The Hindu Vocabulary 5 November 2022

2022-11-05

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 5 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Remote voting: On postal ballot for NRIs'.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Diaspora

Noun

The scattering of Jews to countries outside of Palestine after the Babylonian captivity.

A group migration or flight from a region.

People settled far from their ancestral homelands.

People who come from a particular nation, or whose ancestors came from it, but now live in many different parts of the world.

(प्रवासी/ प्रसार/ फैलाव/ प्रचार)

Exodus, Disbandment, Dispersal, Dispersion

-

Indian diaspora is very strong in the United States.

Enroll

Verb

To write the name of a person in a roll or register.

To enlist oneself.

To put in a record.

To enroll oneself.

(सूची में नाम लिखना/ सेना में भर्ती करना/ न्यायालय के रजिस्टर में दर्ज करना/ नामांकित करना)

Accept, Admit, Employ, Engage, Register, Affix, Book, Catalog

Decline, Deny, Dismiss, Dispute, Eject, Erase, Disarrange, Disorder, Cancel, Dodge

I enrolled my son in karate classes.

Disincentive

Noun

Something that discourages.

Something that acts as a discouragement or deterrent.

(निस्र्त्साह/ निरूत्साहन/ निरूत्साहक/ निवर्तक)

Deterrence, Dissuasion, Obviation, Preclusion, Hindrance, Obstacle, Bridle, Check, Bar, Constraint, Curb, Damper, Bump, Difficulty, Handicap, Hardship

Assistance, Help, Encouragement, Catalyst, Advance, Advantage, Aid, Happiness, Ease, help

A complicated tax system acts as a disincentive for startups.

Mandate

Noun

A command from a higher authority to a lower one.

The power that voters give to their elected leader.

(जनादेश)

Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Empowerment

Breach, Break, Denial, Question

BJP is going to get a public mandate as per exit polls in Gujarat.

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

Ministry of Road has mandated the wearing of seatbelts for the passengers at the back of the car.

Evident

Adjective

Plain or clear to understand.

(प्रत्यक्ष/ सुस्पष्ट)

Conspicuous, Indisputable, Noticeable, Obvious, Ostensible, Reputed

Concealed, Doubtful, Dubious, Hidden

It is quite evident that you are not interested.

Proxy

Noun

The authority to represent someone else, especially in voting.

(प्रतिनिधि)

Deputy, Representative, Substitute, Delegate

-

The CEO has appointed a proxy to represent him in judicial matters.

Lapse

Noun

A slight error is typically due to a lack of attention.

(भूल)

Knock, Reversal, Setback, Blunder, Crime

Accuracy, Behaviour, Care

Harry claimed that the mistake was due to a technical lapse from the developer.

Verb

To go out of existence.

(समाप्त होना)

Finish, Cease, Quit, Stop

Continue, Alive, Persist

I need a new pollution certificate for my car as the existing one has lapsed.

Burden

Noun

Something that is carried.

Something that is oppressive, worrisome, or obligatory.

(बोझ)

Chorus, Refrain, Haul, Concern, Onus, Anxiety, Difficulty, Strain

Advantage, Aid, Assistance, Benefit

Parents should make sure that their kids are not feeling any burden.

Personnel

Noun

A body of persons employed in an organization or a factory.

A department in an organization that deals with matters related to employees.

(कार्मिक/ कर्मचारी वर्ग/ अमला)

Cadre, Crew, Group, Organization, Staff, People, Troop, Workforce, Manpower

-

The company invests a lot in hiring skilled personnel.

Minuscule

Adjective

Extremely small

(अत्यंत छोटा) 

Tiny, Minute, Microscopic, Little

Big, Huge, Enormous, Large

He gets worried over minuscule issues also.

Infructuous

Adjective

Unfruitful or unprofitable

(निष्फल)

Fruitless

Fruitful, Profitable

He pulled out of the infructuous process.

Eligibility

Noun

The state of being eligible for something.

(पात्रता/ योग्यता/ ग्राह्यता/ उपयुक्तता)

Qualification, Ability, Acceptability

-

One must check the SSC CGL eligibility before starting SSC CGL online application.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

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