The Hindu Vocabulary 20 September 2022

2022-09-20

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 20 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘The best of four: On Punia’s fourth world Wrestling Championships medal.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Decorated

Noun

Having been awarded a mark of honour.

Furnished with something ornamental.

(सजा हुआ/ विभूषित/ पुरस्कृत किया हुआ/ संवारा हुआ)

Embellished, Decked, Enhanced, Garnished, Embossed, Complicated, Decorative, Dignified, Distinguished

Marred, Unadorned, Plain, Poor, Unknown, Disgraced

Jacob is a decorated Navy officer.

Unprecedented

Adjective

Exceptional

(अभूतपूर्व) 

Bizzare, Extraordinary, Fantastic, Unusual, Remarkable

Bad, Common, Normal, Ordinary, Familiar

The sales records set this month are unprecedented.

Reiterate

Verb

To say something again or several times, typically for emphasis or clarity.

(दोहराना/ बारम्बार दुहराना)

Repeat, Restate, Retell, Recapitulate, Echo, Renew, Ingeminate, Recap

Ignore, Avoid, Distract, Neglect

The program was designed to reiterate the tasks for achieving optimized results.

Stature

Noun

The height of the human body.

The height of any object.

Quality gained by growth.

(डील-डौल/ उच्चता/ महानता/ उंचाई)

Ability, Cachet, Caliber, Capacity

Impotence, Inability, Inadequacy, Incompetence

The organization has grown in stature during her time as the CEO.

Impediment

Noun

Anything that hinders or obstructs something.

(बाधा)

Balk, Bar, Block, Chain, Barrier, Burden, Deterrent, Difficulty, Drawback

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit, Blessing, Allowance, Boon

We are facing many impediments in running the NGO.

Overcome

Verb

To get the better of in a struggle.

To prevail over someone such as opposition.

To win.

(काबू पाना/ जीतना)

Conquer, Crush, Overpower, Overwhelm

Surrender, Yield, Help, Lose

He identified and overcame his weaknesses.

Indifferent

Adjective

Without interest.

Having no prejudice.

Neither good nor bad in quality or character.

(उदासीन/ तटस्थ/ असावधान/ निरपेक्ष)

Aloof, Apathetic, Callous, Detached

Biased, Caring, Compassionate, Concerned

He has become indifferent to the problems of his family members.

Repechage

Noun

A contest in which the best-placed of those who failed to win heats compete for a place in the final.

(रिपिचेज)

Appear, Emerge, Happen, Occur

Disappear, Hide, Leave, Lose

Indian athletes won the repechage and entered the finals.

Deficit

Noun

Shortage of something required

(घाटा)

Loss, Shortfall, Arrears, Default, Deficiency, Dues

Abundance, Adequacy, Advantage, Enough, Plenty

There is a deficit of funds in the department.

Elite

Noun

A group of people in society who exercise most power or influence by some possession like education or wealth.

(समाज का उत्कृष्ट भाग)

Beat, Pick, Aristocracy, Royalty

Bad, Reject

They called all the elites of the city to their son’s wedding.

Adjective

Representing the most selectable among choices available.

(उपलब्ध विकल्पों में से सबसे अधिक चयन योग्य का प्रतिनिधित्व करना।)

Exclusive, Choice

Bad, Inferior, Poor, Lower

He has friends belonging to elite class.

Testament

Noun

A person’s will relating to personal property.
A tangible proof.

(नियम/ वसीयतनामा/ इच्छापत्र/ वसीयत)

Proof, Testimonial, Testimony, Attestation

Contradiction

The success of online companies is a testament to the effectiveness of the internet.

Longevity

Noun

A long individual life.

The duration of life.

Length of service.

(लंबी उम्र/ दीर्घायु/ आयु/ दीर्घजीवन/ लम्बी उम्र)

Durability, Endurance, Lastingness, Old age

-

Their bloodline is known for longevity for generations.

Booster

Noun

Someone or something that boosts and acts as support.

(पहले से प्रशासित इंजेक्शन के प्रभाव को बढ़ाने के लिए प्रतिरक्षादमनकारी एजेंट)

Backer, Promoter, Protagonist, Supporter

Adversary, Opponent, Detractor

The steps taken by the Government will act as a booster to solve the problem.

Reassure

Verb

To restore to confidence.

(आश्वस्त/ यक़ीन दिलाना)

Assure, Bolster, Buoy, Cheer

Distress, Torment, Annoy, Depress

The findings of the report were reassuring for the Public.

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