The Hindu Vocabulary 22 September 2022

2022-09-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 22 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A dangerous moment: On Vladimir Putin’s troop mobilisation.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Moment

Noun

An indefinitely short period of time.

Importance or consequence.

(पल/ समय/ मिनट/ दम)

Occasion, Time, Bit, Date, Flash, Hour

Whole, Triviality, Unimportance

Moments after the thunderstorm it began to rain.

Troop

Noun

An assemblage of persons.

A group of soldiers.

(सैन्यदल)

Army, Contingent, Crew, Delegation

Individual, One

India has sent some troops for UN Peacekeeping Missions.

Verb

To gather in a company.

To move in large numbers.

(बड़ी संख्या में स्थानांतरित करना)

Gather

Alone

The forces began trooping outside the city.

Mobilization

Noun

The act or process of preparing something for action.

(गतिमान करना)

Rally, Active service, Assemblage, Compilation. Lot

Division, Individual, Separation

All the neighbouring countries of Ukraine were ready with the mobilization of troops.

Setback

Noun

 

A checking of progress.

An instance of setting back.

A reversal in progress.

(नाकामयाबी/ देर/ विलंब/ गिरना)

Blow, Defeat, Delay, Difficulty, Hindrance, Impediment, Misfortune, Obstacle

Advance, Assistance, Advantage, Aid

War has been a major setback for Russia.

Evidence

Noun

Something that tends to prove or disprove something.

(सबूत)

Attestation, Confirmation, Proof, Substantiation

Disproof, Conceal, Hide, Obscure

He asked me to check in the department about what evidence is going to be presented in Court.

Irrationality

Noun

The quality of being illogical or unreasonable.

(तर्कहीनता)

Foolishness, Illogicality, Illogicalness, Impracticality

Logical, Rationality, Sound, Valid

I avoided arguing further with Suresh because of his irrationality.

Acknowledgment

Noun

Acceptance of some truth or something.

A thing done to give recognition of something received.

(स्वीकृति)

Acceptance, Admission, Affirmation, Assent

Denial, Disagreement, Dissent, Refusal

My lawyer asked me to avoid acknowledgment of any fact during the investigation.

Escalate

Verb

Increase rapidly

(तीव्र करना)

Soar, Shoot up, Mount, Surge, Go up, Expand

Decline, Decrease, Diminish, Drop, Reduce

If you abuse your opponent, it will only escalate the issue.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

They have conflicted to the point of separation.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

The Party president called both groups to resolve the conflict.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

An instance of the entrance to take possession.

(आक्रमण/ हमला/ चढ़ाई/ धावा)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

Now is not the time for invasion and war.

Conscription

Noun

A necessary service in the country’s armed forces.

(भरती/ अनिवार्य सैनिक सेवा)

Enrollment, Induction

-

Many argued that people often join some form of civilian service to avoid conscription into the army.

Reinvigoration

Noun

The act of giving new strength to someone or something again.

(नवशक्ति संचार)

Comeback, Healing, Improvement, Recuperation

Destruction, Deterioration, Relapse

The government has done many things for the reinvigoration of the Economy.

Sanction

 

Noun

Official permission or approval for an action.

(प्रतिबंध)

Authorization, Consent, Leave, Permission, Authority

Prohibition, Ban, Prohibit, Obstruct, Hinder

The government has put a sanction on certain commodities export.  

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

Your department’s request for extra resources has been sanctioned.

Trigger

Verb

Cause to happen

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bring about, Generate, Cause, Provoke

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

Public outrage was triggered due to corruption in government.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?