The Hindu Vocabulary 23 September 2022

2022-09-23

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 23 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘For internal democracy: On Election Commission of India rejecting notion of ‘leader for life’ in political parties.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Notion

Noun

An individual’s conception of something known.

A personal inclination.

(धारणा/ विचार/ भाव/ अभिप्राय)

Approach, Assumption, Concept, Conception, Impulse, Wish, Caprice, Conceit

Being, Concrete, Reality, Ignorance, Reality, Truth

I was shocked by his strange notions.

Inherently

Adverb

As a natural quality.

(स्वाभाविक)

Constitutionally, Genetically, Intrinsically, Naturally

Extraneously, Extrinsically

Artificial Intelligence is not inherently evil.

Absurd

Adjective

Wildly unreasonable, illogical, or inappropriate.

Having no rational relationship to human life.

(बेतुका/ असंगत/ विवेकहीन/ विवेकशून्य/ हास्यास्पद/ मूर्खतापूर्ण)

 

Preposterous, Ridiculous, Farcical, Risible, Idiotic, Crazy, Foolish, Goofy, Illogical, Irrational, Laughable, Nonsensical, Silly, Unreasonable, Wacky, Stupid

Logical, Practical, Rational, Reasonable, Sensible, Responsible, Realistic, Smart, Wise, Certain

His movies are filled with absurd humor only.

Noun

The quality of existing in a meaningless and irrational world.

(एक अर्थहीन और तर्कहीन दुनिया में विद्यमान होने का गुण।)

-

-

I did go to the theatre of absurd but did not enjoy it much.

Insistence

Noun

The act of insisting.

The quality of being insistent.

(आग्रह/ ज़ोर/ अनुरोध/ बल)

Emphasis, Persistence, Urging, Importunity

Disavowal

Radha agreed to join the coaching institute at her mother’s insistence.

Myriad

Adjective

countless or extremely great in number.

(असंख्य)

Innumerable, Countless, Infinite, Numberless, Unlimited, Untold

Scarce, Scanty, Sparse, Less, Lack, Meagre, Dearth

Today’s youngsters have a myriad of ideas.

Strand

Noun

The land bordering the sea.

An element of woven material.

(किनारा/ लड़/ भांज/ रस्सी का बल)

Fiber, Filament, Rope, String

Hunk

They brought strands of the finest cotton available in the market.

Cleavage

Verb

The act of splitting.

A critical division in opinions, beliefs, interests, etc.

(दरार/ फाड़ना/ चीरना/ मतभेद)

Chasm, Rift, Schism, Break

Closure, Closing, Juncture, Solid

The cleavage between the rich and poor is clear.

Fragmentation

Noun

The act of fragmenting.

(विखंडन)

Dissolution, Decentralization, Demoralization, Putrefaction

Unification, Join

Geopolitical fragmentation between Russia and USA is not a good sign for globalization.

Federalise

Verb

To bring under the control of the federal government.

To unite under a federal system.

(संघ बनाना)

-

-

People were not in favour of stripping the states’ rights and federalizing the elections.

Charismatic

Adjective

Exhibiting charisma.

Relating to charisma.

(करिश्माई)

Appealing, Alluring, Hypnotic, Magnetic

Unalluring, Repugnant, Revolting, Repulsive

Everyone was a fan of his charismatic leadership.

Coterie

Noun

A small group of people with shared interests or tastes, especially one that is exclusive of other people.

(मंडली)

Cadre, Clique, Circle

-

He is admired by the coterie of his office colleagues.

Mandate

Noun

A command from a higher authority to a lower one.

The power that voters give to their elected leader.

(जनादेश)

Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Empowerment

Breach, Break, Denial, Question

Every party thinks that they will get a clear mandate.

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

The Management has mandated school uniforms on weekdays for faculties also.

Consensus

Noun

Majority of opinion.

The general agreement of all those concerned.

(आम सहमति)

Accord, Consent, Unanimity, Agreement

Conflict, Dissensus, Disagreement, Opposition

We reached a consensus while discussing doing charity at the festival.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?