The Hindu Vocabulary 29 August 2022

2022-08-29

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 29 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Murder in the sewer: on deaths during manual cleaning of sewage.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Precious

Adjective

Highly esteemed for nonmaterial quality.

Of high price.

Dear and beloved.

(कीमती/ बहुमूल्य/ मूल्यवान/ प्रिय)

Adored, Beloved, Dear, Exquisite, Artful, Artificial

Cheap, Common, Defective, Deficient, Inexpensive, Useless

My sister is a precious child for my parents.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

My mother asked about my health despite knowing how it has been.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

I was hurt by the despite that my friend made me feel at his house.

Enforcement

Noun

The act of imposing upon some person.

(प्रवर्तन)

Administration, Application, Imposition, Prosecution

Abandon, Disregard, Forgetfulness, Neglect

The enforcement of heavy fines in case of traffic rules violation is being ordered by the Supreme Court.

Pursuit

Noun

The action of pursuing someone or something.

(लक्ष्य)

Chasing, Pursuing, Stalking, Tracking, Trailing

Ignoring, Avoiding, Letting go, Denying

The pursuit of happiness has been a very nice movie.

Invoke

Verb

To appeal to authority.

To make an earnest request for something.

To put into effect.

(आह्वान करना/ विनती करना)

Beget, Breed, Cause, Generate, Apply, Enforce

Cruelty, Indulgence, Meanness, Ignore, Neglect

The US President invoked the use of Marshals.

Allot

Verb

To divide or distribute by share.

To appropriate for a special purpose.

(आवंटित/ नियत करना/ बाँटना/ ज़िम्मे करना)

Allocate, Appoint, Apportion, Appropriate, Designate, Distribute

Hold, Keep, Refuse, Reject

The government has allotted houses to homeless people.

Prohibition

Noun

 

The act of prohibiting.

A law that forbids.

(निषेध/ रोक/ अभिनिषेध/ निवारण)

Constraint, Embargo, Exclusion, Injunction

Allowance, Permission, Approval, Clearance

The prohibition of use of electronic device in any flight is a federal law.

Scavenge

Verb

To take from discarded material.

To expel burnt gases from a cylinder.

To act as a scanvenger.

To remove dirt from an area.

(मांजना/ कचरा उठाना/ साफ़ करना/ कूड़ा हटाना)

Lurk, Roam, Skulk, Slink

Ignore, Neglect, Rush

Many children were scavenging through garbage.

Deploy

Verb

Station troops or weapons

(तैनात)

Expand, Set up, Arrange, Use

End, Disarrange, Disorder, Displace

The electric cars are being deployed in all the government offices.

Septic

Adjective

Relating to putrefaction.

Retaling to sepsis.

Used for sewage treatment.

Infected with microorganisms.

(विषाक्त/ )

Fevered, Infected, Irritated, Sore, Dangerous, Deadly, Destructive, Fatal

Gentle, Good, Harmless, Healthful

His finger had gone septic.

Mandate

Noun

A command from a higher authority to a lower one.

The power that voters give to their elected leader.

(जनादेश/ रक्त को विषैला करनेवाला/ पूतिक/ सड़ता हुआ)

Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Empowerment

Breach, Break, Denial, Question

It is a clear mandate for Arvind Kejriwal in Delhi elections.

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

The cricket Board has mandated the prohibition of use of mobile phones during the Cricket Match.

Quibble

Noun

An instance of the use of unclear language or arguments to evade a point at issue.

A minor objection or criticism.

(वक्रोक्ति)

Nicety, Artifice, Cavil, Criticism

Approval, Directness, Facing, Honesty

Our only quibble about the Himachal Pradesh trip is that it rains a lot in the way.

Verb

To carp.

To equivocate.

(उलटफेर करना)

Bicker, Carp, Spar, Squabble

Agree, Face, Meet, Concur

He wqas quibbling about the misrepresentation of the facts in the movie.

Enact

Verb

To act.

To establish by legal procedure.

(अभिनय करना/ क़ानून का रूप बनाना)

Achieve, Execute, Accomplish, Appoint

Fail, miss, Abandon, Deny

The new bills will be enacted into laws soon.

Noxious

Adjective

Harmful or injurious to health.

Morally harmful.

(हानिकारक/ अस्वास्थ्यकर/ हानि पहुंचनेवाला/ अपकारक)

Corrupting, Destructive, Fetid, Pernicious

Harmless, Healthy, Helpful, Kind

The chimney is releasing noxious fumes.

Compensation 

Noun 

An act of rewarding someone or making up for someone’s loss or damage. 

(क्षतिपूर्ति) 

Allowance, Benefit, Bonus, Earnings, Fee, Indemnity 

Debt, Hurt, Loss, Penalty 

I have not received my full compensation till now.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?