The Hindu Vocabulary 23 February 2023

2023-02-23

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 23 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘End the war: On the Russia-Ukraine conflict.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

They conflicted at the party and ruined the whole event.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

There is a conflict of interest between both parties.

Endless

Adjective

Seeming to be without end.

(अनंत/ अन्तहीन/ असीम/ बेहद)

Boundless, Ceaseless, Constant, Continual

Bounded, Brief, Broken, Calculable

People born into rich families are privileged from their childhood.

Relent

Verb

To soften in feeling.

To become less severe.
(तरस खाना/ मृदु होना)

Acquiesce, Capitulate, Comply, Ease

Grow, Increase, Worry, Advance

Suresh relented only after my brother talked to him.

Mobilise

Verb

To put into movement.

To assemble and make ready for war.

Ready for Action

(गतिमान करना/ संगठित करना)

Marshal, Rally, Assemble, Prepare

Disorganize, Discourage, Disperse, Dissuade

India mobilized its troops in need of manpower in case of natural calamity in past.

Troop

Noun

An assemblage of persons.

A group of soldiers.

(सैन्यदल)

Army, Contingent, Crew, Delegation

Individual, One

Russian troops are in Ukraine for one year.

Verb

To gather in a company.

To move in large numbers.

(बड़ी संख्या में स्थानांतरित करना)

Gather

Alone

The Russian Army has trooped at various fronts around the Ukraine border.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

An instance of the entrance to take possession.

(आक्रमण/ हमला/ चढ़ाई/ धावा)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

Humans have been doing constant invasion into the territory of Animals.

Deploy

Verb

Station troops or weapons

(तैनात)

Expand, Set up, Arrange, Use

End, Disarrange, Disorder, Displace

The US army has deployed their troops across the globe.

Precision

Noun

The quality of being precise.

Accuracy.

Mechanical exactness.

The degree of refinement with which an operation is performed.

(शुद्धता/ यथार्थता/ दुस्र्स्ती/ सूक्ष्मता/ सुस्पष्टता/ सुव्यतता)

Rigor, Attention, Care, Carefulness, Correctness, Definiteness, Exactitude, Exactness, Fidelity, Heed

Carelessness, Disregard, Ignorance, Inaccuracy

The machine was developed for high precision equipment manufacturing.

Pledge

Noun

A solemn promise to refrain from doing something.

Something delivered as security for the repayment of a debt.

The state of being held as security.

A person accepted for membership in a club or fraternity, but not yet formally approved.

(प्रतिज्ञा/ संकल्प/ रेहन/ बंधक)

Agreement, Assurance, Guarantee, Oath, Bail, Bond, Collateral, Deposit

Breach, Break

He has promised to deliver on the campaign pledge to work on the Gun control.

Verb

To bind by a pledge.

To promise solemnly.

To make a promise.

To drink or toast to the health of someone.

(धरना/ प्रतिज्ञा करना/ ज़मानत देना/ बंधक करना)

Contract, Covenant, Engage, Hock

Break, Disagree, Disavow, Reject

I have pledged 1 Lakh rupees towards the construction of a shelter home for the poor people in our area.

Inflict

Verb

To impose as something that must be suffered.

To cause something unpleasant to be endured.

(दण्ड/ थोपना/ सज़ा देना/ पीड़ा पहुंचाना)

Exact, Expose, Levy, Wreak

Hold, Take, Keep, Withhold

He asked me not to inflict his problems on him.

Swathe

Noun

A band of linen.

(तह)

-

-

They wrapped the glass cups inside a canvas swathe.

Verb

To wrap fully.

(लपेटना)

Bandage, Clothe

Uncover

My cousins swathed the fragile glass paintings with bubble wrap.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

Shreya asked me for a letter of recommendation despite knowing that her work under me was not satisfactory.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

Rahul did not respond to the despite that he felt, out of respect for my in-laws.

Setback

Noun

 

A checking of progress.

An instance of setting back.

A reversal in progress.

(नाकामयाबी/ देर/ विलंब/ गिरना)

Blow, Defeat, Delay, Difficulty, Hindrance, Impediment, Misfortune, Obstacle

Advance, Assistance, Advantage, Aid

It has been a setback for the nation that there are still people in the country who cannot afford a two-time meal.

Catastrophic

Adjective

Of the nature of a catastrophe.

Something that involves a sudden disaster.

(आपत्तिजनक/ प्रलयंकर/ विपत्तिपूर्ण/ आफ़त भरा)

Calamitous, Cataclysmic

Godsend, Manna

Going into a war is a catastrophic decision for any nation.

Infrastructure

Noun

The fundamental facilities serving an area as transportation, schools, power plants, residences, etc.

The basic framework of a system.

The permanent installations required for a military operation.

(आधारभूत संरचना/ पूर्वावश्यकता/ भूमिकारूप व्यवस्था)

Architecture, Armature, Cadre, Configuration, Edifice, Fabric, Frame, Skeleton, Base, Groundwork, Framework

-

The infrastructure in rural areas needs redevelopment.

Prolong

Verb

To lengthen out in time.

To extend the duration of something.

(बढ़ाना/ टालना)

Continue, Delay, Lengthen, Stretch, Perpetuate, Protract

Abbreviate, Expedite, Advance, Cease

The government has taken the prolonged issues seriously and is trying to resolve them.

Imperative

Noun

Something unavoidable or urgent.

An obligatory duty.

(कुछ ऐसा जो अपरिहार्य हो।)

Behest, Charge, Command, Decree, Edict, Injunction

Appeal, Entreaty, Petition, Plea, Recommendation, Grace, Ease

It is imperative to help our loved ones.

Adjective

Absolutely Unavoidable avoided.

(अनिवार्य/ आदेशात्मक/ आत्यावश्यक/ आज्ञार्थक)

Compulsory, Obligatory, Critical, Crucial, Essential, Bidding, Dominant, Incumbent, Required

Inessential, Insignificant, Nonessential, Optional, Elective

It is a moral imperative to provide food to those in need.

Eventual

Adjective

Happening at some indefinite future time.

(अंतिम/ संभव)

Conditional, Consequent, Inevitable, Possible

Beginning, Unlikely, Past

The eventual Republic nominee will be Donald Trump in US Presidential election of 2024.

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