The Hindu Vocabulary 21 August 2022

2022-08-21

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 21 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Reining in overreach: On arrests and summons under GST law.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Rein

Noun

A leather strap attached to each end of the bridle, by which the rider controls the horse or other animals by pulling it.

A restraining influence.

Opportunity for unhindered activity.

(लगाम/ नियंत्रण/ बाग-डोर)

Curb, Bit, Deterrent, Brake, Guide, Check

Release

My brother gave his full rein to the imagination while sketching an imaginary scene.

Verb

To curb or control.

To stop as if by pulling reins.

(रोकना/ संयम करना/ अधीन करना)

Curb, Repress, Restrict, Collect, Compose, Cool, halt, Suppress

Encourage, Continue, Free, Disperse, Scatter, Release

My mother was unable to rein her anger in front of my wife.

Summon

Verb

Call people to attend (a meeting).

To call or order someone to be present for something specific.

(गवाही के लिये सम्मन देना/ आह़वान करना/ आयोजन करना/ पुकारना/ बुलवाना)

Convene, Call, Order, Revoke, Gather, Convoke, Assemble, Gather, Meet

Scatter, Answer, Free, Differentiate, Spread, Divide

He was summoned by the CEO.

Requisite

Adjective

Necessray for a particular purpose.

(अपेक्षित/ प्रयोजनीय/ आवश्यक)

Essential, Indispensable, Mandatory, Necessary

-

We shortlisted candidates on the basis of requisite skills for the job.

Noun

A necessary quality or a thing.

(मांग)

Precondition, Condition, Necessity, Need, Requirement

Nonessential

You have to fullfill the necessary requisites required for the job.

Enforcement

Noun

The act of imposing upon some person.

(प्रवर्तन)

Administration, Application, Imposition, Prosecution

Abandon, Disregard, Forgetfulness, Neglect

The law enforcement authorities have called you for investigation.

Credible

Adjective

Capable of being believed.

Of sufficient capability to be military effective.

Able to be trusted.

(विश्वसनीय)

Believable, Likely, Plausible, Presumptive, Conceivable, Dependable, Honest, Reasonable

Unbelievable, Unlikely, Incredible, Unplausible, Deceptive, Dishonest, Irresponsible, Unacceptable

John is a credible source of information.

Prosecution

Noun

The act of prosecuting.

The party by which criminal proceedings are conducted.

The following up of something begun, to its completion.

(अभियोग पक्ष/ अभियोजन/ अभियोग)

Pursuit, Accomplishment, Execution, Achievement, Pursuance, Performance, Implementation, Perpetration, Commission

Defeat, Failure, Neglect, Nonfulfillment, Non-performance

The prosecution was scolded by the judge for presenting false evidences.

Elaborate

Adjective

Worked out with great care and detail.

(विस्तृत)

Busy, Decorated, Embellished, Exact

Easy, Facile, Natural, Simple

He was asked to go through the elaborate lab manual.

 

Verb

To expand something in detail.

(विस्तार से करना)

Amplify, Clarify, Comment, Deck, Devise

Abridge, Block, Compress, Condense

Shruti elaborated the entire procedure in a very simple way.

Norm

Noun

A standard model that has authoritative approval.

(मानदंड)

Benchmark, Criterion, Model, Rule

Extreme, Exception,

It is a norm in the locality to have one car for each person.

Subsume

Verb

To consider as part of a more comprehensive one.

To bring under a larger part.

To encompass a component element.

(किसी नियम के अंतर्गत करना र)

Carry, Comprehend, Contain, Embrace, Include, Involve, Classify, Contain, Incorporate

Exclude, Leave out, Miss out, Omit

Car Parking and Lift usage are subsumed in your package.

Evasion

Noun

An act of avoiding.

The avoiding of an argument.

(टालना/ अपवंचन/ बहाना/ छल)

Dodging, Artifice, Circumvention, Cunning

Directness, Frankness, Openness, Honesty

He lied  to his boss to enjoy evasion of his duties for a day.

Exhaustive

Adjective

Including all possibilities.

(संपूर्ण/ विस्तृत)

Comprehensive, Encyclopedic, Extensive, Full-scale

Exclusive, Incomplete, Narrow, Incomprehensive

The CBI has conducted an exhaustive research in the case.

Threshold

Noun

The point after which something changes or begins.

(सीमा)

Brink, Verge, Door, Outset

Middle, Completion, Conclusion, End

The threshold of your business is coming soon.

Navigate

Verb

To direct or manage (a ship, aircraft, or guided missile) on its course.

(संचालन करना)

Cross, Cruise, Handle, Maneuver, Sail, Captain, Direct

Neglect, Forget

We went to navigate a river at night.

Underline

Verb

To put emphasis on something.

(रेखांकन)

Accentuate, Highlight, Indicate, Underscore

Deemphasize

The committee underlined all the important issues.

Liberty

Noun

Freedom from arbitrary control.

Freedom from foreign rule.

Freedom from control or restrictions.

Freedom from captivity.

(स्वतंत्रता/ स्वाधीनता/ बेतकल्लुफ़ी)

Autarchy, Authorization, Autonomy, Birthright, Franchise, Immunity, Independence, Decision, Leave, Liberation

Denial, Dependence, Hold, Prohibition, Refusal, Responsibility, Veto, Arrest, Imprisonment, Work

She chose her liberty over money.

Hassle

Noun

A disorderly dispute.

A problem brought about by pressure of time.

(परेशानी)

Bickering, Commotion, Bother, Difficulty

Agreement, Calm, Peace, Tranquility

It is always a hassle to find a good restaurant.

Verb

To dispute.

To bother.

(समय लेना/ परेशान करना)

Annoy, Pester, Argue, Argufy

Please, Aid, Assist, Help

Children were hassling over the cricket bat.

Err

Verb

To go astray in thought or belief.

To make a mistake.

(ग़लती होना)

Mistake, Miscalculate, Stray, Stumble

Behave, Obey, Stay, Understand

He erred in his calculations.

Fret Noun

The action of wearing away.

(झल्लाहट)

- - The fret shown by her was annoying.
  Verb

To eat or gnaw into.

To cause emotional strain.

(झल्लाना)

Agonize, Bother, Brood, Carp, Disturbing, Nag, Chafe, Abrade Build, Appease, Please, Aid, Ignore, Delight There is no point in fretting over the lost ring.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?