The Hindu Vocabulary 23 August 2022

2022-08-23

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 23 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Factoring in the risk: on development of mountain areas.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Factoring

Noun

One who acts or transacts business for another

(दलाली)

one that actively contributes to the production of a result

(जो परिणाम के उत्पादन में सक्रिय रूप से योगदान देता है)

Agent, Assignee, Attorney, Commissary, Procurator, Proxy, Produce, Serve, Perform

Be original, Reverse, Oppose

The RBI gave license to the NBFC for factoring business.

Ecological

Adjective

Relating to ecology.

Tending to cause minimal harm to the environment.

(परिस्थितिविज्ञान-संबंधी)

Eco-friendly, Green

-

Plastic pollution is posing threat to the ecological balance of the water bodies.

Bode

Verb

To predict.

To pretend.

To indicate something by signs.

(भविष्यव्दाणी करना)

Augur, Indicate, Forebode, Forecast

-

The meteorological department bodes for floods in the low-lying region.

Downpour

Noun

A heavy fall of rain.

(मूसलधार बारिश)

Rainstorm, Cloudburst, Deluge

Speck, Sprinkle, Moisten, Spray

The heavy downpour in the city has caused waterlogging on the roads.

Devastate

Verb

To Destroy

(उजाड़ना)

Ravage, Raze, Ruin, Wreck, Desolate

Build, Construct, Help, Protect

I was devastated on knowing that he was cheating on me.

Consequence

Noun

A conclusion reached through logic.

Something produced as a result of a set of conditions.

The importance concerning the power to produce an effect.

The result of something occurring earlier.

Importance or significance.

(परिणाम/ महत्त्व/ नतीजा/ फल)

Aftereffect, Aftermath, Effect, Fallout, Concern, Magnitude, Need, Value, Cachet, Dignity, Distinction, Eminence

Cause, Origin, Source, Beginning, Triviality, Unimportance, Lowliness

The consequences of what you did will be reflected soon.

Arterial

Noun

A through street or highway

(सड़क या राजमार्ग के माध्यम से)

Avenue, Carriageway, Drive, Expressway, Route, Highway, Freeway

-

There was heavy traffic on the main arterial connecting the airport with Jaipur city.

Adjective

Relating to an artery/ constituting through traffic

(धमनी संबंधी)

-

-

She was suffering from severe complications that emerged due to arterial infection.

Manifestation

Noun

A public demonstration of power and purpose.

A visible expression.

(अभिव्यक्ति)

Demonstration, Explanation, Expression, Indication

Concealment, Hiding, Reality, Secret

A portrait of a father holding his child’s hand is regarded as the manifestation of love.

Exchequer

Noun

A treasury of a nation.

A department in the British government which is responsible for receiving and accounting for money belonging to the state.

(कोष/ राजकोष/ सरकारी खजाना/ खजाना) 

Harshness, Acerbity, Grimness, Sharpness, Austerity, Cruelty, Rigor, Hardness, Strictness, Unkindness

Gentility, Mildness, Softness, Pity, Kindness

He is going low on his personal exchequer due to heavy financial losses.

Debilitate

Verb

To make weaker.

(दुर्बल करना/ कमज़ोर करना)

Attenuate, Cripple, Disable, Eviscerate

Aid, Assist, Enable, Help

The virus has debilitated the body’s immune system.

Inevitable

Adjective

Certain to happen.

Unavoidable

(अनिवार्य)

Unavoidable, Inescapable, Certain, Inexorable, Unpreventable

Avoidable, Uncertain, Needless, Preventable

It is inevitable to see Tiger in a Tiger Reserve.

Vulnerable

Adjective

Exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.

(कमज़ोर)

Endanger, Risk, Jeopardize, Imperil, Unsafe, Unguarded

Safe, Protected, Guarded, Shielded, Resting, Resilient

Many schemes are framed keeping in mind the security of the vulnerable section of society.

Disrupt

Verb

Interrupt (an event, activity, or process) by causing a disturbance or problem.

(अस्त-व्यस्त)

Disturb, Rattle, Disorder, Obstruct, Intrude

Organise, Soothe, Calm, Appease

He disrupted our game by hiding cards.

Rehabilitate

Verb

To restore to former condition or capacity.

(पुनर्वास/ अधिकार प्रदान करना)

Habilitate, Reclaim, Redeem, Reform

Break, Damage, Decline, Destroy

The clinic is designed to rehabilitate drug addicts.

Inherent

Adjective

existing in something as a permanent, essential, or characteristic attribute.

(जन्मजात)

Intrinsic, Innate, Inborn, Ingrained

Acquired, Alien, Foreign, Overseas

There are certain risks inherent in this venture of yours.

Adhere

Verb

To stay attached.

To be in support of someone or something.

To maintain loyalty.

(पालन ​​करना/ अनुसरण करना/ चिपकना/ दृढ़ रहना)

Comply, Heed, Obey, Observe, Attach, Fasten, Unite, Cement

Disobey, Ignore, Overlook, Condemn, Disregard, Detach, Disconnect, Separate, Unfasten

It is not necessary that everyone adheres to your ideology.

Vagary

Noun

An unpredictable action.

(मौज/ सनक)

Quirk, Whim, Humor, Idea, Impulse, Inconsistency

-

She could not hold her patience after bearing with her grandmother’s vagaries.

 

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Question Of The Day

Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?