The Hindu Vocabulary 19 August 2022

2022-08-19

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 19 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Too good to be true: On accommodating the Rohingya.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Accommodate

Verb

To do a kindness or a favour.

To provide suitably with something.

To lend money to someone.

To provide with a room and food.

To agree.

To bring into an agreement.

To provide with something desired.

(समायोजित करना/ झगड़ा तय करना/ अनुकूल बनाना/ स्थान देना/ जगह देना/ ठहराना)

Contain, Entertain, Hold, Rent, Shelter, Welcome, Adapt, Adjust, Fit, Integrate, Modify, Afford, Help, Provide, Serve, Sustain

Reject, Turn away, Bar, Block, Disarrange, Frustrate, Hinder, Impede

He promised me to be accommodated in the next year.

Announcement

Noun

Public or formal notice about something.

The act of announcing.

A short message or commercial on television.

(घोषणा/ निवेदन/ निज्ञापन/ आख्यापन)

Advertisement, Briefing, Broadcast, Disclosure, News, Notice, Release

Denial, Dependence, Hold, Prohibition, Refusal, Responsibility, Veto, Arrest, Imprisonment, Work

He has made the announcement of his retirement.

Migrant

Noun

A person or animal that moves regularly in order to find work.

A person who attempts to permanently relocate to a new country.

(प्रवासी/ स्थान बदलकर रहनेवाला पशु/ औपनिवेशिक/ यात्री पाक्षी)

Emigrant, Evacuee, Expatriate, Traveller, Departer, Drifter, Itinerant, Migrator, Moved, Nomad

Native, Nonimmigrant

Many countries allow illegal migrants to be nationalized in a few years on humanitarian grounds.

Adjective

Tending to migrate.

(घुमंतू/ मौसिमी/ यात्री/ ख़ानाबदोश)

Migratory, Mobile, Errant, Itinerant, Peregrine, Ambulant, Sauntering

Nonmigrant, Nonmigratory, Resident

The migrant laborers from backward areas want their children to settle in a developed state.

Makeshift

Adjective

serving as a temporary substitute; sufficient for the time being.

(अस्थायी)

Alternative, Expedient, Temporary, Topgap, Substitute

Complete, Finished, Permanent, Ready

I want to purchase a makeshift bed for my office.

Noun


a temporary substitute or device.

(एवज़)

Expediency, Recourse, Replacement, Resort, Resource, Shift, Stopgap

Permanent

When she could not find the newspaper, she used cloth as a makeshift to cover the food.

Amenities

Noun

A desirable or useful feature or facility of a building or place.

(सुविधाएं)

Facility, Service, Convenience, Resource, Utility, System, Appliance

-

The complex nearby to our house has all the basic amenities.

Intention

Verb


A thing intended; an aim or plan.

(इरादा)

Goal, Aim, Hope, Motive, Objective, Plan, Purpose, Impulsion, Drift

Discouragement

He has no intention to return your jacket.

Unequivocal

Adjective

Leaving no doubt.

Clear, Having only one possible meaning

(स्पष्ट)

Unambiguous, Unmistakable, Absolute, Indisputable, Explicit

Equivocal, Ambiguous, Vague, Indistinct, Hazy

He gave an unequivocal answer to the police regarding his involvement in the protest.

Sequester

Verb

To remove or withdraw into solitude or retirement

Isolate or Hide Away

 (एकांत में रहना/पृथक)

Isolate, Conceal, Cloistered, Private, Seclude, Confiscate, Cut off, Segregate

Desegregate, Integrate, Reintegrate, Lay bare, Reveal, Tell

Granny was sequestered in her room to protect her from getting infected.

Outskirt

Noun

A part remote from the center.

(बाहरी इलाके)

Boundary, Line, Bound, Brim, Brink, Circumference, Confine, Hem

Center, Inside, Interior, Middle

His house is on the outskirts of the town.

Stern

Adjective

Firm and uncompromising.

(कठोर)

Austere, Flinty, Harsh, Ramrod

Clement, Gentle, Indulgent, Lax

The team was afraid of the boss’s stern look.

Noun

A rear end of a boat.

(जलयान का पिछला भाग)

-

-

Be careful while sitting at the stern of the boat.

Convention

Noun

A large formal meeting of members and representatives for discussion on matters of common concern.

(सम्मेलन/ अभिसमय)

Meeting, Show, Assemblage, Assembly

Disagreement, Discord, Strangeness, Bad Manners

Our school organized a week-long annual teachers’ convention.

Signatory

Noun

A signer of a document.

(हस्ताक्षरकर्ता/ हस्ताक्षरी)

Endorser, Recorder, Registrar, Scrivener, Autograph, Identification, Ink, Name

-

The document was signed by the signatories of the company.

Adjective

Having signed a document.

(हस्ताक्षर किया हुआ/ दस्तख़त किया हुआ)

-

-

Jacob was given the signatory power.

Refoulement

Noun

The act of forcing a refugee to return to a country where he or she is likely to face prosecution.

(एक शरणार्थी को उस देश में लौटने के लिए मजबूर करने का कार्य जहां उसे अभियोजन का सामना करना पड़ सकता है ।)

-

-

International laws prohibit refoulement.

Ethnic

Adjective

Pertaining to the characteristic of people, especially a group sharing a common and distinctive culture, religion, language, or like.

Relating to the characteristic of a minority ethnic group.

(संजाति विषयक/ संजातीय/ नृजातीय/ नृजाति विषयक/ संजाति विषयक)

Indigenous, National, Traditional, Tribal, Native, Ethnical, Racial

Nonracial

There are many ethnic groups made up of immigrants in the US.

Noun

A member of an ethnic group.

(एक जातीय समूह का सदस्य।)

-

-

The budget was kept separately for minority ethnic-led companies.

Convince

Verb

To move by argument or belief.

To persuade someone to do something.

(मनवाना/ विश्वास दिलाना/ यकीन दिलाना)

Assure, Get, Persuade, Prompt, Prove, Satisfy, Sway

Deter, Discourage, Dissuade, Unsell

He convinced his uncle to sell his land.

 

Resolve

Noun

A resolution of determination that is being made to follow a course of action to achieve something.

(संकल्प/ ठानना)

Boldness, Courage, Firmness, Intention, Steadfastness

Cowardice, Fear, Weakness, Indecision

Her resolve is so strong that her criticism strengthens her will to achieve her goals.

Verb

To deal with something successfully.; To reach a firm decision about something.

(हल करना/ समाधान करना/ अलगाना/ विभक्त करना)

 

Agree, Answer, Conclude, Decide, Fix, Determine, Propose, Undertake, Solve, Analyze, Anatomize

Abstain, Delay, Assemble, Accumulate, Join

We held a meeting to resolve all disputes.

Hapless

Adjective

(especially of a person) unfortunate.

(अभागी)

Unlucky, Woeful, Cursed, Jinxed, Loser, Miserable

Happy, Fortunate, Lucky, Fortitude, Well-off

The hapless buyers of the smartphone were cheated.

Cleanse

Verb

To make clean.

To remove as if by cleaning.

(शुद्ध/ परिमार्जन करना/ स्वच्छ करना/ पवित्र करना)

Disinfect, Purge, Sanitize, Restore

Adulterate, Condemn, Corrupt, Besmirch

The nurse cleansed the wound with water.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?