The Hindu Vocabulary 8 November 2022

2022-11-08

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 8 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Economics and exclusion: On SC upholding 10% EWS quota.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Exclusion

Noun

the process of excluding or the state of being excluded.

(बहिष्करण)

Barring, Debarring, Disbarring, Banning, Restricting

Allowing, Accepting, Admitting, Inclusion, Indulgement

The exclusion of poor students from participating in the exhibition will not be tolerated.

Uphold

Verb

To give support or defend.

(बरकरार रखा)

Confirm, Defend, Support, Back, Promote

Attack, Deny, Oppose, Protest

The Supreme Court has upheld the validity of the 103rd Constitutional Amendment.

Sole

Adjective

Being the only one.

Being the only one of the kind.

Belonging exclusively to one usually specified individual.

(एकमात्र/ अकेला/ व्यक्तिगत/ वैयक्तिक)

Exclusive, Lone, One, Particular, One and only, Remaining, Ace

Combined, Common, General, Together, Ordinary, Together, United, Shared

He is the sole earner in his family.

Noun

The undersurface of a foot.

The flattened bottom part of something or the base on which something rests.

(तला/ तलवा/ पैर का तलवा/ जूते का तल्ला)

-

-

She could not walk a bit with her shoes’ soles damaged.

Verb

To furnish with a sole.

(तला लगाना)

 

 

The cobbler denied to sole my shoes as they were too damaged to be repaired.

Hurdles

Noun

A problem or difficulty that must be overcome.

(बाधा)

Difficulty, Hindrance, Bar, Obstruction, Wall

Aid, Advantage, Assistance, Ease, Help

They say hurdles are good as they help us to take a long leap.

Amendment

Noun

The process of altering a law in a constitutional procedure.

A material that aids plant growth by improving the soil condition.

(संशोधन)

Change, Modification, reform, Remedy, Act, Bill, Measure, Motion

Damage, Harm, Injury, Repose

The new amendment to the Constitution was welcomed by all.

Dislodge

Verb

Knock or force out of position

(जगह देना)

Remove, Displace, Force out, Evict, Oust

Take in, Plant, Sow, Order

Rishi failed to dislodge Rakesh from the team lead’s position.

Affirmative

Adjective

Agreeing with or consenting to a statement or request.

(सकारात्मक)

Positive, Assenting, Consenting, Agreeing, Concurring, Favourable

Dissenting, Negative, Differ, Demur, Diverge, Differentiate, Divert

You need to solve this issue with an affirmative approach.

Paradigm

Noun

A typical example or pattern of something; a pattern or model.

(उदाहरण)

Model, Pattern, Example, Standard, Prototype

-

There is a new paradigm of singing in India.

Purview

Noun

The scope of the influence or concerns of something.

(क्षेत्र)

Extent, Range, Reach, Span, Sweep, Ambit

-

Due to your aggression, the case has come out of my preview.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

A set of rules about food or exercise that some people follow in order to stay healthy.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The new regime has promised to eliminate poverty in every form.

Discrimination

Noun

Prejudiced treatment.

The ability to make fine and minute distinctions.

(भेदभाव/ विवेक)

Bigotry, Favouritism, Hatred, Inequity

Equity, Fairness

Indian Constitution prohibits any sort of discrimination on the basis of color, caste, race, place of birth and sex.

Legitimacy

Noun

The state or quality of being legitimate or legal.

(वैधता)

Lawfulness, Legality

Illegality, Unlawfulness, Wrongfulness

The legitimacy of the new act was confirmed by the high court judgement.

Norm

Noun

A standard model that has authoritative approval.

(मानदंड)

Benchmark, Criterion, Model, Rule

Extreme, Exception,

The government has rolled out new norms for four wheelers.

Emancipate

Verb

To free from restraint

To free from any controlling influence

(स्वतंत्र करना)

Liberate, Loosen, Affranchise, Deliver, Discharge

Detain, Hold, Imprison, Keep, Bind

He fled from the country to emancipate himself from his relatives.

Undermine

Verb

Lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.

(दुर्बल करना)

Subvert, Sabotage, Threaten, Weaken, Diminish

Push, Urge, Stimulate, Boost, Enhance, Improve, Strengthen

How could you undermine his years of hard work at the organization?

Consciously

Adverb

In a deliberate and intentional way

(जान-बूझकर)

Deliberately, Intentionally, Carefully, Discreetly, Prudently

Unintentionally

He consciously chose to skip his own birthday party.

Alleviation

Noun

The action or process of making suffering, deficiency, or a problem less severe.

(उन्मूलन)

Relief, Mitigation, Abatement, Assuagement, Ease, Comfort

-

Governments around the world are taking measures for the alleviation of poverty.

Dissent

Noun

Disagreement

(मतभेद)

Discord, Disunity, Objection, Opposition

Acceptance, Agreement, Peace, Accord

Some of the officers tried to suppress political dissent.

Verb

Disagree

(विरोध करना)

Contradict, Demur, Differ, Argue, Oppose

Accept, Agree, Consent, Approve

Two out of the five judges dissented from the majority opinion.

Eligibility

Noun

The state of being eligible for something.

(पात्रता/ योग्यता/ ग्राह्यता/ उपयुक्तता)

Qualification, Ability, Acceptability

-

The eligibility criteria to apply for the post of Income Tax officer are given in the notification.

Modulated

Verb

Exert a modifying or controlling influence on

To tune to a key or pitch

(व्यवस्थित करना)

Adjust, Inflect, Attune, Balance, Regulate, Restrain, Switch

-

The singer modulated his voice by hearing it.

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