The Hindu Vocabulary 28 February 2023

2023-02-28

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 28 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Subaltern, secular: On the 85th plenary session of Congress."

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Subaltern

Noun

A person holding a subordinate position.

(मातहत/ कप्तान के नीचे का अफ़सर)

Assistant, Inferior, Subordinate

Superior

The violence subjugated the subalterns.

Adjective

Lower in Rank.

Particular with reference to a related universal proposition.

(मातहत/ सब से नीचा)

-

-

He is my subaltern colleague.

Secular

Adjective

Not spiritual or religious.

Not aligned with any particular religion.

Not favourable to any one religion.

(धर्मनिरपेक्ष)

Civil, Materialistic, Worldly, Temporal

Mental, Holy, Spiritual

Many people raise questions about our country being a secular one and they forget to look towards their own country.

Plenary

Adjective

Full.

Attended by all qualified members.

(परिपूर्ण/ विस्तृत)

Absolute, Complete, Full, General

Incomplete, Limited, Part, Partial

The plenary meeting of all 1000 members took place last year.

Outline

Verb

To draw the outline of a figure or object.

To give an outline of something.

(रूप-रेखा लगाना)

Delineate, Describe, Draft, Summarize

-

The professor outlined the course for us.

Noun

The line by which a figure is bounded.

A drawing or sketch restricted to the line without shading.

(खाका/ रूप-रेखा/ प्रारूप/ रूपरेखा/ सारांश/ संक्षेप)

Blueprint, Draft, Drawing, Framework, Configuration, Contour, Shape, Conformation

Inside

He gave a complete outline of the topic.

Reinforce

Verb

Strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.

(सुदृढ़)

Bolster, Boost, Build up, Emphasize

Decrease, Discourage, Let down, Prevent

Sivam reinforced his participation in the Table Tennis championship.

Pursue

Verb

Follow (someone or something) in order to catch or attack them.

(पाने की कोशिश करना)

Chase, Course, Follow, Hound, Run, Shadow, Trace, Track, Trail

Guide, Lead, Pilot

I want to pursue a career in the stock market.

Paradigm

Noun

An outstanding example.

Framework shared by members of any group.

(मिसाल)

Archetype, Chart, Criterion, Ideal

-

He regarded science as a true paradigm of knowledge.

Accommodate

Verb

To do a kindness or a favour.

To provide suitably with something.

To lend money to someone.

To provide with a room and food.

To agree.

To bring into an agreement.

To provide with something desired.

(समायोजित करना/ झगड़ा तय करना/ अनुकूल बनाना/ स्थान देना/ जगह देना/ ठहराना)

Contain, Entertain, Hold, Rent, Shelter, Welcome, Adapt, Adjust, Fit, Integrate, Modify, Afford, Help, Provide, Serve, Sustain

Reject, Turn away, Bar, Block, Disarrange, Frustrate, Hinder, Impede

He was doubtful about the hotel being able to accommodate all the guests.

Aspirations

Noun

A desire to achieve things.

(आकांक्षा / महत्वाकांक्षा / तमन्ना / लालसा)

Aim, Ambition, Desire, Dream, Eagerness, Endeavour, Inclination, Longing, Objective, Passion

Apathy, Dislike, Hate, Hatred

He has many aspirations for his business.

Resolution

Noun

A firm decision to do or not to do something.

(संकल्प/ प्रस्ताव)

The quality of being determined or resolute.

(दृढ़ निश्चयी या दृढ़ होने का गुण)

The action of solving a problem, dispute, or contentious matter.

(समाधान)

Determination, Intention, Purpose, Resolve, Pledge, Commitment, Undertaking

Indecision, Apathy, Irresolution, Flexibility, Condemnation, Denial, Origin

I took a resolution to be financially independent by the end of this year.

Empowerment

Noun

The giving of power or authority.

The giving of an ability.

The state of being empowered to do something.

(सशक्तिकरण)

Accreditation, Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Approval, Assent, Clearance, Consent, Permission, Agreement

Opposition, Break, Disagreement, Denial, Refusal, Disapproval

The government is making all efforts towards women’s empowerment.

Abandon

Verb

To give up to the control of another person.

Leave behind.

To withdraw protection.

To give up control of something.

To yield oneself without restraint.

(छोड़ देना)

Desert, Discard, Discontinue, Ditch, Drop out, Leave

Advance, Allow, Begin, Come, Continue, Maintain

The building has been abandoned due to bad conditions.

Noun

Careless disregard for consequences.

Complete lack of inhibition.

(लापरवाही की स्वतंत्रता)

Spontaneity, Disregard, Freedom, Recklessness, Impulse

Restraint

Kamini played with reckless abandon in the match.

Adherence

Noun

Faithful attachment.

(अनुपालन)

Attachment, Loyalty, Obedience, Faithfulness

Disloyalty, Inconstancy, Unsteadiness

Your adherence to the policies of the company is very much required.

Framework

Noun

A basic structure or plan of concepts or rules.

A basic conceptional structure of ideas.

The large branches of the tree that determine its shape.

(रूपरेखा/ ढांचा/ तंत्र/ बनावट/ चौखटा)

Groundwork, Plan, Scheme, Structure, Cage, Architecture, Cadre, Edifice, Infrastructure, Skeleton

-

The structure was made with a steel framework.

Entitlement

Noun

The act of giving a title to something.

A provision, right or amount to which someone is entitled.

(पात्रता/ हकदारी)

Privilege, Requests, Compensation, Interest

Responsibility, Denial, Imprisonment, Incarceration

The entitlement of people from every section of society will make the plan holistic and inclusive.

Mitigate

Verb

To lessen in force or reduce in intensity.

(कम करना)

Allay, Ease, Mollify, Aggravate, Relieve

Exacerbate

The anger of my wife was mitigated after I presented a Rose to her.

Spur

Verb

Promote the development of.

(प्रोत्साहित करना)

Stimulate, Encourage, Prompt, Prod, Move

Hinder, Obstruct, Discourage, Boring

His passion for singing spurred him to set up a music academy.

Discrimination

Noun

Prejudiced treatment.

The ability to make fine and minute distinctions.

(भेदभाव/ विवेक)

Bigotry, Favouritism, Hatred, Inequity

Equity, Fairness

Discrimination is prohibited in our country by law.

Robust

Adjective

Strongly built.

(मज़बूत)

Booming, Hearty, Potent, Powerful

Ailing, Unfit, Fragile, Impotent

The new design of the bike is robust and stylish.

Timidity

Noun

The state of lacking in self-assurance.

(कातरता / कायरता / भीरूता / बुज़दिली)

Bashfulness, Quiet, Reserve, Timidness, Cowardice, Cowardliness, Faintheartedness, Fearfulness

Audacity, Boldness, Guts, Nerve

I believe that anyone can overcome their timidity.

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Question Of The Day

India is divided into how many earthquake zones (seismic zones)? / भारत को कितने भूकंप क्षेत्रों (भूकंपीय क्षेत्र) में विभाजित किया गया है?  


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