The Hindu Vocabulary 21 September 2022

2022-09-21

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 21 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Promising breakthrough: On NSCN(I-M)‘s decision to resume Naga peace talks.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Breakthrough

Noun

A sudden, dramatic, and important discovery or development.

(अचानक और महत्वपूर्ण खोज या विकास)

Boost, Development, Discovery, Finding, Improvement

Decline, Loss, Decrease, Step back

The development of long-lasting electric car batteries is a breakthrough in Green transportation.

Conditional

Adjective

Imposing a condition.

Expressing a supposition.

(सशर्त/ प्रतिबंधात्मक) 

Limited, Provisional, Restrictive, Tentative

Certain, Definite, Independent, Unconditional

The Manager made a conditional promise.

Intention

Noun

A thing intended.

(इरादा)

Aim, Hope, Motive, Objective

Discouragement

He showed intentions to contest the presidential elections.

Deadlock

Noun

A state of neutralization resulting from the opposition of equally powerful persons.

(गतिरोध/ रोक/ गत्यवरोध/ संकट)

Stalemate, Gridlock, Plight, Predicament

Solution, Advantage, Continuation, Start

The Council has reached a deadlock over the decision.

Verb

To come to a deadlock.

(गतिरोध में आना।)

-

-

He is not your supporter since he tried to deadlock the situation between you and the organization.

Framework

Noun

A basic structure or plan of concepts or rules.

A basic conceptional structure of ideas.

The large branches of the tree that determine its shape.

(रूपरेखा/ ढांचा/ तंत्र/ बनावट/ चौखटा)

Groundwork, Plan, Scheme, Structure, Cage, Architecture, Cadre, Edifice, Infrastructure, Skeleton

-

The framework used for development is a new concept.

Overcome

Verb

To get the better of in a struggle.

To prevail over someone such as opposition.

To win.

(काबू पाना/ जीतना)

Conquer, Crush, Overpower, Overwhelm

Surrender, Yield, Help, Lose

We need to overcome all the hindrances in our way.

Accord

Noun

Consent or concurrence of opinions.

(तालमेल/ सहमाति/ सांजस्य/ आपसी मेल)

Deal, Pact, Reconciliation, Accordance

Disagreement, Difference, Discord, Disunity

The Paris accord was a remarkable agreement.

Verb

To be in agreement or harmony.

To grant appropriate due.

(सहमत करना/ सहमत होना/ स्वीकार करना/ मिलान करना)

Bestow, Confirm, Affirm, Agree

Take, deny, Differ, Disagree

The theory of researchers accords with the known facts.

Cynicism

Noun

A cynical remark.

A cynical attitude.

(कुटिलता)

Bitterness, Distrust, Doubt, Pessimism, Sarcasm

Belief, Confidence, Faith, Trust

Your explanation won’t change her cynicism about politics.

Ceasefire

Noun

A cessation of hostilities.

(संघर्ष विराम)

Armistice, Truce

Fight, War

None of the parties is ready for a ceasefire.

Splinter

Noun

A small needle-like particle.

A group broke away from a parent body.

(किरच)

Bit, Chip, Needle, Flake

Whole

I got a splinter in my finger.

Verb

To split into long thin pieces.

(पतली पट्टी चीरना)

Disintegrate, Fracture, Split, Rive, Shatter, Slice

Combine, Fix, Mend, Unite

The mobile screen splintered all over the floor.

Insurgency

Noun

An active revolt or uprising.

The quality of being insurgent.

(विद्रोह)

Rebel, Rise, Riot, Affinity, Violence

Amicable, Amiability, Friendly, Inhostile

Some rebel groups are supporting insurgency that the government needs to tackle.

Pave

Verb

To lay or cover with some material like concrete.

To prepare a smooth and easy way.

(मार्ग बनाना/ पत्थर बैठाना/ फ़र्श लगाना)

Brick, Cobblestone, Flagstone, Gravel

Dig up, Strip

The track around the grass has been paved overnight.

Noun

A setting of precious stones placed so closely together that no metal shows.

A paved street.

(प्रशस्त/ नगीना जड़ना/ पक्का रास्ता/ पट्टियां या ईंट जडना/ फर्श बन्दी करना)

-

-

A multicoloured pave has been proposed for the city park.

Conflagrations

Noun

A destructive fire.

A large disastrous fire.

(आग)

Blaze, Bonfire, Inferno, Wildfire, Burning, Flaming

-

The conflagration destroyed our inventory.

Stumble

Noun

The act of stumbling.

(ठोकर)

Blunder, Bobble, Mistake, Oversight

-

I think his remarks were a regrettable stumble instead of an intentional one.

Verb

To cause to trip.

To strike the foot against something as in walking.

To walk unsteadily.

To make an error.

(ठमकना/ गिर पड़ना)

Bumble, Careen, Fall, Falter

Continue, Correct, Fix, Straighten

She stumbled while walking on the pavement.

Interlocutor

Noun

A person who takes part in a conversation. (वार्ताकार)

Interrogator, Questioner, Interviewer, Speaker

-

He has been appointed as an interlocutor for negotiations in North-Eastern India.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?