The Hindu Vocabulary 20 August 2022

2022-08-20

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 20 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Control, alter: On BJP top brass rejig.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Alter

Verb

Change or cause to change in character or composition, typically in a comparatively small but significant way.

(बदलना)

Change, Adapt, Amend, Improve, Modify, Convert, Revise, Revamp

Leave alone, Remain, Stagnate, Stay, Continue

He altered the plan to go on a long vacation.

Regional

Adjective


Relating to or characteristic of a region.

(क्षेत्रीय)

Local, Provincial, Territorial, Parochial, Sectional

-

With the launch of new scheme, the regional disparities shall be removed.

Apex

Noun

The uppermost point.

The highest point.

(सर्वोच्च/ चोटी)

Acme, Apogee, Capstone, Nadir, Crest, Meridian, Pinnacle, Crown

Base, Bottom, Nadir

We took a breath after reaching the apex of the mountain.

Reinforce

Verb

Strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.

(सुदृढ़)

Bolster, Boost, Build up, Emphasize

Decrease, Discourage, Let down, Prevent

The leader should do his best to reinforce good conduct in the party.

Sway

Verb

Move or cause to move slowly or rhythmically backward and forward or from side to side.

To fluctuate between one point, position, or opinion and another

(डोलना)

Dominate, Impress, Inspire, Overrule, Persuade

Censure, Condemn, Deny, Discourage

The officer could not sway me from my statement.

Induct

Verb

Admit (someone) formally to a position or organization.

(प्रतिष्ठापित करना)

Conscript, Enlist, Inaugurate, Recruit, Initiate, Introduce, Lead

Close, End, Finish, Take away, Expel

He was inducted as the new Chancellor of the University.

Concede

Verb

To acknowledge an opponent’s win

Admit or agree that something is true after first denying or resisting it.

Surrender or yield (a possession, right, or privilege)

(संरक्षण/ प्रतिपालकत्व/ अभिभावकता)

Admit, Confess, Acknowledge, Allow, Grant, Agree, Accept

Refuse, Disallow, Disapprove, Denial, Repudiate, Contradict

Rajesh is not ready to concede the election.

Indispensability

Adjective

Necessity/ incapable of being disregarded or neglected

(अपरिहार्यता)

Essential, Fundamental, Obligation, Precondition, Prerequisite, Requirement, Urgency

Auxiliary, Extra, Trivia

We need to educate the young generation about the indispensability of nature.

Deploy

Verb

Move (troops or equipment) into position for military action.

(तैनात करना)

Position, Send, Situate, Site, Locate, Arrange

Concentrate, Focus, Centre, Keep, Hold, Capture

The strategic forces have been deployed at the borders.

Legion

Adjective

Great in number

(संख्या में बहुत ज्यादा)

Myriad, Countless, Many, Multifarious, Multitudinous, Numberless, Populous, Several, Various, Multitudinal

Few, Numbered

His followers are legion.

Noun

The principal unit of the Roman army comprising of 3000 to 6000 foot soldiers.

A large military force.

A very large number.

(सैन्य टुकड़ी/ लशकर/ विशाल संख्या/ भीड़)

Army, Flock, Horde, Multitude, Throng, Body, Brigade, Cloud, Division, Drove, Host

Individual, Only

Chandrashekhar’s speech won him the support of legion of revolutionaries.

Dislodge

Verb

Knock or force out of position

(जगह देना/ विस्थापित करना)

Remove, Displace, Force out, Evict, Oust

Take in, Plant, Sow, Order

The landslide dislodged several electric poles from the hill.

Dynamism

Adjective

The quality of being characterized by vigorous activity and progress.

(गतिशीलता)

Bounce, Dash, Drive, Energy, Gusto, Juice, Life, Verve

Lethargy, Listlessness, Sluggishness, Torpidity

PM Modi has the dynamism of a natural leader.

Autonomy

Noun

Independence or freedom.

Control of a country or organization by itself rather than by others.

A self-governing community.

(स्वायत्तता/ स्वत्व अधिकार/ स्वयं शासन/ स्वशासित जाति)

Freedom, Self-government, Self-rule, Sovereignty

Dependence

I want personal autonomy in my official work.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?