The Hindu Vocabulary 24 September 2022

2022-09-24

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 24 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Currency pressure: On the rupee’s depreciation against the dollar.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Depreciation

Noun

Decrease in value due to wear and tear.

A decrease in the value of a fixed asset.

(मूल्यह्रास/ घिसावट/ विमूल्यन/ मरम्मत के लिये छूट)

Deflation, Reduction, Slump, Fall

Increase, Appreciation

He was worried about his asset’s depreciation.

Stability

Noun

The state or quality of being stable.

(स्थिरता)

Balance, Cohesion, Establishment, Security

Doubt, Instability, Spinelessness, Uncertainty

His mental stability helps him work for longer durations.

Renew

Verb

To begin again.

To make it effective for an additional period.

To restore.

To begin again.

(नवीकरण/ नवीकरण करना/ नया करना/ पूर्व अवस्था में लाना)

Continue, Extend, Prolong, Reaffirm, Reestablish, Reopen, Repeat, Restate, Restore, Resume

Destroy, Finish, Halt, Shorten, Stop, Break, Damage, Depress

Human beings renew strength in sleep.

Unequivocal

Adjective

Leaving no doubt.

Clear, Having only one possible meaning

(स्पष्ट)

Unambiguous, Unmistakable, Absolute, Indisputable, Explicit

Equivocal, Ambiguous, Vague, Indistinct, Hazy

His explanation was unequivocal and factual.

Tame

Adjective

Reduced from a state of native wildness to being tractable and useful to humans

(पालतू)

Made docile and submissive

(विनम्र)

Lacking spirit

(निस्र्त्साह)

Domesticated, Docile, Trained, Pet

Feral, Savage, Undomesticated, Untamed, Wild

The leaders in front of Modi ran a tame campaign in assembly elections.

Verb

To bring under control

(वश में करना)

Check, Constrain, Control, Curb, Govern

Lose, Free

The Reserve Bank is trying to tame inflation.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

Inflation is a major issue in the United States.

Intervention

Noun

The action or process of intervening.

(हस्तक्षेप)

Interference, Mediation, Arbitration, Intercession

-

It was my intervention that prevented a fight between my two best friends.

Rein

Noun

A leather strap, attached to each end of the bridle, by which the rider controls the horse or other animals by pulling it.

A restraining influence.

Opportunity for unhindered activity.

(लगाम/ नियंत्रण/ बाग-डोर)

Curb, Bit, Deterrent, Brake, Guide, Check

Release

My wife gave her full rein to learn guitar.

Verb

To curb or control.

To stop as if by pulling reins.

(रोकना/ संयम करना/ अधीन करना)

Curb, Repress, Restrict, Collect, Compose, Cool, halt, Suppress

Encourage, Continue, Free, Disperse, Scatter, Release

My son is unable to rein in his anger.

Volatility

Noun

A tendency to change quickly.

A state of being volatile.

A tendency to erupt in anger.

The quality of being readily vaporizable at fairly low temperatures.

(अस्थिरता/ परिवर्तनशीलता/ उड़नशीलता/ शीघ्रवाष्पशीलता)

Dryness, Vaporization, Buoyancy, Unpredictability

Calmness, Stability, Silence

The volatility of the share market took retail investors’ money.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

An instance of the entrance to take possession.

(आक्रमण/ हमला/ चढ़ाई/ धावा)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

India conveyed to the world that it is time for peace and cooperation and not for war and invasion.

Accrue

Verb

To increase by addition or growth.

To happen as natural growth.

(वृद्धि होना/ उपाजित होना/ देय होना/ निकलना)

Accumulate, Amass, Enlarge, Build up

Disperse, Dissipate, Spend, Decrease, Diminish

He has accrued 100s of paid leaves during his 20 years of career.

Semblance

Noun

Outward aspect or appearance.

An assumed appearance.

The slightest trace.

A likeness.

(दिखावा/ अनुरूपता)

Pretense, Veneer, Affinity, Air

Reality, Back, Character, Concrete

She tried to show some semblance of confidence even though her preparation for the exam was not good enough.

Monetary

Adjective

Relating to coinage or currency of a country.

Relating to money.

(मुद्रा/ मुद्रा-संबंधी)

Financial, Fiscal, Pecuniary, Pocket

Nonfinancial

He was worried about his monetary gains in the organization.

Substantially

Adverb

To a large extent

(काफी हद तक)

Considerably, Essentially, Extensively, Largely, Materially

Slightly, Insignificantly

He has devoted himself substantially to the preparation of the Civil Services.

Tighten

Verb

To make tight.

(तानना/ दबा देना/ कसकर बाँधना)

Narrow, Stiffe, Toughen, Compress

Untighten, Allow, Concentrate, Enlarge

I tightened the screw in all the gates in my house.

Ensure

Verb

To make sure of.

To guarantee.

(पक्का करना)

Assure, Establish, Insure, Effect

Endanger, Harm, Hurt, Neglect

My father ensured the entire family’s well-being.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?