The Hindu Vocabulary 17 August 2022

2022-08-17

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 17 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Remission without reform: On the release of 11 convicts in Bilkis Bano case.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Remission

Noun

the cancellation of a debt, charge, or penalty.

(छूट)

Cancellation, Suspension, Revocation, Repeal, Abrogation

Free, Absolved, Independent, Unrestricted

The government announced the remission of taxes related to education.

Reform

Noun

The action or process of reforming an institution or practice.

(सुधार)

Improvement, Betterment, Amelioration, Refinement, Change

-

The government proposed various tax reforms in the Budget 2022-23.

Verb

Make changes in (something, typically a social, political, or economic institution or practice) in order to improve it.

(सुधार करना)

Amend, Improve, Rebuild, Rehabilitate, Remake, Renovate

Break, Damage, Destroy, Ruin, Harm, Hurt

Our company is planning to reform the HR department.

Convicts

Verb

declare (someone) to be guilty of a criminal offence by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law.

(अपराधी घोषित करना)

Sentence, Implicate, Incriminate, Declare

Acquit, Absolve, Clear, Release

Some of our colleagues were convicted of corruption charges.

Premature

Adjective

Occurring or done before the usual or proper time; too early.

(समयपूर्व)

Immature, Incomplete, Untimely, Forward, Abortive, Hasty, Rash, Impulsive

Delayed, Late, Mature, Prepared, Slow, Careful

The highway project is currently in its premature stage and should not be inaugurated.

Discretion

Noun

The freedom to decide what should be done in a particular situation.

(निर्णय)

Choice, Option, Judgement, Preference, Disposition, Wariness

Indiscretion, Rashness, Irresponsibility, Haste, Recklessness

It’s your discretion whether you want to marry him or not.

Wisdom

Noun

the quality of having experience, knowledge, and good judgment; the quality of being wise.

(बुद्धि)

Insight, Common sense, Acumen, Caution, Experience, Foresight, Intelligence, Knowledge, Poise

Ignorance, Inability, Ineptness, Stupidity, Imprudence, Thoughtlessness

The words of wisdom by Lord Buddha are worth listening to.

Heinous

Adjective

(of a person or wrongful act, especially a crime) utterly odious or wicked

(जघन्य)

Odious, Wicked, Evil, Atrocious, Monstrous, Disgraceful, Detestable, Awful, Terrible, Abhorrent, Abominable

Friendly, Kind, Good, Likeable, Mild, Moral, Virtuous

The police arrested the culprits accused of committing heinous crimes.

Defy

Verb


openly resist or refuse to obey.

(अवहेलना करना)

Disobey, Mock, Rebel

Comply, Conform, Follow, Mind, Obey

Mr. Rajesh was penalized for defying a court order.

Contemporary

Adjective


living or occurring at the same time / belonging to or occurring in the present.

(समकालीन)

Modern, Present, Current, Extant, Modish, Latest, Recent, Concomitant

Absent, Past, Old-fashioned, Preceding, Succeeding

She writes essays on contemporary issues.

Consultation

Noun

The act of conferring.

A meeting for deliberation.

A meeting among experts to evaluate something.

(परामर्श/ मंत्रणा/ मशवरा)

Appointment, Conference, Deliberation, Hearing, Dialogue, Interview, Meeting, Discussion, Session, Examination

-

The government has launched a new platform for tele-consultation in rural areas.

Waiver

Noun

Letting go/ an act or instance of waiving a right or claim.

(छूट)

Postponement, Remission, Abdication, Disclaimer

Allowance, Sanction, Approval

The waiver scheme announced by the government benefitted only 50% of the farmers.

Disquiet

Noun

a feeling of anxiety or worry.

(बेचैनी)

Unease, Worry, Anxiety, Distress, Concern, Unrest, Fear, Anguish, Dread, Panic

Calmness, Peace, Advantage, Order, Harmony

The dip in the stock price of LIC caused great disquiet among the share buyers.

Verb

Make someone worried or uneasy

(बेचैन करना)

Agitate, Perplex, Unsettle, Vex, Perturb, Bother, Annoy

Please, Soothe, Calm, Appease, Assist, Comfort

The child was disquieted by the fierce argument going on among the family members.

Constitutional

Adjective


relating to an established set of principles governing a state.

(संवैधानिक)

relating to someone's physical or mental condition.

(शरीर रचना संबंधी)

Democratic, Lawful, Legal, Statutory, Representative, Chartered, Essential, Fundamental, Native, Natural, Inherent, Organic

Illegal, Illicit, Unlawful, Illegitimate, Unnatural, Learned

The post of President of India is constitutional.

Mala has a constitutional weakness in her legs.

Whimsy

Noun

Playfully quaint or fanciful behavior or humor.

(सनक)

Playfulness, Fancifulness, Caprice, Notion

-

A beautiful bracelet will add whimsy to your daily look.

Sovereign

Adjective

Possessing supreme or ultimate power.

(सार्वभौम)

Absolute, Autonomous, Unlimited, Ascendant, Imperial, Effectual

Limited, Dependent, Restricted, Minor, Secondary

India is a secular, sovereign and republic country.

Temper

Noun


a person's state of mind seen in terms of their being angry or calm.

(गुस्सा)


the degree of hardness and elasticity in steel or other metal.

Attitude, Climate, Humor, Mood, Personality, Temperament, Drift, Anger, Fury, Ire, Impatience, Rage

Calmness, Contentment, Happiness, Peace

Keep your temper in control while you are in a meeting with the board members.

Verb

Improve the hardness and elasticity of (steel or other metal) by reheating and then cooling it.

(स्टील या अन्य धातु को गरमा करके और फिर ठंडा करके उनकी कठोरता और लोच में सुधार करना)

Act as a neutralizing or counterbalancing force to (something)

(किसी के लिए एक तटस्थ या प्रतिसंतुलन बल के रूप में कार्य करना)

Braze, Cement, Chill, Dry, Mold, Petrify, Set, Abate, Alleviate, Cool

Liquefy, Melt, Separate, Soften, Weaken, Discourage, Dissuade

The troops tempered their arms for the battle.

Clemency

Noun

mercy; lenience.

(दया)

Mildness, Indulgence, Forbearance, Kindness, Charity

Ruthlessness, Strictness, Severity, Harshness, Rigidity

The judge was famous for his clemency.

Regret

Noun

feel sad, repentant, or disappointed over (something that has happened or been done, especially a loss or missed opportunity).

(पछतावा करना)

Anguish, Annoyance, Apology, Disappointment, Discomfort, Grief

Calmness, Comfort, Delight, Happiness

She regretted her decision to work in her friend's company.

Verb


a feeling of sadness, repentance, or disappointment over something that has happened or been done.

(खेद)

Bemoan, Deplore, Repent, Grieve, Lament, Disapprove

Delight, Approve, Endorse, Praise, Be content

She has no regrets about her past decisions related to her career.

Fete

Noun

a lavish often outdoor entertainment

(उत्सव)

Ball, Banquet, Fair, Festival, Fiesta, Gala

-

We went to a fete organized in the society’s community hall.

Verb

to pay high honor to

(उच्च सम्मान देना)

Celebrate, Entertain, Feast, Festival, Holiday, Honor

Disregard, Ignore, Neglect, Forget

The winning team was feted with garlands and parades.

Conscience

Noun

The inner sense of what is right or wrong in one’s motives.

The complex of ethical and moral principles that controls the actions of an individual.

An inhibiting sense of what is prudent.

Conformity to what one considers to be morally good.

(अंतरात्मा की आवाज / अंतःकरण / अन्तश्चेतना / फुलाना/ सद्सद्विवेक)

Shame, Censor, Morals, Principles, Compunction, Demur, Duty, Qualms, Scruples

Immorality

Granville Austin describes Directive Principles and the Fundamental Rights as the ‘Conscience of the Constitution.

 

Special Offer get 25% Off
Use Coupon code SUCCESS25

ibps po mains current affairs and financial awareness 2022 Rs.499/- Read More
current affairs and financial awareness from january august 2022 Rs.449/- Read More
half yearly current affairs 2022 book january july Rs.199/- Read More
current affairs and banking awareness 2022 combined Rs.398/- Read More

Share Blog


Current Affairs

Attempt Daily Current
Affairs Quiz

Attempt Quiz



Question Of The Day

Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?