The Hindu Vocabulary 6 February 2023

2023-02-06

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 7 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘End-of-life decisions: On SC’s legal status to advance medical directives.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Tweak

Verb

Twist or pull (something) sharply.

(मरोड़ना)

Twist, Tug, Nip, Twitch, Squeeze, Jerk

Properly, Straighten, Align, Adjust, Set, Tidy, Arrange

Shalini tweaked the controls in the machine and made everything work.

Norm

Noun

A standard model that has authoritative approval.

(मानदंड)

Benchmark, Criterion, Model, Rule

Extreme, Exception,

It is not easy to follow his tight work regime.

Legislation

Noun

The act of legislating.

The act of making laws.

(विधान/ विधि निर्माण/ क़ानून/ विधि)

Act, Bill, Charter, Constitution

-

The major function of parliament is legislation.

Directives

Noun

An authoritative instruction.

(आदेश/ निदेशक)

Decree, Edict, Injunction, Mandate

Disorganization, Lawlessness

The law has been modified through a presidential directive.

Euthanasia

Noun

The painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease or in an irreversible coma.

(इच्छामृत्यु)

Assisted suicide

-

The authorities are using euthanasia for animals facing extreme suffering.

Stringent

Adjective

Strict, precise, and exacting.

(कठोर)

Binding, Demanding, Strict, Stiff, Confining

Amenable, Calm, Easy, Pliable, Gentle

The students protested against the stringent entry time into the lab.

Vital

Adjective

Essential

(महत्वपूर्ण)

Critical, Basic, Crucial, Decisive, Meaningful

Additional, Extra, Optional, Meaningless

Food is of vital importance to all.

Verb

Full of energy

(जीवंत)

Lively, Energetic, Vibrant, Dynamic

Dull, Inactive, Lethargic

The dog is a beautiful and vital animal.

Insurmountable

Adjective

Incapable of being surmounted.

A problem that cannot be dealt with successfully.

Too great to overcome.

(दुर्गम/ अजेय/ दुस्तर/ अलंघ्य)

Hopeless, Impassable, Impregnable, Invincible, Unbeatable, Overwhelming

Beatable, Defeatable, Surmountable, Possible, Attainable

He faced several insurmountable problems last year.

Inducement

Noun

The act of inducing.

(प्रलोभन)

Encouragement, Stimulus, Attraction, Bait

Discouragement, Dislike, Hate, Repulsion

Employees were offered a bonus as an inducement to finish the task before schedule.

Endorse

Verb

To approve or support.

To sign one's name on a commercial document like a cheque.

(समर्थन)

Advocate, Affirm, Approve, Back

Attack, Censure, Criticize, Deny

Rashmi endorsed the new biscuits.

Scrutiny

Noun

A searching study, inquiry, or inspection.

(छानबीन)

Analysis, Audit, Surveillance, Inquiry

-

A close scrutiny of all our activities is going on.

Implement

Verb

Put (a decision, plan, agreement, etc.) into effect.

(लागू)

Achieve, Carry out, Complete, Enforce, Realize

Fail, Forget, Give up, Ignore, Neglect

They have implemented the marketing strategy in a beautiful manner.

Repository

Adverb

A place where things are stored. (निर्दोषिता/ निर्दोषिता से)

Archive, Depository, Storehouse, Depot

-

Rahul is a repository of many secrets.

Ascertain

Verb

To find out with certainty.

To find out with assurance by doing efforts.

(पता लगाना)

Confirm, Determine, Divine, Verify

Disprove, Invalidate, Aid, Assist

I ascertained every fact in the report.

Afresh

Adjective

Anew.

Once more.

(नए सिरे से/ फिर से)

Anew, Again, Over, Lately

Infrequently, Seldom

Our kid had to start afresh because of my transfer as the schools did not allow him to go to the next class without appearing in the final exam.=

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Question Of The Day

Which among the following lakes is known as the only "Floating Islands Lake" in India? / निम्नलिखित झीलों में से कौन सी झील भारत में एकमात्र "फ्लोटिंग आइलैंड्स झील" के रूप में जानी जाती है?


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