The Hindu Vocabulary 7 November 2022

2022-11-07

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 7 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘High stakes: On the 2022 Gujarat Assembly Elections and the BJP.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Stake

Noun

A stick pointed at one end for driving into the ground as a boundary mark.

A post to which a person is bound for execution, usually by burning.

(दांव/ पण/ खूंटा/ शंकु)

Claim, Interest, Share, Pale, Picket, Post, Rod, Chance, Risk, Venture, Ante, Award, Interest, Involvement

Whole, Certainty, Safety

The stakes are too high in the steel industry.

Verb

To mark as with stakes.

To possess as if by marking or bounding with stakes.

To back financially.

To tether to a stake.

(दांव लगाना/ खूंटे से बांधना/बाज़ी लगाना/ जोखिम लेना)

Back, Bankroll, Capitalize, Chance

Defund

She staked the entire financial needs of the company with her own money.

Outsize

Adjective

Exceptionally large

(बहुत बड़ा)

 

Hue, Oversized, Enormous, Gigantic, Great, Mammoth

Minor, Small, Tiny, Minute, Little, Miniscule, Short

It was interesting to purchase at their store as they offer Small, Medium, Large, and Outsize.

Prevail

Verb

To gain ascendancy through superiority.

To become effective.

To be frequent.

To succeed.

To use persuasion successfully.

To be superior in power.

(प्रचलित होना/ जीतना/ प्रबल होना/ बहकाना)

Abound, Beat, Gain, Master, Overcome, Prove

Fail, Surrender, Follow, Forfeit, Lose

Many start and few prevail till the end.

Emergence

Noun

The act of emerging.

An outgrowth on the surface of a plant.

The event of coming into existence.

Penetration of the soil surface by a newly germinated plant.

(उद्भव/ निकलना/ उन्मज्जन/ उदगमन)

Development, Evolution, Appearance, Emanation

Decrease, Stoppage

The Internet’s emergence as a necessity in everyone’s life has taken place rapidly.

Contender

Noun

A person or group competing with others to achieve something.

(प्रतियोगी)

Adversary, Challenger, Competition, Contestant, Opponent

Ally, Associate, Helper

Arvind Kejriwal is planning to field contenders from all the constituencies in Gujarat.

Incumbent

Adjective

Necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility.

(निर्भर)

Binding, obligatory, Compulsory, Necessary, Required

Optional, Voluntary, Discretionary, Elective, Free, Open

It is incumbent upon us to fulfill our professional as well as personal duties.

Noun

Officeholder

(पदधारी)

Occupant, Official

-

The incumbent CEO is facing heat over his comments.

Inexplicable

Adjective

Beyond comprehension

(अकथनीय)

Baffling, Strange, Unaccountable, Mysterious, Incomprehensible

Comprehensible, Explainable, Normal, Regular, Intelligible

The inexplicable actions of the company have caused a disturbance in daily operations.

Symbolism

Noun

The practice of representing things by symbols.

The act of conveying some invisible meaning using visible representations.

(प्रतीकवाद)

Metaphor, Analogy, Comparison

-

The story narrated by my grandmother was filled with religious symbolism.

Mobilization

Noun

The act or process of preparing something for action.

(गतिमान करना)

Rally, Active service, Assemblage, Compilation. Lot

Division, Individual, Separation

In an emergency situation, the mobilization of resources is the first step.  

Personnel

Noun

A body of persons employed in an organization or a factory.

A department in an organization that deals with matters related to employees.

(कार्मिक/ कर्मचारी वर्ग/ अमला)

Cadre, Crew, Group, Organization, Staff, People, Troop, Workforce, Manpower

-

Every organization requires skilled personnel.

Intense

Adjective

Existing in a high degree.

Acute feelings.

Of an extreme kind.

Having a characteristic or quality to a high degree.

(गहन/ तीव्र/ अत्यधिक/प्रचंड)

Acute, Bitter, Deep, Energetic, Excessive, Extraordinary, Extreme, Fierce

Above-board, Agreeable, Bland, Blunt, Calm

The India and Bangladesh match was very intense.

Antipathy

Noun

A natural aversion.

An instinctive or opposition in feeling.

A strong feeling of dislike.

Something disliked.

(घृणा/ चिढ़/ सहज-विरोधि/ विरोधभाव)

Animosity, Animus, Antagonism, Aversion, Disgust, Dislike

Friendliness, Friendship, Kindness, Liking, Love, Sympathy

People usually have an antipathy to taxes.

Citadel

Noun

A fortress that commands a city and is used in the control of the inhabitants and defense during attack.

Any strongly fortified place.

(गढ़/ दुर्ग/ गढ़ी/ कोट)

Bastion, Fortification, Fortress, Blockhouse

-

IITs are a citadel of higher education.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

He took the class despite feeling ill.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

The despite felt by him at the party was way too much to handle.

Perception

Noun

The way in which something is regarded, understood, or interpreted.

(दृष्टिकोण)

Understanding, Judgement, Observation, Thought, Interpretation

Ignorance, Avoiding, Incomprehension, Idiocy

It is your perception that will make difference in your approach to a problem.

REPUBLIC DAY OFFER get 25% Off
Use Coupon code REPUBLIC

six months current affairs 2022 july december Rs.199/- Read More
half yearly current affairs july december july december 2022 in detail Rs.219/- Read More
half yearly current affairs in hindi jul dec 2022 in detail Rs.219/- Read More
six months current affairs 2022 book in hindi july december Rs.199/- Read More

Share Blog


Current Affairs

Attempt Daily Current
Affairs Quiz

Attempt Quiz



Question Of The Day

Select the option that is related to the third number in the same way as the second number is related to the first number.

2 : 72 :: 3 : ?