost.

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

The team was mandated to gather at the ground sharp at 5 AM.

Fetters

Noun

A chain or manacle used to restrain a prisoner, typically placed around the ankles.

Something that confines

(बंधन)

Check, Condition, Constraint, Restraint, Restriction, Circumscription, Curb

-

The new government regulations are working as fetters for real estate businesses.

Verb

Restrain with chains or manacles, typically around the ankles.

(रोकना)

Bind, Chain, Enfetter, Handcuff, Manacle, Shackle, Hamper

Unfetter, Unshackle, Unbind

Manju finds herself fettered by responsibilities.

Enforceable

Adjective

Something that can be enforced.

Able to be imposed.

(साध्य/ प्रवर्तनीय/ लागू करने योग्य)

Legal, Valid, Allowed, Correct

Illegitimate, Invalid, Unacceptable, Wrong, Illegal, Forbidden, Outlawed

Fundamental rights are enforceable in a court of law.

Largesse

Noun

Generosity in bestowing money or gifts upon others. (उदारता)

Generosity, Liberality, Munificence, Bounty, Benefaction, Altruism, Charity, Endowment, Philanthropy

Hindrance, Stealing, Taking

The local MLAs participated in the distribution of largesse to the poor people.

Directive

 

Noun 

An official or authoritative instruction.

(आदेश) 

Charge, Command, Decree, Direction, Edict, Imperative, Order, Word, Instruction

Disorganisation, Lawlessness

We received a directive from the top management to make a team of 5 members for the upcoming project.

Adjective

Involving the management or guidance of operations.

Serving or intended to guide, govern, or influence

(सूचित करने वाला)

-

-

Follow the directive method to solve the question.

 

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