The Hindu Vocabulary 11 November 2022

2022-11-11

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 11 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Content slot: On guidelines for television channels.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Diverse

Adjective

Showing a great deal of variety

(विविध)

Differing, Distinct, Divergent, Diversified, Varied, Contrasting

Like, Same, Similar, Identical, Parallel

India is a country with a diverse population.

Tweak

Verb

Twist or pull (something) sharply.

(मरोड़ना)

Twist, Tug, Nip, Twitch, Squeeze, Jerk

Properly, Straighten, Align, Adjust, Set, Tidy, Arrange

He tweaked the controls in the machine and made everything work.

Norm

Noun

A standard model that has authoritative approval.

(मानदंड)

Benchmark, Criterion, Model, Rule

Extreme, Exception,

In India, people are bound by cultural norms.

Barring

Preposition

Excluding something as an exception.

Except for.

(को छोड़कर/ के सिवाय/ बिना)

Except for, Excepting, Bar, Other than, Apart from, Aside from, Besides, But

All, Inclusive

Barring a miracle, India cannot win the match.

Heritage

Noun

Something that is handed down from the past, as a tradition.

Something that comes to one because of birth.

Something reserved for one.

Property that descends to an heir.

(विरासत/ उत्तराधिकार/ दाय/ पैतृक सम्पत्ति)

Ancestry, Culture, Custom, Legacy, Right, Tradition

Whole

Indian Americans are proud of their Indian heritage.

Adjective

Relating to a product that evokes a nostalgic sense of history.

Relating to an older.

(एक ऐसे उत्पाद से संबंधित जो इतिहास की एक उदासीन भावना को उद्घाटित करता है।/ किसी वृद्ध से संबंधित।)

-

-

We are going to visit heritage sites in the state.

Integration

Noun

An instance of combining into an integral whole.

AN instance of integrating an ethnic group.

Incorporation as equals into society.

An operation used in calculus.

(एकीकरण/ समाकलन/ एकता/ संघटन)

Assimilation, Alliance, Amalgamation, Combination

Disunion, Division, Divorce, Separation

The government should work on the integration of various similar policies into one.

Myriad

Adjective

countless or extremely great in number.

(असंख्य)

Innumerable, Countless, Infinite, Numberless, Unlimited, Untold

Scarce, Scanty, Sparse, Less, Lack, Meagre, Dearth

Jacob has a myriad of ideas.

Modality

Noun

The quality or state of being modal.

An attribute that denotes mode or manner.

One of the primary forms of sensation.

(साधन/ प्रकार/ रूपात्मकता/ तौर-तरीका)

Method, Procedure, Process, Manner

-

Researchers found that the comfort of the group varied depending on the modality.

Caveat

Noun

A warning or caution.

An explanation to prevent misinterpretation.

A legal warning to a judicial officer to suspend a proceeding until the opposition has a hearing.

(चेतावनी/ विरोध/ प्रतिवाद/ वारणी)

Admonition, Alarm, Caution, Forewarning

-

The court has issued a caveat against unfair practices.

Modulate

Verb

To regulate by a certain measure.

To soften the tone down.

To alter the voice according to the circumstances.

To modulate a carrier wave.

To tune a pitch.

(मिलाना/ व्यवस्थित करना/ न्यूनाधिक करना/ ऊँचा-नीचा करना)

Inflect, Attune, Balance, Regulate

Leave alone

She does not modulate her voice so her voice sounds the same in every pitch.

Obligation

Verb

Something by which a person is bound to do certain things.

Something that is done as a sense of duty or results from customs or laws.

A binding promise.

The act of binding oneself by a promise.

(बाध्यता/ कर्तव्य/ इनायत/ प्रतिज्ञा)

Accountability, Agreement, Bond, Burden

Asset, Disagreement, Disbelief, Irresponsibility

She feels that there is a moral obligation to protect animal rights.

Recommendation

Noun

The act of recommending

(सिफ़ारिश करना)

Endorsement, Guidance, Instruction, Judgment, Order, Proposal, Proposition

Disapproval, Opposition, Refusal, Rejection

The recommendations made by him are being implemented.

Compensation

Noun

An act of rewarding someone or making up for someone’s loss or damage.

(क्षतिपूर्ति)

Allowance, Benefit, Bonus, Earnings, Fee, Indemnity

Debt, Hurt, Loss, Penalty

The Manager demanded that everyone should be given compensation for working on holidays.

Intent

Noun

Intention or purpose

(इरादा)

Aim, Goal, Target, Objective

-

The intent of Ramesh was always to do good for me.

Adjective

Directed with strained or eager attention.

(तत्पर)

 

Decided, Hell-bent, Preoccupied, Resolved

Flexible, Indefinite, Unconcerned, Undecided

My son was so intent on going on a cruise ship.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat