The Hindu Vocabulary 22 August 2022

2022-08-22

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 22 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Spirited battle: On AAP and the Delhi excise policy.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Spirited

Adjective

Showing liveliness. (साहसी/ सजीव)

Animated, Bold, Bright, Courageous

Afraid, Apathetic, Cold, Cool

He presented a spirited defense for her novel.

Motivate

Verb

To provide with a motive to act.

(प्रेरित करना)

Drive, Incite, Galvanize, Excite

Check, Discourage, Dissuade, Halt

The Professor motivated his students to pursue research.

Implementation

Noun

An act of putting something into effect.

(कार्यान्वयन)

Application, Discharge, Employment, Achievement

Nonfulfillment, Nonperformance, Dissatisfaction, Idleness

The implementation of traffic rules has been ordered by the court.

Allege

Verb

To assert without proof

To assert to be true, especially in a formal manner, as in court

 (महासंघ)

Testify, Affirm, Avouch, Charge, Cite

Deny, Dissent, Protest, Disagree

Deputy Chief Minister of Delhi has been alleged by the opposition of corruption in excise policy.

Ulterior

Adjective

Being beyond what is visible.

(गुप्त/ परोक्ष)

Ambiguous, Buried, Concealed, Covert

Expressed, Open, Public, Clear

There were some ulterior motives hidden in his actions.

Monetary

Adjective

Relating to money. (मुद्रा/ मौद्रिक)

Budgetary, Financial, Fiscal, Pecuniary

Nonfinancial

The ring may have less monetary value but more of emotional value.

Probe

Noun

A crucial investigation.

(तहक़ीक़ात)

Examination, Exploration, Inquest, Research

Answer, Misunderstand

A probe is being demanded in a corruption case.

Verb

To search and explore thoroughly.

(परख करना)

Dig, Examine, Inquire, Penetrate

Ignore, Reply

He went to court against the Police probing into his past.

Clandestine

Adjective

Kept secret.

Done in secrecy for deception.

(संरक्षण/ प्रतिपालकत्व/ अभिभावकता)

Covert, Fraudulent, Furtive, Hidden

Aboveboard, Authorized, Honest, Known

The clandestine meetings went unnoticed for five years.

Exchequer

Noun

A treasury of a nation.

A department in the British government which is responsible for receiving and accounting for money belonging to the state.

(कोष/ राजकोष/ सरकारी खजाना/ खजाना) 

Harshness, Acerbity, Grimness, Sharpness, Austerity, Cruelty, Rigor, Hardness, Strictness, Unkindness

Gentility, Mildness, Softness, Pity, Kindness

The director requested money since his personal exchequer was getting low.

Votary

Noun

A person who is bound by solemn religious vows.

An adherent of a religion.

A person who is devoted or addicted to some subject or pursuit.

(तरफ़दारसमर्थ/ पक्षीमठवासिनी)

Addict, Adherent, Admirer, Aficionado, Buff, Devotee, Disciple, Enthusiast, Follower, Fanatic

Critic, Enemy, Detractor, Opponent

Votaries of religious leaders often replace god with their leader.

Blatantly

Adverb

The condition of being transparent.

In an open and unshamed manner.

(पारदर्शिता/ दो टूक)

Lucidity, Clarity, Liquidity, Transparency

Unclear, Confusing, Mingled, Troublesome

He refused my idea blatantly.

 

Noun

Harmful person or thing.

(हानिकारक व्यक्ति या वस्तु)

-

-

He is detrimental in my eyes.

Holier-than-thou

Adjective

Characterized by an attitude of moral superiority.

Obnoxiously pious.

(केंद्रीय/ कैन्द्रिक)

Sanctimonious, Self-righteous, Complacent, Smug, Artificial, Judgmental

-

He sounded holier than thou.

Tar

Noun

Any of dark coloured viscid products obtained by destructive distillation of organic substances like wood or coal. (तारकोल/ डामर)

Adhesive, Mud, Plaster, Sand, Asphalt

-

The coconut oil hardened to tar.

Verb

To cover with tar. (राल लगाना)

Besmirch, Debase, Degrade, Desecrate

Elevate, Honour, Praise, Upgrade, Assist

They tried to tar all of us.

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