The Hindu Vocabulary 4 March 2023

2023-03-04

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 4 March 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Creative formulas: On India, G20 and the Ukraine conflict.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

Both parties conflicted outside the courtroom.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

I and my brother have a conflict of interest.

Consensus

Noun

Majority of opinion.

The general agreement of all those concerned.

(आम सहमति)

Accord, Consent, Unanimity, Agreement

Conflict, Dissensus, Disagreement, Opposition

The presenter was able to achieve consensus on his idea.

Presidency

Noun

The office of the president

(अध्यक्षपद)

Cabinet, Board, Bureau, Department, Ministry, Chair, Command, Power, Regime

Inferiority, Opposition, Submission, Weakness

India has got the G20 presidency for the first time.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

The global crisis is something with which everyone has to deal collectively.

Geopolitical

Adjective

Relating to geopolitics.

(भू-राजनैतिक)

-

-

Currently, India is amid a complex geopolitical situation.

Constrain

Verb

Compel or force (someone) to follow a particular course of action. (नियंत्रित करना)

Compel, Force, Oblige, Urge, Curb, Constrict

Aid, Allow, Encourage, Free, Release

Many teenagers feel constrained in their houses.

Precedent

Noun

Any act or decision that serves as an example in subsequent situations.

(मिसाल)

Antecedent, Criterion, Exemplar, Instance

After, Ensuing, Following, Later

The precedent set by the Prime Minister is worth applause.

Communique

Noun

An official bulletin or communication.

(विज्ञप्तियों)

Ad, Bulletin, Notice, Posting, Release, Warning, Address, News

Ignorance, Question, Concealment, Suppression

We signed an official communique to deliver the project by the end of this quarter.

Cite

Verb

To call upon officially or authoritatively to appear (as before a court)

(अदालत में तलब करना)

Call, Order, Command, Summon

Ignore

The court has summoned the culprit and cited his presence in the next hearing.

To quote by way of example, authority or proof

(उदाहरणार्थ प्रस्तुत करना)

Allege, Allude to, Indicate, Mention, Offer

Conceal, Deny, Take, Withhold

We cited only credible sources.

 

Brinkmanship

Noun

The act of pushing a dangerous situation to a point of safety or tolerance to force a desired outcome. (अस्थिरता/ केसरिया बाना करने का दिखावा)

Bluff, Bluster, Manoeuvring, Politicking, Politics, Strategy, Tactics

Noninterference

The two nations were caught up in nuclear brinkmanship.

Pertain

Verb

To have a reference.

To belong as a part.

(संबद्ध होना/ मुनासिब होना)

Apply, Refer, Relate, Affect

Disconnect, Disjoin, Divide, Part, Separate

The rules pertaining to traffic laws are cited in the petition.

Critical

Adjective

Inclined to criticize severely.

Exercising judicious evaluation.

Of the nature of a crisis.

Some important juncture.

(गंभीर/ आलोचनात्मक/ नाजुक/ फुलाना/ आलोचनावादी)

Demanding, Analytical, Belittling, Biting, Crucial, Dangerous, Decisive, Dire, Carping, Rejective

Complimentary, Praising, Trivial, Laudatory, Certain, Inessential, Minor, Safe, Uncritical

It is critical for everyone to be financially secure.

Condemn

Verb

To blame.

To declare to be reprehensible usually after weighing evidence and without reservation.

(निंदा करना)

Castigate, Censure, Chide, Criticise

Approve, Laud, Endorse, Praise

The leaders condemned the attack on opponents’ family members.

Strengthen

Verb

Make or become stronger.

(मजबूत बनाना)

Enhance, Encourage, Restore, Toughen, Uphold

Discourage, Dishearten, Dissuade, Fail

There is a need to strengthen our security forces.

Entrench

Verb

Establish (an attitude, habit, or belief) so firmly that change is very difficult or unlikely.

(स्थापित करना)

Define, Embed, Fortify, Strengthen

Discourage, Dissuade, Hurt, Weaken

The entire family has entrenched themselves in the business.

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Question Of The Day

How many Lok Sabha constituencies are there in India? / भारत में कितने लोक सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र हैं?


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