The Hindu Vocabulary 21 February 2023

2023-02-21

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 21 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Reform reluctance: On the 49th GST council meeting.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Reform

Noun

The action or process of reforming an institution or practice.

(सुधार)

Improvement, Betterment, Amelioration, Refinement, Change

-

The new administration is planning many reforms in the first 100 days.

Verb

Make changes in (something, typically a social, political, or economic institution or practice) in order to improve it.

(सुधार करना)

Amend, Improve, Rebuild, Rehabilitate, Remake, Renovate

Break, Damage, Destroy, Ruin, Harm, Hurt

We have completely reformed our company in the last few days.

Reluctance

Noun

Unwillingness or disinclination to do something.

(अनिच्छा)

Unwillingness, Disinclination, Hesitation, Hesitance, Hesitancy, Timidity

Willingness, Eagerness, Readiness, Preparedness, Predisposition

There was some reluctance in him towards changing his job.

Urgency

Noun

A state of being urgent.

(तात्कालिकता)

Importance, Seriousness, Exigency, Insistence

-

All the discussed issues should be addressed with urgency.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

A set of rules about food or exercise that some people follow in order to stay healthy.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The strict regime that has got elected is troubling those who were enjoying leniency earlier.

Flaw

Noun

A feature that defects the perfection of something.

A defect in physical form or structure.

(गलती/ दोष/ खोट/ नुक्स)

Blemish, Bug, Defect, Failing

Advantage, Blessing, Perfection, Strength

He did not like the flaws in the product.

Verb

To make a flaw.

(गलती करना/ किसी चीज में कोई खोट निकालना)

-

-

The whole fiasco has flawed our party.

Ebb

Verb

(of an emotion or quality) gradually lessen or reduce.

(कमज़ोर पड़ना)

(of tidewater) move away from the land; recede.

(भाटा आना)

Diminish, Dwindle, Wane, Abate, Degenerate, Die down, Recede, Shrink

Develop, Enlarge, Grow, Expand, Improve, Increase, Prolong, Raise

After successive failures, his enthusiasm started ebbing away.

Consensus

Noun

Agreement among a group of people.

(सर्वसम्मति)

Accord, Consent, Harmony, Unity

Denial, Disagreement, Dissension, Refusal

I don’t think the two parties are going to reach a consensus regarding the arrangement.

Appellate

Adjective

(especially of a court) concerned with or dealing with applications for decisions to be reversed.

(अपीलीय)

-

-

The new bench of the appellate tribunal has been inaugurated in Lucknow.

Resolve

Noun

A resolution of determination that is being made to follow a course of action to achieve something.

(संकल्प/ ठानना)

Boldness, Courage, Firmness, Intention, Steadfastness

Cowardice, Fear, Weakness, Indecision

His resolve to help the young lady caused him trouble.

Verb

To deal with something successfully.; To reach a firm decision about something.

(हल करना/ समाधान करना/ अलगाना/ विभक्त करना)

 

Agree, Answer, Conclude, Decide, Fix, Determine, Propose, Undertake, Solve, Analyze, Anatomize

Abstain, Delay, Assemble, Accumulate, Join

We have called the parties to resolve their dispute.

Legislative

Adjective

Having the power to make laws

(विधायी)

Congressional, Parliamentary, Senatorial, Decreeing

-

There are 403 members in the UP legislative assembly.

Nod

Verb

To make a slight downward bending forward of the head as in greeting.

To express by the movement of the head.

To invite by a nod.

To give approval by the movement of the head.

(सिर हिलाकर सहमति देना/ सिर हिलाना)

Acknowledge, Bend, Bow, Greet

Differ, Disagree, Disallow, Disapprove

She nodded when I asked if she will come to the party.

Implication

Noun

The action or state of being involved in something.

(निहितार्थ)

Conclusion, Connotation, Indication, Ramification

Measurement, Proof, Reality, Truth

A legal proceeding will have an implication on the company’s image, only the result will decide whether it is good or bad.

Entrust

Verb

To confer trust on someone or something.

To make someone responsible for something.

(सौंपना/ बदगुमान होना)

Allocate, Assign, Authorize, Commend

Deny, Hold, Keep, Retain

They entrusted me with their lives.

Augur

Noun

 

Any prophet or soothsayer.

(शकुनश)

Diviner, Forecaster, Oracle, Harbinger

-

There were old augurs in my village who predicted that I will become a businessman.

Verb

To foretell.

To give promise to.

(भविष्य बतलाना)

Bode, Promise, Foreshadow, Foretell, Portend, Presage

-

The extended interview augurs well for your selection into the Ph.D. program.

Concern

Noun

Something that relates to one.

Matter for consideration.

A matter that calls for a person’s attention.

(चिंता/ प्रसंग)

Care, Concernment, Consideration, Heed, Burden, Interest, Involvement, Matter

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm, Entertainment, Fun

Low income is a concern for me.

Verb

To relate to something.

To care about some matter of trouble.

(चिंतित होना/ लगाव रखना)

Bother, Disturb, Interest, Involve, Perturb, Regard

Aid, Calm, Reassure, Help, Unconcern

It did not concern me to buy the latest smartphone.

Stall

Verb

To assign to put in stalls.

To come to a standstill.

(रोकना/ थान पर रखना/ टालना/ अचानक स्र्क जाना)

Halt, Hamper, Hinder, Interrupt

Advance, Aid, Allow, Assist

The situation between Russia and Ukraine is stalled.

Noun

A compartment in a stable.

A booth or counter at which articles are displayed.

(छोटी दुकान/ थाना/ गौशाला/ पशुशाला स्थापित करना)

Booth, Cavity, Drawer, Cabinet

Incentive, Catalyst, Stimulus, Break

We set up our stall in the fair.

Anomaly

Noun

A deviation from the common rules.

(नियमहीनता)

Aberration, Exception, Oddity, Oddment, Rarity, Inconsistency

Conformity, Normality, Regularity, Sameness

There is some anomaly in the production process.

Levy

Verb

Impose

(उगाही)

Charge, Exact, Impose, Mulct, Raise

Drop, Reduce, Cut, Down, Disband

The sanctions levied on Russia are enough to shake its economy.

Aggregate

Noun

An assemblage of particulars.

(कुल/ पूर्णयोग)

Accumulation, Agglomerate, Heap, Amount

Fraction, Individual, One, Part

The aggregate of all my past experiences suggests me not to involve in business with family members.

Verb

To bring together.

To amount to.

(संग्रह करना)

Amass, Accumulate, Amount, Collect

Detach, Disconnect, Divide, Disperse

The jewelry found at his house aggregated to 258.

Adjective

Formed by the collection of particulars into a group.

(कुल जमा)

Accumulated, Combined, Cumulative

Uncombined, Individual, Particular

The aggregate amount of the personal loan is 30 lacs.

Rejig

Verb

To re-equip.

To rearrange.

(बदलाव)

-

-

He did many adjustments needed to rejig the industry.

Deferred

Verb

Postpone

(टालना)

Shelve, Put off, Put back, Delay

Sped up, Expedite, Quick, Fast

He deferred the meeting to next Thursday.

 

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National Panchayati Raj Day is celebrated on ______ to mark the passing of the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992. / संविधान (73वां संशोधन) अधिनियम, 1992 के पारित होने के उपलक्ष्य में राष्ट्रीय पंचायती राज दिवस ______ को मनाया जाता है। 


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