The Hindu Vocabulary 9 February 2023

2023-02-09

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 9 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Old rivalry, new goal: On India-Australia Test series for Border-Gavaskar Trophy.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Rivalry

Noun

The competition between people or organizations who want the same things.

(विरोध / प्रतिद्वंद्विता / होड़ / विरोध)

Antagonism, Clash, Conflict, Jealousy, Matchup, Contest, Match, Strife, War, Warfare

Accord, Calm, Harmony, Agreement

The famous cricket rivalries are those in test cricket.

Stake

Noun

A stick pointed at one end for driving into the ground as a boundary mark.

A post to which a person is bound for execution, usually by burning.

(दांव/ पण/ खूंटा/ शंकु)

Claim, Interest, Share, Pale, Picket, Post, Rod, Chance, Risk, Venture, Ante, Award, Interest, Involvement

Whole, Certainty, Safety

The stakes are too high for the investors in the Adani group.

Verb

To mark as with stakes.

To possess as if by marking or bounding with stakes.

To back financially.

To tether to a stake.

(दांव लगाना/ खूंटे से बांधना/बाज़ी लगाना/ जोखिम लेना)

Back, Bankroll, Capitalize, Chance

Defund

She staked all her money in the share market.

Epic

Adjective

Relating to the characteristics of an epic.

Extending beyond the usual or ordinary, especially in size or scope.

(महाकाव्य के उपयुक्त)

-

-

India and Pakistan cricket matches are epic contests.

Stir

 

Verb

Move or cause to move slightly.

To rouse to activity

(हिलाना)

Beat, Blend, Disturb, Mix, Shake, Whip, Whisk, Rouse, Invoke

Divide, Soothe, Unmix, Separate

Rock music usually stirs my mood.

Noun

A slight physical movement.

A state of disturbance.

(हलचल)

Furor, Fuss, Uproar, Activity, Agitation, Backwash

Calm, Peace, Harmony, Order

The new novel has caused a stir.

Bilateral

Adjective

Involving two parties, especially countries.

(द्विपक्षीय)

Mutual, Reciprocal, Respective, Two-sided

Multilateral, Unilateral

India and Egypt have strengthened their bilateral relations.

Shimmer

Verb

To shine with tremulous light.

To appear in the faint light.

(टिमटिमाना/ चमकना/ जगमगाना/ दगदगाना)

Gleam, Glint, Glow, Shine

Dull

The Highway Road shimmered in the heat.

Noun

A subdued light.

A quivering motion or image.

(जगमगाहट/ टिमटिमाहट/ झलमलाना/ मंद-मंद चमकना)

Glimmer, Glint, Glitter, Luster

Darkness, Dullness

The shade has the shimmer to it.

Summit

Noun

The highest point.

A conference or meeting of diplomats.

(शिखर / शिखर सम्मेलन)

Acme, Apex, Apogee, Capstone

Base, Bottom, Nadir

Many international summits take place all around the year.  

Verb

To participate in a summit meeting.

To reach a summit.

(चोटी तक पहूंचना)

-

-

My wife is planning to summit next month.

Adjective

Of or relating to summit meetings.

(शिखर बैठकों से संबंधित।)

-

-

The summit papers were sent to all the participants.

Outskirt

Noun

A part remote from the center.

(बाहरी इलाके)

Boundary, Line, Bound, Brim, Brink, Circumference, Confine, Hem

Center, Inside, Interior, Middle

We bought a farm on the outskirts of the city.

Finesse

Noun

Impressive delicacy and skill.

(कौशल)

Skill, Subtlety, Expertise, Flair, Knack, Panache

Inability, Incapable, Incapacity, Powerlessness, Impotence

Cristiano Ronaldo plays football with great finesse.

Verb

Do (something) in a subtle and delicate manner.

(कुछ सूक्ष्म और नाजुक तरीके से करना)

Bluff, Exploit, Wangle, Beguile

Bobble, Mishandle

The dog finessed its way through the small gaps in the railings.  

Caravan

Noun

A group of travelers journeying together for safety in passing through the hostile territory.

A covered wagon equipped as traveling living quarters.

(कारवां/ क़ाफ़िला)

Cavalcade, Convoy, Expedition, Procession

Individual

The caravan of refugees was trying to cross the sea in a boat.

Drub

Verb

To beat by a stick or like.

To defeat decisively.

(बेंत से मारना)

Clobber, Spank

Fail, Lose

Viewers were drubbing the thief in the stadium.

Cherry on the Cake

Idiom

A feature that is seen as the finishing touch to something that was already very good.

(एक विशेषता जिसे किसी ऐसी चीज़ को अंतिम रूप देने के रूप में देखा जाता है जो पहले से ही बहुत अच्छी थी।)

-

-

A two-year warranty was the cherry on the cake while we were buying a washing machine.

Ecosystem

Noun

A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.

(पारिस्थितिकी तंत्र)

Environment, Ecological community

-

India has been able to establish a startup ecosystem in the country.

Bureaucratic

Adjective

Relating to the characteristic of a bureaucrat or bureaucracy.

(नौकरशाही)

Departmental, Governmental, Legislative, Managerial

-

Many believe that bureaucratic delays are unavoidable.

Championship

Noun

The distinction of being a champion.

Advocacy or defense.

The act of championing.

A contest held to determine a champion.

(चैंपियनशिप/ नेतृत्व)

Crown, Showdown, Tournament, Elimination

-

India, Australia and New Zealand are eyeing the World Test Championship.

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The Madhya Pradesh government has announced the implementation of the Mukhya Mantri Yuva Kaushal Earning Scheme. Under the scheme, youth will be given at least Rs ____ per month.