The Hindu Vocabulary 3 March 2023

2023-03-03

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 3 March 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Data dissonance: On the revised GDP estimates.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Dissonance

Noun

Inharmonious sound.

Lack of agreement.

(मतभेद)

Discord, Discrepancy, Disparity, Dissension

Agreement, Concurrence, Harmony, Accord

There is a dissonance between the image and reality of some of the politicians.

Buttress

Verb


To support by a buttress.

To give encouragement or support to a person or a plan.

(समर्थन देना/ सहारा देना)

Reinforce, Strengthen, Uphold, Brace

Weaken, Let down, Undermine, Undercut

He buttressed the arguments with pieces of evidence.

Noun

Any external prop built to steady a structure by opposing its outward thrusts.

Something that supports or strengthens.

(टेक/ उठंगाना)

Abutment, Column, Mainstay, Pier

-

He acted as a buttress of our cause and guided us.

Deceleration

Noun

The fact of losing speed.

The process of slowing the rate of increase of something.

(मंदी/ सुस्त होना/ धीमा पड़ना/ देर)

Decline, Delay, Downtrend, Downturn

Increase, Rise, Breakthrough

The deceleration in economic growth is a causforof concern.

Attribute

Verb

Regard something as being caused by.

(जिम्मेदार ठहराया)

Ascribe, Assign, Accredit, Credit, Allot, Impute, Allocate

Withdraw, Take, Remove, Extract, Take out, Discontinue

The deceleration in economic growth is attributed to the global crisis.

Appreciable

Adjective

Sufficient to be readily perceived.

Capable of being measured.

(प्रशंसनीय/ विवेचनीय/ उल्लेखनीय/ अच्छा)

Definite, Detectable, Discernible, Marked

Ambiguous, Imperceptible, Indistinct, Insignificant

He worked on the project with full dedication and showed some appreciable results.

Precede

Verb

To happen before something.

To do or say something before something.

(पूर्व में होना)

Anticipate, Foreshadow, Presage, Preexist

Follow, Postdate, Succeed, End, Finish

The preceding office bearers have left a very memorable legacy.

Contraction

Noun

the process of becoming smaller.

(सिकुड़न)

Compression, Condensation, Constriction, Squeezing

Decompression, Expansion, Dissipation, Scattering, Inflation

There has been a contraction in cholesterol levels of my father.

Albeit

Conjunction

Though.

(यद्यपि)

Although, Though, While, However, Yet

 -

My injury was recovering, albeit rather slowly.

Crucial

Adjective

Extremely important.

(महत्वपूर्ण)

Central, Decisive, Essential, Imperative

Inessential, Insignificant, Minor, Optional

Having good developers is very crucial for any project.

Concern

Noun

Something that relates to one.

Matter for consideration.

A matter that calls for a person’s attention.

(चिंता/ प्रसंग)

Care, Concernment, Consideration, Heed, Burden, Interest, Involvement, Matter

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm, Entertainment, Fun

The sudden anger of my brother is a concern for me.

Verb

To relate to something.

To care about some matter of trouble.

(चिंतित होना/ लगाव रखना)

Bother, Disturb, Interest, Involve, Perturb, Regard

Aid, Calm, Reassure, Help, Unconcern

The money does not concern me.

Relentless

Adjective

Remaining strict or determined.

(दयाहीन)

Determined, Dogged, Ferocious, Harsh

Compassionate, Easy, Gentle, Flexible

The relentless cold has caused homeless people to suffer the most.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

The inflation rate is a very important economic indicator.

Erode

Verb

To eat away.

To destroy by slow destruction of substance.

(खत्म)

Bite, Eat, Gnaw, Nibble, Corrode, Destroy

Build, Ignore, Construct, Neglect

The wind waves can erode huge structures that were formed naturally.

Assert

Verb

To state with assurance.

To maintain claims.

To state as having existence.

State a fact or belief confidently.

To demonstrate the existence of something.

To state positively.

(ज़ोर/ द्दढ़तापूर्वक करना/ दावा करना/ हर्क जमाना)

Affirm, Allege, Argue, Cite, Claim, Contend, Defend, Proclaim, Profess, Stress, Uphold, Advance, Asseverate

Deny, Disclaim, Disavow, Negate

The Judge asserted me not guilty after the case was discussed.

Momentum

Noun

Force or speed of movement.

Strength or force gained by motion or by a series of events.

If a process gains momentum, it means it is developing or growing.

In physics, momentum is the mass of a body multiplied by its velocity.

(गति/ वेग/ चाल/ गति-मात्रा)

Energy, Power, Strength, Drive

Lethargy, Weakness

Our idea is gaining momentum for the last few months.

Sequentially

Adverb

By forming or following a logical order or sequence.

(क्रमिक रूप से)

Successively, Continuously, Progressively, Serially, Constantly, Gently, Deliberately

Abruptly, Fastly, Suddenly

Our teacher advised us to answer all the questions in the semester exams sequentially.

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Question Of The Day

India is divided into how many earthquake zones (seismic zones)? / भारत को कितने भूकंप क्षेत्रों (भूकंपीय क्षेत्र) में विभाजित किया गया है?  


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