The Hindu Vocabulary 27 February 2023

2023-02-27

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 27 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Settling scores: On Congress leader Pawan Khera’s arrest’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Settling

Noun

The act of a person to settle somewhere.

The act of a person or thing that settles.

(तलछट/ गाद/ स्थायीकरण)

Adjusting, Atoning, Balanced, Balancing, Compelling, Convincing, Decisive, Indisputable, Irrefutable

Ambiguous, Disputable, Doubtful, Dubious

He talked about settling for the second-best college in case of a rejection from the best one.

Partisan

Noun

A supporter of a person, cause or a group

(पक्षपाती)

Backer, Defender, Zealot, Follower

Adversary, Antagonist, Opponent

Some partisan people do not understand the importance of unbiasedness.

Adjective

Prejudiced or blind adherence in favour of something.

(पक्षपातपूर्ण)

Biased, Partial, Prejudiced

Disinterested, Equal, Equitable, Objective

Partisan politicians are not good for the country.

Liberty

Noun

Freedom from arbitrary control.

Freedom from foreign rule.

Freedom from control or restrictions.

Freedom from captivity.

(स्वतंत्रता/ स्वाधीनता/ बेतकल्लुफ़ी)

Autarchy, Authorization, Autonomy, Birthright, Franchise, Immunity, Independence, Decision, Leave, Liberation

Denial, Dependence, Hold, Prohibition, Refusal, Responsibility, Veto, Arrest, Imprisonment, Work

My father always gave liberty to take our own decisions.

Deboard

Verb

To get out of a vehicle or a craft.

To cause someone to get out of a vehicle or a craft.

(जहाज से उतरना)

-

-

The crew asked the passengers to deboard the plane because of some technical fault.

Unsavoury

Adjective

Unpleasant in taste or smell.

Objectionable or distasteful.

(बेस्वाद/ फीका/ फीका/ फीका)

Distasteful, Nasty, Objectionable, Obnoxious, Dull, Flavourless, Gross, Icky, Shady, Unappetizing, Unpalatable

Agreeable, Appetizing, Delicious, Delightful, Good, Great, Kind, Nice, Palatable, Pleasant

Our competitors are performing unsavoury business practices.

Instance

Noun

A case or occurrence of anything.

A stage or situation is viewed as a series of events.

(उदाहरण/ घटना)

Case, Example, Illustration, Prototype

Hide

The whole financial crisis is an instance of a lack of economic outlook in the country.

Verb

To illustrate or mention as an example.

(उदाहरण के रूप में उद्धृत करें)

Adduce, Cite, Mention, Quote

Hide

She instanced her experience in such a product at her previous organization.

Interim

Noun

An intervening time.

A temporary or provisional arrangement.

An intervening time.

(अन्तरिम)

Meantime, Breach, Break, Breather, Hiatus, Downtime, Gap

Continuation, Continuity, Permanence

It is easy to manage and hire interims for a short-term project.

Adjective

Belonging to a temporary period.

(अन्तरिम का)

Provisional, Stopgap, Acting, Caretaker, Makeshift

Finished, Permanent, Continual, Permanent

The CEO asked us to look for a permanent solution instead of an interim one.

Cavalier

Adjective


Showing a lack of proper concern

(अभिमानपूर्ण)

Condescending, Curt, Disdainful, Haughty, Superior

Humble, Meek, Reticent, Shy

He has a cavalier disregard for the problems of others.

Integration

Noun

An instance of combining into an integral whole.

An instance of integrating an ethnic group.

Incorporation as equals into society.

An operation used in calculus.

(एकीकरण/ समाकलन/ एकता/ संघटन)

Assimilation, Alliance, Amalgamation, Combination

Disunion, Division, Divorce, Separation

The group is planning for the integration of similar companies into a single entity.

Outrage

Noun

An act of violence.

An action that violates the standard of behaviour.

Anything that wrongly offends the feelings.

(उल्लंघन/ ज़ुल्म/ अत्याचार)

Shock, Violence, Abuse, Affront, Fury, Indignation, Resentment, Hurt

Happiness, Cheer, Delight, Calm, Advantage, Help, Aid, Benefit, Blessing

People expressed outrage over arrest of their leader.

Verb

To subject to violence.

To offend.

To offend against shamelessly.

To violate the standards.

(भंग करना/ व्यतिक्रम करना)

Aggrieve, Incense, Infuriate, Insult

Compliment, Flatter, Gladden, Please, Praise, Aid

His comments outraged a particular community.

Egregious

Adjective

Outstandingly bad.

Shocking.

(प्रबल/ ज़बरदस्त/ पक्का/ कट्टर)

Extreme, Atrocious, Gross, Monstrous, Nefarious

Concealed, Good, Hidden, Mild, Minor

The developer made some egregious errors.

Offend

Verb

To cause difficulty or discomfort.

To cause anger.

To cause pain.

To transgress the law.

To commit a sin or crime.

(कष्ट पहुंचाना/ नाराज़ी करना/ अप्रसन्न करना/ नुक़सान पहुंचाना)

Aggrieve, Anger, Annoy, Antagonize, Disgust, Exasperate, Gall, Horrify, Sin, Transgress

Aid, Assist, Help, Order, Assuage, Appease, Calm, Comfort, Cure

Our Uncle was offended by the jolly nature of our friend.

Thwart

Verb

To oppose successfully.

(बिगाड़ना)

Circumvent, Curb, Defeat, Frustrate

Abet, Aid, Assist, Encourage

Her father did everything to thwart his financial crisis.

Noun

A seat across a boat.

(एक संरचनात्मक क्रॉसपीस कभी-कभी एक नाव में रोवर के लिए सीट बनाती है।)

-

-

They captured a beautiful picture while we sat on the thwart of the boat.

Adjective

Situated across something else.

(आड़ा)

-

-

There was a thwart piece of metal in the equipment.

Preposition

 

From one side to another across an area.

(एक तरफ से दूसरे क्षेत्र में)

-

-

The cough syrup bottle had a leakage and the water spread thwart the floor.

Insinuation

Verb

An indirect suggestion, especially of a derogatory nature.

Covert suggestion.

Subtle instillment into the mind.

An action or remark aimed at stealing favour and affection.

(आक्षेप/ कटाक्ष/ फुसलाव/ उकसावा)

Innuendo, Suggestion, Hint, Imputation, Aspersion, Inkling, Slander, Suggestion

-

My friend cleverly made insinuations.

Allegation

Noun

An assertion made with little or no proof.

(आरोप)

Accusation, Charge, Claim, Plea

Exculpation, Denial

The politician went to court for false allegations against him.

Proximity

 

Noun

Nearness to a place or a person.

Nearness in place, time, order or relation.

(निकटता/ सामीप्य)

Closeness, Adjacency, Concurrence, Contiguity

Distance, Remoteness

Modern families are no longer in close proximity to each other.  

Strident

Adjective

Loud and unpleasant

(तीक्ष्‍ण)

Blatant, Vociferous, Jarring, Discordant

Quiet, Subdued, Silent, Soft

The Bike is making strident noise.

Flout

Noun

A disdainful remark.

(उपहास/ अवज्ञा/ अनादर/ आक्षेप)

-

-

He treated the opponent with a flout.

Verb

To treat with disdain.

(अनादर करना/ अवज्ञा करना/ उपहास करना/ आक्षेप करना)

Defy, Disregard, Mock, Repudiate

Approve, Commend, Compliment, Flatter

They have louted the law despite knowing its consequence.

Norm

Noun

A standard model that has authoritative approval.

(मानदंड)

Benchmark, Criterion, Model, Rule

Extreme, Exception,

He has decided to follow a strict routine and all the fitness norms.

Criticism

Noun

The act of criticizing usually favourably.

The act of evaluating some work.

The expression of disapproval of someone or something on perceived mistakes.

The act of passing judgments on the merits of anything.

A critical comment.

A method of studying texts to reconstruct them.

(आलोचना/ समालोचना/ छिद्रान्वेषण/ समीक्षा)

Assessment, Comment, Critique, Judgment, Denunciation, Objection, Animadversion, Aspersion

Heedlessness, Compliment, Neglect, Approval, Estimation, Flattery, Praise, Sanction

He took the criticism in a fun way.

Haul up

Verb

To come to a stop.

To criticize.

To bring before a superior for judgment or reprimand.

To call to account.

(ढोना/ निर्णय या फटकार के लिए एक श्रेष्ठ के सामने लाना।)

Arrive, Brake, Pause, Bring up

Continue, Go

The Manager hauled up all the employees who were involved in the project.

Disconcert

Verb

To throw into confusion.

To throw into disorder.

(घबराना)

Abash, Confound, Confuse, Embarrass, Agitate, Bewilder, Confound, Discomfit

Aid, Assist, Calm, Verify

My wife’s rude and arrogant behaviour disconcerted me completely.

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