The Hindu Vocabulary 1 March 2023

2023-03-01

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 1 March 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Unending ordeal: On the continued civilian killings in Jammu and Kashmir”.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Unending

Adjective

Having no end.

Never Ending.

(असीम/ अनंत/ बेहद/ ख़तम न होनेवाला)

Ceaseless, Constant, Continual, Continous, Eternal, Everlasting, Immortal, Permanent

Bounded, Brief, Broken, Ceasing, Changeable, Completed, Mortal, Transient

The Pandemic has become unending and frustrating for the common public.

Ordeal

Noun

A severe trial or experience

(परख)

Agony, Anguish, Calamity, Difficulty, Nightmare, Torment, Torture, Trial

Comfort, Joy, Peace, Health, Happiness, Pleasure

The abrupt changes in the flight schedule can turn into an ordeal.

Restore

Verb

To bring back into existence.

To bring back into use.

(पुनर्स्थापित करना/ लौटाना)

Improve, Modernize, Rebuild, Reconstruct

Damage, Decline, Destroy, Break

She asked me to restore her laptop by replacing some parts.

Democratic

Noun

Pertaining to the nature of democracy.

Relating to democracy.

(लोकतांत्रिक/ प्रजातंत्रात्मक/ जनतंत्रवादी/ प्रजातंत्रवादी)

Autonomous, Constitutional, Egalitarian, Free

-

The democratic system of government involves direct public participation.

Polarisation

Noun

Division into two sharply distinct opposites

(दो तीव्र भिन्न विपरीतताओं में विभाजन)

 

Emission, Broadcast, Diffusion, Propagation

-

It is not good to adopt practices that can lead to polarization among the public.

Deliberately

Adjective

With full awareness of what one is doing.

On purpose.

(जान-बूझकर/ अभिप्राय से)

Inadvertently, Unintentionally, Accidentally, Randomly

Consciously, Knowingly, Pointedly, Purposely

Shreya is hiding the truth deliberately.

Militancy

Noun

Aggressive activism in supporting a cause.

(आतंकवाद/ योद्धापन/ लड़ाकुपन/ लड़ाकापन)

Adamancy, Aggressiveness, Assertiveness, Combativeness, Fierceness, Pushiness, Bellicoseness, Bellicosity, Belligerence, Belligerency

Nonaggression, Nonviolence, Pacifism, Peaceableness

The militancy of the rebel groups is a concern for the authorities.

Repression

Noun

The act of repressing.

The act of keeping under control or check.

The act of controlling or suppressing someone or something by force.

(दमन/ दमन/ रोक/ निरोध)

Oppression, Control, Restraint, Suppression

Freedom, Liberty, Aid, Allowance

The repression of the innocent public in the war was discussed in the assembly.

Foment

Verb

Instigate or stir up an undesirable or violent sentiment

(भड़काना)

Provoke, Abet, Brew, Incite

Deter, Discourage, Calm, Conclude

The Manager was accused of fomenting anger and agitation among the colleagues.  

Discontent

Noun

A desire for something that someone does not have.

A sense of grievance.

One who is dissatisfied.

(असंतोष/ असंतुष्ट/ नाराज़गी/ चिढ़)

Displeasure, Regret, Restlessness, Uneasiness, Unhappiness

Calm, Satisfaction, Contentedness, Happiness

There are reports of widespread discontent among the employees of the company.

Verb

To make discontented.

(असंतुष्ट करना)

Disaffect, Disgruntle, Displease, Dissatisfy

Content, Gratify, Please, Satisfy

He felt discontented about the lack of good sweets.

Adjective

Dissatisfied.

(असंतुष्ट/ नाराज़/ तंग किया हुआ/ खिजलाया हुआ)

Aggrieved, Discontented, Disgruntled, Displeased

Content, Contented, Gratified, Pleased, Satisfied

He wrote a novel about a friend who is desperately discontent with her small-town life.

Militant

Adjective

Engaged in warfare or combat.

Aggressively active in a cause.

(आतंकवादी/ युद्धप्रिय)

Assertive, Bellicose, Belligerent, Militaristic, Activist, Combatant, Demonstrator, Fighter

Compliant, Peaceful, Peace-loving, Submissive

The government has ordered in the past to use of rubber bullets for militants.

Separatist

Noun

Someone who favours separatism.

An advocate of independence of a part of a nation.

(संप्रदायवादी/ स्वपक्षत्यागी/ पृथक होनेवाला/ विमुख)

Dissident, Heretic, Protestor, Rebel

Adherent, Loyalist

Suresh is trying to talk to separatists to control the situation.

Condemn

Verb

Blame.

To declare to be reprehensible or wrong after weighing evidence and without evidence.

(निंदा करना)

Castigate, Censure, Chide, Criticise

Approve, Laud, Endorse, Praise

The policy was condemned as biased.

Brazen

Adjective

Unashamed

Made of brass

(बेशर्म/ तांबे का)

Audacious, Blatant, Impudent, Shameless

Humble, Meek, Quiet, Timid

My sister bought brazen plates from the mall.

Verb

To face a difficult situation with confidence.

(आत्मविश्वास के साथ व्यवहार करके एक कठिन स्थिति का सामना करना ।)

Beard, Brave, Face, Confront

Dodge, Duck, Funk, Shork

Harish was ready to brazen any criticism that his movie may face.

Anticipate

Verb

To foresee.

To look forward to.

To nullify by taking countermeasures.

To expect something.

To perform an action before another has acted.

(पूर्वानुमान करना/ प्रत्याशा करना/ पहले ही विचार कर लेना) 

Await, Expect, Hope, Assume, Forecast, See, Visualize, Forestall, Prevent

Doubt, Surprised, Amazed, Allow, Forward

He did not anticipate such a difficult question paper.

Mitigate

Verb

To lessen in force or reduce in intensity.

(कम करना)

Allay, Ease, Mollify, Aggravate, Relieve

Exacerbate

I was successful in mitigating my angry mother.

Curb

Noun

A raised edge or margin to confine.

Anything that restrains or confines.

(रोक/ प्रतिबंध)

Check, Condition, Constraint, Limitation

Free, Ignore, Freedom, Encouragement

She sat at the curb on the hilltop.

Verb

To control or restrain.

(नियंत्रण करना)

Bridle, Check, Constrain, Control, Govern, Inhibit

Lose, Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist

The number of active visitors has been curbed by the authority for environmental reasons.

Normalcy

Noun

Usualness

(सामान्य स्थिति)

Uniformity, Averageness, Commonality, Prevalence, Regularity

-

Everyone is hoping that the crisis will soon return to normalcy.

Imperative

Noun

Something unavoidable or urgent.

An obligatory duty.

(कुछ ऐसा जो अपरिहार्य हो।)

Behest, Charge, Command, Decree, Edict, Injunction

Appeal, Entreaty, Petition, Plea, Recommendation, Grace, Ease

It is imperative to help our closed ones.

Adjective

Absolutely Unavoidable avoided.

(अनिवार्य/ आदेशात्मक/ आत्यावश्यक/ आज्ञार्थक)

Compulsory, Obligatory, Critical, Crucial, Essential, Bidding, Dominant, Incumbent, Required

Inessential, Insignificant, Nonessential, Optional, Elective

It is a moral imperative to respect our elders.

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Question Of The Day

How many Lok Sabha constituencies are there in India? / भारत में कितने लोक सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र हैं?


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