The Hindu Vocabulary 2 March 2023

2023-03-03

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 2 March 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘A message for maturity: On Governors, Chief Ministers and constitutional boundaries.'

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Maturity

Noun

The state of being mature.

Full development.

(परिपक्वता)

Adulthood, Majority, Ability, Experience

Ignorance, Impotence, Incompetence, Stoppage

A father wants his son to behave responsibly and have maturity.

Constitutional

Adjective


relating to an established set of principles governing a state.

(संवैधानिक)

relating to someone's physical or mental condition.

(शरीर रचना संबंधी)

Democratic, Lawful, Legal, Statutory, Representative, Chartered, Essential, Fundamental, Native, Natural, Inherent, Organic

Illegal, Illicit, Unlawful, Illegitimate, Unnatural, Learned

Our company follows a constitutional process.

Functionary

Noun

A person who functions in a specified capacity.

(पदाधिकारी)

Assistant, Broker, Commissioner, Lawyer

-

All the party functionaries were felicitated.

Rancour

Noun

Malicious resentfulness.

(विद्वेष/ द्वेष/ शत्रुता/ धृणा)

Acrimony, Animosity, Animus, Antagonism, Enmity, Grudge, Harshness, Hatred, Hostility, Resentment, Venom

Benevolence, Friendliness, Friendship, Good Will, Kindness, Liking, Love, Loving, Sympathy, Happiness

Rahul spoke with rancour with his juniors.

Prevail

Verb

Be widespread or current in a particular area or at a particular time.

(प्रचलित होना)

Command, Conquer, Domineer, Reign, Succeed, Triumph

Fail, Forfeit, Lose, Surrender, Follow, Yield

Our ideology may prevail for centuries to come.

Propriety

Noun

Appropriateness to the purposes.

(औचित्य)

Decency, Decorum, Form, Correctness, Legitimacy, Morality

Dishonesty, Disagreement, Incompatibility, Lawlessness

I often go to parties to observe the proprieties.

Statesmanship

Noun

The ability of a statesman in the management of public affairs.

(राज-नीति/ राजनीतिज्ञता/ राज-कार्य पद्धति/ राष्ट्र-कर्मी का प्रतिभा)

Comparative Government, Foreign Affairs, Geopolitics, Geopolitik

-

He praised the leader for his statesmanship.

Apparent

Adjective

Readily seen.

Capable of being easily perceived.

(प्रकट/ स्पष्ट/ रोक/ प्रतीत)

Possible, Probable, Supposed, Credible

Unlikely, Doubtful, Dubious, Equivocal

The changes in the plan were readily apparent.

Summon

Verb

Call people to attend (a meeting).

To call or order someone to be present for something specific.

(गवाही के लिये सम्मन देना/ आह़वान करना/ आयोजन करना/ पुकारना/ बुलवाना)

Convene, Call, Order, Revoke, Gather, Convoke, Assemble, Gather, Meet

Scatter, Answer, Free, Differentiate, Spread, Divide

The guard was summoned by the Security in charge.

Intervention

Noun

The action or process of intervening.

(हस्तक्षेप)

Interference, Mediation, Arbitration, Intercession

-

The government called for military intervention.

Furnish

Adjective

To supply with necessary furniture.

To provide with something.

(प्रस्तुत/ देना/ प्रदान करना/ पेश करना)

Equip, Provide, Rig, Accoutre

Unclothe, Waste, Conceal, Hide

Our house is now fully furnished.

Discretion

Noun

The freedom to decide what should be done in a particular situation.

(निर्णय)

Choice, Option, Judgement, Preference, Disposition, Wariness

Indiscretion, Rashness, Irresponsibility, Haste, Recklessness

It is her father’s discretion whether he would allow her to pursue a degree or not.

Germane

Adjective

Being at once relevant and appropriate.

(सार्थक/ मुनासिब/ उचित/ अनुकूल)

Applicable, Apropos, Apt, Pertinent

Inappropriate, Irrelevant, Unsuitable, Improper

They decided to omit details that are not germane to the matter.

Incumbent

Adjective

Necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.

(निर्भर)

Binding, obligatory, Compulsory, Necessary, Required

Optional, Voluntary, Discretionary, Elective, Free, Open

The incumbent Manager is facing heat over his irresponsibility.

Noun

Officeholder

(पदधारी)

Occupant, Official

-

It is incumbent upon us to manage our work properly.

Indeed

Adverb

Used to emphasize a statement or response confirming something already suggested.

(वास्तव में)

Absolutely, Certainly, Easily, Naturally, Really, Surely

Doubtfully, Dubiously, Indefinite, Questionably

Indeed it rained with a hailstorm as predicted.

Critic

Noun

A person who judges.

A person who judges or evaluates artistic work.

(समीक्षक/ समालोचक/ आलोचक/ छिद्रान्वेषी)

Authority, Cartoonist, Commentator, Expert

Amateur, Complimenter, Praiser

Sambhavna is a famous literary critic.

Augur

Noun

 

Any prophet or soothsayer.

(शकुनश)

Diviner, Forecaster, Oracle, Harbinger

-

There were old augurs in my village who predicted that I will be a very famous person.

Verb

To foretell.

To give promise to.

(भविष्य बतलाना)

Bode, Promise, Foreshadow, Foretell, Portend, Presage

-

The extended discussion on our project augurs well for our chances of funding.

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Question Of The Day

Which of the following waterways separates India from Sri Lanka? / निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा जलमार्ग भारत को श्रीलंका से अलग करता है?


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