The Hindu Vocabulary 7 February 2023

2023-02-07

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 7 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Puncturing ties: On China-U.S. ‘spy balloon’ row.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Surveillance

Noun

Close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal.

(निगरानी)

Observation, Scrutiny, Watch, Inspection, Monitoring

Ignorance, Inexperience, Incomprehension, Avoidance

We were put under surveillance by the authorities.

Stark

Adjective

Severe or bare in appearance or outline.

(निरा)

Sharp, Blunt, Clear, crisp, Striking, Evident, Obvious, Gloomy

Fuzzy, Indistinct, Comfortable, Ornate, Pleasant

Unemployment is the stark reality of life for millions of young people.

Distrust

Noun

The feeling that someone or something cannot be relied upon.

(शक)

Disbelief, Doubt, Misgiving, Mistrust, Suspicion

Belief, Certainty, Trust, Faith, Confidence

His distrust in me hurts a lot.

Verb

Doubt the honesty or reliability of; regard with suspicion

Disbelieve, Discredit, Mistrust, Misbelieve

Believe, Trust

She has always distrusted my intentions.

Diplomatic

Adjective

Connected with diplomacy

(कूटनीतिक)

Skillful at dealing with people

(चतुर)

Conciliatory, Gracious, Polite, Strategic

Rude, Impolite, Artless, Tactless

The two countries are trying to improve their diplomatic ties.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

Have you ever realized that we are in this crisis because of you?

Anticipate

Verb

To foresee.

To look forward to.

To nullify by taking countermeasures.

To expect something.

To perform an action before another has acted.

(पूर्वानुमान करना/ प्रत्याशा करना/ पहले ही विचार कर लेना) 

Await, Expect, Hope, Assume, Forecast, See, Visualize, Forestall, Prevent

Doubt, Surprised, Amazed, Allow, Forward

We anticipated the visit of the ASEAN leaders to India.  

Summit

Noun

The highest point.

A conference or meeting of diplomats.

(शिखर / शिखर सम्मेलन)

Acme, Apex, Apogee, Capstone

Base, Bottom, Nadir

India will host the G20 summit this year.

Fragility

Noun

The quality of being easily broken or damaged.

(नाज़ुकपन)

Frailty, Weakness, Vulnerability, Insecurity, Unreliability, Riskiness

Robustness, Strength, Power, Dominance, Supremacy

The fragility of the door let the robbers enter the house.

Controversy

Noun

A prolonged public dispute.

(विवाद)

Argument, Bickering, Difference, Fuss

Agreement, Concurrence, Peace, Compliment

The story of the movie created controversy.

Stability

Noun

The state or quality of being stable.

(स्थिरता)

Balance, Cohesion, Establishment, Security

Doubt, Instability, Spinelessness, Uncertainty

He was taking sessions to ensure mental stability.

Mar

Verb

To damage or harm.

(हानि करना)

Blight, Bruise, Harm, Impair

Aid, Assist, Build, Clean

We were economically marred by the landslide.

Slam

Verb

To shut forcibly or violently.

To strike, knock, thrust or slap down with noisy impact.

To utter verbal abuse.

(मारना/ पराजित करना/ तेज़ आवाज़ के साथ बंद करना/ धड़क)

Bang, Bat, Batter, Beat, Slap, Thrash, Crash, Attack, Castigate, Damn

Aid, Assist, Compliment, Fail, Praise, Laud, Open, Unbolt, Unfasten, Unlatch, Unlock

He slammed the committee members for accepting bribes.  

Noun

A noisy violent closing.

A heavy impact.

A harsh criticism.

(धड़ाके का शब्द/ शक्तिशाली मार/ शक्तिशाली प्रहार/ क़ैदख़ाना)

Bang, Bash, Bat, Beat, Aspersion, Boom, Blow

Failure, Outside

He banged on the door with a slam.

Deployment

Noun

The action of bringing resources into effective action.

(संसाधनों को क्रियान्वित करना)

Action, Effect, Influence, Power, Working, Work

Ineffective, Unproductive, Worthless, Useless, Abortive

The company is ready for the deployment of cable internet services.

Provocation

Noun

Action or speech that makes someone angry, especially deliberately.

(उकसावा)

Goading, Prodding, Rousing, Stimulation, Prompting, Urging

Placate, Pacify, Assuage, Conciliate, Calm, Propitiate

Russia’s provocation triggered the never-ending Ukraine-Russia war.

Acknowledge

Verb

Accept or admit the existence or truth of

Recognize the fact or importance or quality of.

(स्वीकार करना)

Admit, Accept, Grant, Confess, Appreciate

Decline, Deny, Disagree, Disapprove

The teacher acknowledged my work on the new research paper.

Incident

Noun

An event or occurrence

(घटना)

Circumstance, Episode, Fact, Scene, Event, Adventure

-

The school incident was reported in the local paper.

Presumably

Adverb

used to convey that something is claimed to be the case or have taken place, although there is no proof.

(कथित तौर पर)

Supposedly, Reputedly, Purportedly, Ostensibly, Allegedly

Surely, Really, Truly, Definitely

Presumably, the USA will sever all of its ties with Russia.

Reassess

Verb

Consider or assess again, especially while paying attention to new or different factors.

(पुनर्मूल्यांकन)

Amend, Reevaluate, Reexamine, Review, Revise, Correct

Spoil, Ignore, Refuse

We need to reassess our work strategy.

Intrusion

Noun

The act of intruding

(अतिक्रमण)

Encroachment, Imposition, Incursion, Interference, Invasion, Intervention

Aid, Help, Retreat, Obedience

I don’t like an intrusion into my private life.

Conceivable

Adjective

Reasonable, easy to understand

(बोधगम्य)

 

Believing, Convincing, Credible, Imaginable, Probable

Implausible, Impossible, Improbable, Unbelievable, Unlikely, Incredible

It is conceivable that she denied going to the party.

Hot-button

Noun

An emotional and usually controversial issue or concern that triggers immediate intense reaction

(एक भावनात्मक और आमतौर पर विवादास्पद मुद्दा या चिंता जो तत्काल तीव्र प्रतिक्रिया को ट्रिगर करती है)

-

-

The minister's speech has been recognized as controversial owing to the hot button it pushes.

Constrain

Verb

Compel or force (someone) to follow a particular course of action. (नियंत्रित करना)

Compel, Force, Oblige, Urge, Curb, Constrict

Aid, Allow, Encourage, Free, Release

No one can constrain your mind as long as you don’t let them.

Rivalry

Noun

The competition between people or organizations who want the same things.

(विरोध / प्रतिद्वंद्विता / होड़ / विरोध)

Antagonism, Clash, Conflict, Jealousy, Matchup, Contest, Match, Strife, War, Warfare

Accord, Calm, Harmony, Agreement

George committed a crime in rivalry with Joseph.

Discourse

Noun

Verbal interchange of ideas.

Orderly expression of thought on a subject.

A serious talk or piece of writing that is purposed to explain something.

(प्रवचन/ बातचीत/ संभाषण/ उपदेश)

Dialogue, Monologue, Lecture, Essay, Communication, Essay, Speech, Treatise

Quiet, Silence

We participated in an intellectual discourse organized by our school.  

 

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Question Of The Day

Which of the following flowers is botanically known as Narcissus? / निम्नलिखित में से किस फूल को वानस्पतिक रूप से नार्सिसस के नाम से जाना जाता है? 


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