The Hindu Vocabulary 8 February 2023

2023-02-08

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 8 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘A quick reset: On India’s G-20 presidency.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Reset

Verb

To set again.

To change the reading of something to zero.

To set differently in a new way.

(फिर से कायम करना/ फिर से स्थापित करना/ फिर से रखना/ फिर से लगाना)

Reboot, Load, Restart, Bootstrap, Reconstituted, Reconstructed, Transformed, Altered, Reorganize, Reposition, Emigrate, Graft, Immigrate, Remove

Remain, Plant, Sow, Stay, Remain, Degenerated, Deteriorated

We had to reset the device because of some fault.

Noun

An act of setting new.

An act of adjusting or fixing something in a new way.

(नया स्थापित करने की क्रिया।/ किसी चीज़ को नए तरीके से समायोजित या ठीक करने की क्रिया।)

-

-

A reset of ties took place among the opposition leaders as they formed an alliance against one party.

Misunderstanding

Noun

Failure to understand properly. (गलतफहमी)

Confusion, Error, Misconception, Misinterpretation

Accuracy, Certainty, Correction, Truth

The instructions were not clearly written and they caused many misunderstandings.

Ramp up

Verb

To increase.

(बढ़ाना)

Boost, Elevate, Jack up, Mount, Enhance, Gain, Grow, Accrue, Amass, Collect

Abate, Decline, Diminish, Dip, Dwindle, Lessen, Taper, Lose

We need to ramp up our dedication to creating an app.

Outreach

Noun

If we describe a program as outreach, it means that the program tries to reach out to people who need help or advice rather than waiting for those people to come and ask for it.

(पहुँचने की क्रिया)

Outstrip, Top

Lose, Surrender

We are running an ad campaign to improve our outreach.

Agenda

Noun

A list or plan that needs to be acted upon.

(कार्यसूची)

Calendar, Docket, Program, Schedule

-

We told everyone about the agenda of the meeting.

Bilateral

Adjective

Involving two parties, especially countries.

(द्विपक्षीय)

Mutual, Reciprocal, Respective, Two-sided

Multilateral, Unilateral

India and Australia are playing bilateral series in India.

Accompany

Verb

To go along in company.

To exist in an association.

To put in a company with.

To cause to be in association.

(साथ/ संगत करना/ सहचारी होना/ साथ चलना)

Attend, Escort, Follow, Guide, Lead, Chaperon, Conduct, Convoy, Escort, Add Characterize, Follow

Subtract, Desert, Leave, Abandon, Disregard, Lose, Neglect, Ignore, Succeed

I accompanied my wife to the party at her sister’s house.

Summit

Noun

The highest point.

A conference or meeting of diplomats.

(शिखर / शिखर सम्मेलन)

Acme, Apex, Apogee, Capstone

Base, Bottom, Nadir

India is having the presidency of the G-20 summit.  

Verb

To participate in a summit meeting.

To reach a summit.

(चोटी तक पहूंचना)

-

-

We are planning to summit next month.

Adjective

Of or relating to summit meetings.

(शिखर बैठकों से संबंधित।)

-

-

The summit documents were sent to all the participants.

Disruptive

Adjective

Disrupting some process or activity.

(हानिकारक/ तबाह करनेवाला)

Disturbing, Rowdy, Troublesome, Unruly

Calming, Disciplined, Settling, Soothing

There are security guards in the hall to handle disruptive people.

Critical

Adjective

Inclined to criticize severely.

Exercising judicious evaluation.

Of the nature of a crisis.

Some important juncture.

(गंभीर/ आलोचनात्मक/ नाजुक/ फुलाना/ आलोचनावादी)

Demanding, Analytical, Belittling, Biting, Crucial, Dangerous, Decisive, Dire, Carping, Rejective

Complimentary, Praising, Trivial, Laudatory, Certain, Inessential, Minor, Safe, Uncritical

Repo rates and Reverse repo rates are critical for our economic policy.

Pluralism

Noun

The state or quality of being plural.

The holding of two or more offices at the same time.

(बहुलवाद/ अनेकवाद/ अनेकता की स्थिति)

Fusion, Conflation

-

There are several views about religious pluralism.

Flurry

Noun

Burst

(विस्फोट)

Furor, Outbreak, Spurt, Turmoil

Calm, Peace, Order, Rest

There was a flurry of activities before I arrived in the hall.

Verb

To move excitedly.

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bewilder, Bother, Bustle, Disconnect

Aid, Appease, Calm, Clarify

He was flurried because of a dog bite.

Agitation

Noun

A state of anxiety or nervous excitement.

(व्याकुलता)

Anxiety, Disquiet, Perturbation, Turbulence, Shaking

Peaceful, Silent, Quiet, Resting, Sedentary

The agitation of the crowd was calmed by the leader.

Resurgence

Noun

The act of rising again into life or activity.

(पुनरुत्थान)

Comeback, Rebirth, Recovery, Rejuvenation, Reanimation, Renewal, Resuscitation, Revival

Failure

I have noticed a resurgence in economic activities recently.

Separatism

Noun

Beliefs and activities of separatists.

A movement for separation.

(अलगाववाद/ पृथकतावाद/ पार्थक्यवाद/ भिन्नमतावलंबन)

Apartheid, Discrimination, Dissociation, Disunion

Attachment, Juncture, Union, Connection

We should take legal action against those who promote separatism in our country.

Referendum

Noun

a direct and universal vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal and can have nationwide or local forms.

(जनमत संग्रह)

Election, Vote, Mandate, Poll

-

The referendum in Kashmir was conditional and those conditions were never met by Pakistan.

Incident

Noun

An event or occurrence

(घटना)

Circumstance, Episode, Fact, Scene, Event, Adventure

-

The recent incident has shown that you can trust even in these times as some good people are still there.

Adjective

Likely to happen because of; resulting from.

(विशेष रूप से एक मामूली परिणाम के रूप में होने की संभावना)

Accompanying, Attending, Concomitant

Asynchronous, Non-Synchronous, Nonsimultaneous

Rahul was in confusion incident to what he has heard.

Diaspora

Noun

The scattering of Jews to countries outside of Palestine after the Babylonian captivity.

A group migration or flight from a region.

People settled far from their ancestral homelands.

People who come from a particular nation, or whose ancestors came from it, but now live in many different parts of the world.

(प्रवासी/ प्रसार/ फैलाव/ प्रचार)

Exodus, Disbandment, Dispersal, Dispersion

-

Indian diaspora is a strong pillar in the establishment of India’s foreign relations.

Prolong

Verb

To lengthen out in time.

To extend the duration of something.

(बढ़ाना/ टालना)

Continue, Delay, Lengthen, Stretch, Perpetuate, Protract

Abbreviate, Expedite, Advance, Cease

The prolonged problems can become a danger if not resolved on time.

Pitfall

Noun

A lightly covered and unnoticeable pit prepared as a trap for people.

(ख़तरा/ फंसाने का जाल/ भूल/ गुप्त संकट)

Danger, Difficulty, Drawback, Peril

Advantage, Safety, Security, Blessing

The pitfalls of working outside our country are numerous.

Restored

Verb

To bring back into existence.

To bring back into use.

(पुनर्स्थापित करना/ लौटाना)

Improve, Modernize, Rebuild, Reconstruct

Damage, Decline, Destroy, Break

She asked me to restore previous ties between the families.

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Question Of The Day

Which of the following Indian states has the famous tourist destination called Pamban Island? / निम्नलिखित में से किस भारतीय राज्य में पम्बन द्वीप नामक प्रसिद्ध पर्यटन स्थल है?


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