The Hindu Vocabulary 22 February 2023

2023-02-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 22 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Discipline and discussion: On Jagdeep Dhankar directive to Privileges Committee.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Directives

Noun

An authoritative instruction.

(आदेश/ निदेशक)

Decree, Edict, Injunction, Mandate

Disorganization, Lawlessness

The president has given some directives to the cabinet Ministers.

Privilege

Noun

A right or immunity enjoyed by a particular person or a group of persons. (स्वाधिकार/ असामान्य अधिकार)

Advantage, Allowance, Authority, Authorization

Disadvantage, Handicap, Hindrance, Loss, Misfortune

People born into rich families are privileged from their childhood.

Committee

Noun

A group of persons elected or selected to perform a specific duty such as to investigate, to research, to take action, to organize, etc.
(समिति)

Board, Bureau

-

Rakesh is a senior member of the committee on electoral reforms.

Forum

Noun

A meeting where a subject can be discussed.

A court or tribunal.

(मंच)

Conference, Convention, Gathering, Seminar, Agency, Framework

-

He is going to an international forum for a conference on Green Energy.

Disorderly

Adjective

Messy/ Causing trouble

(उल्टा पुल्टा)

Chaotic, Unlawful, Jumbled, Disorganised, Disruptive, Raucous, Rebellious, Rowdy

Calm, Compliant, Disciplined, Organised, Quiet, Systematic, Arranged

Her friend’s disorderly desk was made fun of.

Adjourn

Verb

break off (a meeting, legal case, or game) with the intention of resuming it later.

(स्थगित करना)

Defer, Delay, Discontinue, Postpone, Suspend, Put off

Carry out, Continue, Expedite, Advance, Hasten, Hurry

The conference was adjourned because of ill health of the President.

Proceeding

Noun

A particular action.

A legal action.

(कार्यवाही)

Action, Exercise, Experiment, Incident

Idleness, Inaction, Cessation

He was not happy with his legal team about the proceedings in the court.

Allegedly

Adverb

According to what has been claimed without proof.

(कथित तौर पर)

Purportedly, Avowedly, Assertedly, Supposedly

-

The Russians have allegedly increased the bombing of Ukraine.

Interject

Verb

To throw in or insert between other things.

(एकाएक बीच में बोल उठना)

Add, Implant, Import, Include

Erase, Remove, Subtract, Withdraw

Rashmi said, “If she may interject, she has things to add.”

Authenticate

Noun

To establish as genuine and trustworthy.

(प्रमाणित/ सच्चा ठहराना)

Attest, Corroborate, Substantiate, Validate

Deny, Disprove, Reject, Contradict

The archaeological department has authenticated the ancient utensils found in the excavation process.

Inversion

Noun

The act of inverting.

Anything that is inverted.

(उलट देना)

Contradiction, Conversion, Opposite, Reversal

-

The inversion of plus and minus signs in the equation changed the meaning of the entire equation.

Evidence

Noun

Something that tends to prove or disprove something.

(सबूत)

Attestation, Confirmation, Proof, Substantiation

Disproof, Conceal, Hide, Obscure

The Investigating officer has obtained some important evidence in the case.

Expunge

Verb

To strike out.

To erase from one's consciousness.

(हटाए/ निकाल देना)

Abolish, Annul, Delete, Eradicate

Preserve, Save, Create, Make

He has expunged a particular period from his CV.

Norm

Noun

A standard model that has authoritative approval.

(मानदंड)

Benchmark, Criterion, Model, Rule

Extreme, Exception,

We are bound by cultural and social norms.

Evolve

Verb

To develop gradually.

To produce by natural process.

(विकसित करना)

Develop, Elaborate, Unfold, Expand, Get, Grow, Mature, Increase

Leave, Lessen, Diminish, Stop

He has evolved as a good speaker over the years.

Travesty 

Noun

A false, absurd, or distorted representation of something.

(उपहासात्मक रचना) 

Misrepresentation, Distortion, Burlesque, Caricature, Perversion, Corruption, Charade

Homage, Tribute, Solemnity, Praise, Seriousness, Solemnity

His family was upset and disappointed with the travesty of justice.

Accountability

Noun

The fact or condition of being accountable; responsibility.

(जवाबदेही)

Responsibility, Liability, Answerability, Reporting, Obedience

-

The businesses getting good profits also have accountability towards public welfare.

Obfuscate

Verb

To confuse or bewilder someone.

To make it unclear.

(अस्पष्ट करना)

Baffle, Muddle, Perplex, Darken

Clarify, Stiffen, Tune

Many politicians keep obfuscating the issue.

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Question Of The Day

Which of the following flowers is botanically known as Narcissus? / निम्नलिखित में से किस फूल को वानस्पतिक रूप से नार्सिसस के नाम से जाना जाता है? 


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