The Hindu Vocabulary 18 August 2022

2022-08-18

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 18 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Finding a home: On India’s adoption policy.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Adoption

Noun

The process of establishing a legal relationship between a child and a parent other than the child's biological parent.

The act of adopting.

(दत्तक ग्रहण/ गोद लेना)

Acceptance, Approval, Enactment, Endorsement

Disapproval, Opposition, Refusal, Rejection

Many couples go for the adoption of a child.

Bypass

Verb

Avoid or circumvent (an obstacle or problem).

(से बचने)

Avoid, Evade, Dodge, Escape, Elude, Circumvent

Consider, Contemplate, Examine, Review, Appraise

The decision to bypass the seniors in taking a decision may hurt your career.

Intervention

Noun

The action or process of intervening.

(हस्तक्षेप)

Interference, Mediation, Arbitration, Intercession

-

He was sad with interventions in his day-to-day tasks.

Gratification

Noun

The state of being gratified.

The act of gratifying.

(संतुष्टि/ संतोष)

Content, Contentedness, Contentment, Delectation, Delight, Enjoyment

Dissatisfaction, Sadness, Sorrow, Unhappiness

A good tasty meal gives him a sense of gratification.

Intend

Verb

Have in mind, Determine

(इरादा करना)

Aim, Contemplate, Destine, Expect

Disbelieve, Disregard, Forget, Ignore

He intended to hurt his enemy.

Recommend

Verb

To present as worthy of a trial.

To make acceptable.

To suggest a course of action.

(अनुशंसा करना/ सिफ़ारिश करना)

Advocate, Back, Confirm, Endorse

Censure, Condemn, Deny, Discourage

They recommended us a good restaurant.

Abandon

Verb

Leave behind

(छोड़ देना)

Desert, Discard, Discontinue, Ditch, Drop out, Leave

Advance, Allow, Begin, Come, Continue, Maintain

He abandoned his family.

Guardianship

Noun

The responsibilities of a guardian.

Care and responsibility.

(संरक्षण/ प्रतिपालकत्व/ अभिभावकता)

Bolster, Hold, Reinforce, Uphold

Undermine, Weaken, Drop, Fall

The crew took very difficult measures to undergird the ship.

Ensure

Verb

To secure or make certain.

To guarantee.

(सुनिश्चित करना)

Assure, Guarantee, Secure, Protect

Endanger, Harm, Ignore, Injure

He ensured the investor’s safety.

Chasm

Noun

An interruption in continuity or gap.

(दरार)

Abysm, Deep, Gulf, Crater

Closing, Closure, Remembrance, Solid

The construction of an overbridge over the chasm will help in connectivity.

Prospective

Adjective

Of future.

Potential.

Effective in the future.

Likely to come about.

(भावी/ प्रत्याशित/ उत्तर-काल की अपेक्षा करनेवाला)

Eventual, Expected, Proposed, Considered, Destined, Forthcoming, Future, Approaching, Awaited, Imminent, Impending

Agreed, Concurred

The good-looking future prospective of the company attracted investors.

Stringent

Adjective

Strict, precise, and exacting.

(कठोर)

Binding, Demanding, Strict, Stiff, Confining

Amenable, Calm, Easy, Pliable, Gentle

The employees were not happy with stringent timings in the office.

Detrimental

Adjective

Something that has a harmful effect on something.

(हानिकारक/ नुक़स़ान पहुंचानेवाला)

Adverse, Destructive, Disturbing, Harmful, Hurtful, Inimical

Advantageous, Beneficial, Friendly, Useful

 

The detrimental effects of working in nuclear plants are well known.

Noun

Harmful person or thing.

(हानिकारक व्यक्ति या वस्तु)

-

-

He is detrimental in my eyes.

Centric

Adjective

Pertaining to the center.

Located at the center.

Concerned about a center.

In the center.

(केंद्रीय/ कैन्द्रिक)

Basic, Fundamental, Key, Important

Additional, Auxilliary, Extra, Inessential

The startup is student-centric.

Tighten

Verb

To make tight.

(तानना/ दबा देना/ कसकर बाँधना)

Narrow, Stiffe, Toughen, Compress

Untighten, Allow, Concentrate, Enlarge

The mechanic lightened all the screws.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?